Shakespeare’s Sonnets : Shakespeare’s Sonnets Sonnets : Sonnets The word sonnet in Italian means ‘little song’ or ‘little sound’
They are lyrical poems
There are two types Italian (Petrarchan) and English (Shakespearean) Shakespearean : Shakespearean Over his life time he wrote 154 sonnets
Love is a typical theme within sonnets
Sonnets 1-126 are addressed to an unidentified young man with outstanding physical and intellectual attributes
The first 17 of these urge the young man to marry so that he can pass on his superior qualities to a child – such allowing future generations to appreciate the qualities of this young man. Continued… : Continued… Sonnets 127 – 154, Shakespeare devotes most of his attention to addressing a mysterious “dark lady”– a sensuous, irresistible woman of questionable morals who captivates the poet.
Shakespeare wrote his sonnets in London in the 1590’s during an outbreak of the plague that closed the theaters and prevented playwrights (like Shakespeare) from staging their dramas. What makes a sonnet a sonnet? : What makes a sonnet a sonnet? A sonnet has 14 lines
It has only one verse/stanza
It is written in iambic pentameter
Sonnets have 3 quatrains (4 line sections)
A sonnet always ends with a rhyming couplet Rhythm : Rhythm There are always 10 syllables per line
They are spoken in a rhythmic pattern called Iambic pentameter
That means every other syllable is stressed in a sing song way Iambic Pentameter : Iambic Pentameter Iambic pentameter
is a line of poetry made up of five iambs:
is a metrical foot
consisting of one unstressed syllable
followed by one stressed syllable;
the pentameter line has five metrical feet;
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Sonnet 18 : Sonnet 18 A Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
B Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
A Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
B And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
C Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
D And often is his gold complexion dimmed,
C And every fair from fair sometime declines,
D By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:
E But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
F Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,
E Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
F When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,
G So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
G So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. Paraphrase : Paraphrase You have 10 minutes to paraphrase the lines you’ve been given. (Write what you think each line means) Questions : Questions What technique has Shakespeare used in line one?
What does line 2 suggest about the friend being described?
What do lines 3 and 4 suggest about the seasons in comparison to the friend?
What does line 9 suggest about the friend?
Summarise the last comment made in the couplet. My Mistress’ Eyes Sonnet 120 : My Mistress’ Eyes Sonnet 120 My mistress's eyes are nothing like the sun;Coral is far more red than her lip's red;If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun,If hair be wires, black wires grow on her head.I have seen roses damasked, red and white,But no such roses see I in her cheeks;In some perfumes there is more delightThan the breath with which my mistress reeks.I love to hear her speak, yet well I know,Music hath a far more pleasing sound;I grant I never saw a goddess go;My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.