TODAY: Christology 1: TODAY: Christology 1 Christology: the Study of Christ: Christology: the Study of Christ Christology is a branch of theology. Christology refers to the study of Jesus Christ . “A Christology” can also refer to a particular understanding of Jesus. Christology: Who do you say that I am?: Christology: Who do you say that I am? Consider the question Jesus asks his apostles: Matthew 16:13-20 When Jesus went into the region of Caesarea Philippi he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” They replied, “Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter said in reply, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” Christology: Who do you say that I am?: Christology: Who do you say that I am? Our Christology is an answer to Jesus’ question. “Who do you say that I am?” Many Different Christologies: Many Different Christologies The Church has never had a single Christology . Rather, we have always approached the mystery of Christ in many diverse and complementary ways . The New Testament writers also viewed Christ through differing approaches. New Testament Christologies: New Testament Christologies Mark : Jesus as suffering Messiah Matthew : Jesus as fulfillment of the Old Testament Luke : Jesus as Savior of all people, Gentiles and Jews Paul : Christ is the “new Adam” who offers us a new way of being in relationship with God. Christology of the Gospel of John: Christology of the Gospel of John The Gospel of John has the most highly developed Christology of any gospel. In John, Jesus is the eternal Word of God made flesh . Christology of the Gospel of John: Christology of the Gospel of John Gospel of John, Chapter 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came to be through him, and without him nothing came to be. What came to be through him was life, and this life was the light of the human race; the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. … And the Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us, and we saw his glory, the glory as of the Father's only Son, full of grace and truth. The Mystery of the Incarnation: The Mystery of the Incarnation The Incarnation refers to the mystery of Jesus possessing both a human and divine nature; in other words, the mystery of God becoming man. We can approach Jesus’ divinity and humanity in two different methods… Two Categories of Christologies: Two Categories of Christologies 1. high Christology (Christology from above): begins with Jesus as divine , then tries to understand his humanity. 2. low Christology (Christology from below): begins with Jesus as human , then tries to understand his divinity. Two Categories of Christologies: Two Categories of Christologies Both approaches must recognize both natures in Jesus: human and divine. When you think of Jesus, what do you consider first: his humanity or divinity?