Studying at a Coffee Shop Versus Studying at a Library

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Studying at a Coffee Shop Versus Studying at a Library:

Studying at a Coffee Shop Versus Studying at a Library Researchers: Maria Park, Stephanie Caballero, Vanessa Greco, Michelle Fernandez

Slide2:

LITERATURE REVIEW Articles supporting hypothesis that studying at a coffee shop increases student productivity rather than studying at a library present several reasons students could prefer this. Articles include the benefits of caffeine, studying ambiance and learning styles depending on the setting. METHOD Participants selected were graduate students from Azusa Pacific University. The survey included 18 participants. Materials used for this research study included Survey Monkey, Sakai course web page, forum section within Sakai, Google Documents and Azusa Pacific University email service.

Slide3:

RESULTS DISCUSSION Each question was directed towards asking about drinking coffee, study at coffee shops, studying at a library and work productivity. The study showed no overwhelming data to prove that students prefer one over the other. The study shows that participants evenly prefer to study at the library and at a coffee shop for diverse reasons. Alvin Powell(2015) How Coffee Loves Us Back . Brian Stocker (2011, March 23) Should you be a Coffee shop Studier? Gaby Giotti ( 2015) Skipping the Library: 4 Favorite Coffee Shops and Study Spots by Harvard College

Literature Review:

Literature Review Articles supporting hypothesis that studying at a coffee shop increases student productivity rather than studying at a library present several reasons students could prefer this. Articles include the benefits of caffeine, studying ambiance and learning styles depending on the setting. Gigih Aditya Wardana , Irfiansyah Irwadi , Harlina Soetjipto (2014, January –March) Effect of Coffee Drinks to The Reaction Time of 18-22 years old Male University Students . Retrieved from http://journal.unair.ac.id/filerPDF/fmi0c6001c311full.pdf 1. This research article supports that the certain amount of Caffeine in coffee can improve the working performance by increasing the concentration and alertness of college students. Reaction time which measuring the brain activity after drinking coffee (84 mg of caffeine) improves after 30 minutes later. 2008

Literature Review:

Literature Review Mehta, R., Zhu, R. (Juliet) ., & Cheema, A.. (2012). Is Noise Always Bad? Exploring the Effects of Ambient Noise on Creative Cognition . Retrieved from Journal of Consumer Research, 39(4), 784–799. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/665048?seq=1# 2. This research explained that the noise, about 70 decibels, could improve individual’s performance and creativity than the person who works in the quiet environment, about 50 decibels. This outcome support studying at the coffee shop can improve productivity than studying at the library.

Literature Review:

Literature Review Michael A. Weber & Robert K. Flatley .( 2008 ). What Do Students Want? A focus Group Study of Students at a Midsized Public University. Retrieved from http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/weber-flatley2.htm 3. This research explained how student understands the role of the academic library and what elements could improve the library to more available for the students. One of the points was improving the atmosphere of libraries, such as serve meals or coffee so students don’t need to leave the library

Literature Review:

Literature Review Gaby Giotti (2015, July 14) Skipping the Library: 4 Favorite Coffee Shops and Study Spots by Harvard College. Retrieved from https://college.harvard.edu/admissions/hear-our-students/student-blog/skipping-library-4-favorite-coffee-shops-and-study-spot 4. This research article discusses the importance of the coffee shops in Harvard square. Although there are many libraries at Harvard University, the many coffee shops offer more. For example, the coffee shop The Thinking Cup offers support in different majors and areas of concentration around the coffee shop. In a library is it solitary and a library cannot offer peer support.

Literature Review:

Literature Review Stephanie Ng. (2014) Studying in Coffee Shop vs Library: Does it make a Difference? Retrieved from http://ipassthecpaexam.com/studying-in-coffee-shop/ 5. This article directly discusses studying in coffee shops v. the library. In this study, students prefer studying for an exam in the library where it is quiet, but a coffee shop when studying for all other subjects. Working with other students in coffee shops add to support and additional learning when working with others. Shauna (2013) The Art of Study at Starbucks . Retrieved from http://www.littlecupofrandom.com/2013/09/14/the-art-of-studying-starbucks/ 6. This article was geared mostly towards women and it was a research on where, when, and why to study at Starbucks. The author discusses five steps to the study approach. The article supports studying in coffee shops versus studying at the library.

Literature Review:

Literature Review Erica McWilliam (2011) From school to café and back again: responding to the learning demands of the twenty‐first century. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 14:3, 257-268, DOI: 10.1080/13603124.2010.537372. Retrieved from http://0-www.tandfonline.com.patris.apu.edu/doi/pdf/10.1080/13603124.2010.537372 7. Compares the structural learning through educational institutions and the informal learning carried out in coffee houses. The author supports her argument by comparing and contrasting schools and coffee houses starting from the nineteenth century. The article argues that the idea of learning in a school setting in the traditional sense, prevents students from developing necessary skills required in the workforce. Instead, it suggests that learning is largely based on an environment where pleasurable conversations and activities are held and consequently incentivize students to practice quality learning

Literature Review:

Literature Review Liakoni E, Schaub MP, Maier LJ, Glauser G-V, Liechti ME (2015) The Use of Prescription Drugs, Recreational Drugs, and “Soft Enhancers” for Cognitive Enhancement among Swiss Secondary School Students . PLoS ONE 10(10): e0141289. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141289. Retrieved from http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0141289 8. Discusses the use of cognitive enhancements amongst high school students in a Swiss school from grades 10-12. The study proved that CE’s were more likely to be used by students who had stress related issues and performance pressure due to school assignments. Although the study focused on a more general understanding of CE’s which included recreational drugs, prescription drugs and soft enhancer, of the CE’s, energy drinks and coffee were the most widely used for cognitive enhancement.

Literature Review:

Literature Review Aimee Whiteside, D. Christopher Brooks and J. D. Walker (2010) Making the Case for Space: Three Years of Empirical Research on Learning Environments . Retrieved from http://er.educause.edu/articles/2010/9/making-the-case-for-space-three-years-of-empirical-research-on-learning-environments 9. A study that analyzed different learning environments and their influence on ones teaching or learning, amongst teachers and students. The article includes interviews by students who discuss the necessary resources they require in studying. Their responses reinforce our hypothesis that studying at a coffee shop that provides these kind of resources, including technology, assist students in their learning. Furthermore, it included the types of assignments that may be beneficial to complete in an informal space like a coffee shop versus other learning spaces. The article also included percentage of students that reached their study goals while studying in this type of setting.

Literature Review:

Literature Review Alvin Powell (2015) How Coffee Loves Us Back . Retrieved from http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2015/09/how-coffee-loves-us-back/ 10. This is a study that found that in 2013, coffee consumption reduced the risk of suicide. This study also showed that those that decreased coffee consumption by more than a cup a day increased their type 2 diabetes risk by 17%. Their responses reinforce how coffee is good for our bodies and in turn increases productivity as we are more healthy when we drink coffee.

Literature Review:

Literature Review Constance Ruzich and Joanne Canan (2010) Computers, Coffee Shops, and Classrooms: Promoting Partnerships and Fostering Authentic Discussion . English Journal, Vol. 99, No. 5 pp. 61-66 Published by: National Council of Teachers of English. Retrieved from http://0www.jstor.org.patris.apu.edu/stable/pdf/27807194.pdf?acceptTC=true 11. This study took place to see how the researchers could promote authentic discussions among students. They found that it was not technology that helped produce motivation among the students, but rather that finding places to free the conversations assisted the students in participating in meaningful discussions. This gave students the opportunity to guide discussions and experience creative collaboration.

Literature Review:

Literature Review Noel Entwistle , Maureen Hanley, and Dai Hounsell (1979) Identifying Distinctive Approaches to Studying . Vol. 8, No. 4, Student Learning, pp. 365-380. Published by Elsevier Scientific, Amsterdam. Retrieved from http://0-www.jstor.org.patris.apu.edu/stable/pdf/3446150.pdf 12. This study attempts to develop inventories to measure important aspects of study methods and motivation of those studying. This study divided studying into three different factors: Understanding, Reproducing, and Achieving a high grade. The research suggests that studying behavior contains elements of both individual stability and situational variability.

Method:

Method The participants we selected in this research study were graduate students who attend Azusa Pacific University. Researchers were limited to including graduate students as participants due to accessibility. Our survey included 18 participants. Materials used for this research study included Survey Monkey, Sakai course web page, forum section within Sakai, Google Documents and Azusa Pacific University email service. Survey monkey was utilized to develop the research survey of the study that included multiple choice questions and short answer questions. Sakai course webpage was also used for information to help develop our study. Within Sakai, researchers were able to read classmates suggestions about potential issues related to research development and considered suggestions toward developing data research. Researchers communicated and developed the structure of the survey via Google Documents. Each researcher created two or three questions for the survey. Questions were revised by researcher’s professor, Dr. Sheena Turner August and by Danielle Murillo in OIRA (Office of Institutional Research and Assessment).

Method:

Method Research also included an informed consent, which notified survey takers that the researchers were graduate students from Azusa Pacific University who were conducting a brief online survey, and the relationship between environment and productivity among college students. The names of the researchers as well as the course number were also included in the informed consent. This survey was distributed between March 14, 2016 – March 20, 2016. Researchers requested Azusa Pacific University graduate students to participate in taking the survey through Azusa Pacific University email. Participants, who agreed to take the research survey, were provided with research questions via a link to survey monkey within their email.

Results:

Results Each question was directed towards asking about drinking coffee, study at coffee shops, studying at a library and work productivity. Overall, the study showed no overwhelming data to prove that students prefer one over the other. Participants equally enjoyed studying at the library and studying at the coffee shop due to the different types of ambiance. The first questions asked the participants if drinking coffee helped their work productivity. 25% of participants stated that they strongly agreed with the statement presented while 10% of participants stated that they strongly disagreed with that statement. The following question stated “I study 1 to 3 times a week at coffee shops.” An overwhelming amount of participants, 52%, showed that they strongly disagreed with that statement. The following statement showed the same reaction from the participants, 48% of participants showed that they strongly disagreed with the statement that they study 1 to three times a week at a library.

Results:

Results Although the participants showed that they strongly disagreed with this statement, 40% of participants stated that they agreed with the idea that they enjoy studying at a library because it is quiet. When the researchers asked the question about completing assignments while working on them at coffee shops, all the participants disagreed with that statement while 31% agreed. 48% of students agreed with that they complete their assignments when they work on them at the library. The Researchers then stated “gathering with my peers at a coffee shop helps me be productivity in my studies.” 30% of students disagreed with this statement and 15% of students strongly agreed with this statement. Questions 9 and 10 were short answer questions. Participants who answered question 9 stated that they enjoyed studying at the library because it is a quiet and relaxing environment, there are resources readily available, and there are less distractions. Participants who answered question 10 stated that they enjoyed working at a coffee shop because they enjoyed drinking coffee while studying, it provides a creative space and they can study in groups.

Results:

Results

Method:

Method

Method:

Method Quantitative Questions: Mean and Stand Deviation

Discussion:

Discussion The result from the research shows that participants evenly prefer to study at the library and at the coffee shop with diverse reasons. The articles in the literature review somewhat supported the hypothesis that students preferred studying in coffee shops rather than libraries. The survey shows that preference in studying at a coffee shop is mainly due to being able to study at a creative space. This statement supports the initial predictions of the research which states that the ambient of a coffee shop affects the productivity of students. Mehta, Zhu& Cheema (2012) emphasized the effects the ambient noise of a coffee shop has on an individual. This research explained that the noise, about 70 decibels, could improve an individual’s performance and creativity than that of a person who works in the quiet environment, which is at about 50 decibels. This outcome supports studying at the coffee shop can improve productivity than studying at the library. However, the survey

Discussion:

Discussion on this research was not sufficient enough to examine the specific factors that contribute to the productivity of a student. To have a more clear perspective, the questions on the survey should be more specific and focus more on influential factors of ambient noise in a coffee shop. Students who responded qualitative questions on reasons for enjoying studying at a coffee shop, supported McWilliam’s (2011) argument that learning in an environment where activities can be completed in an environment that encourages open conversations, is beneficial for students who will enter the workforce. Qualitative results for Question 10 in the research study overall concluded students enjoyed studying at a coffee shop due to the ambiance that influences students to think creatively and it provides a change from the usual school environment. Our study was specifically geared toward frequency and reasons for enjoying studying at a coffee shop in comparison to studying at a library which was too generalized to comprehend the long term effects of studying in an informal

Discussion:

Discussion environment and how it contributes to student’s ability to be successful in the workforce. Entwistle and Hanley (1979) divided their study into three different factors related to studying in: understanding, reproducing, and achieving. In the study How Coffee Loves Us Back , it was proven that coffee consumption increases productivity and that we are healthier when we drink coffee ( Gazatte , 2015). Although this research did not necessarily support coffee shops, it did support studying and coffee which promotes coffee shops. The relevance of the data gathered in terms of these studies could have been more geared towards coffee shops rather than just coffee. In the research article Skipping the Library: 4 Favorite Coffee Shops and Study Spots by Harvard College , the author supports the initial predictions that studying in coffee shops is more productive than studying in the library( Giotti , 2015). This article describes a coffee shop called “The Thinking Cup” that offers a space where students can gather in groups based on their major. The article The Art of

Discussion:

Discussion Studying at Starbucks directly supports our hypotheses regarding studying in coffee shops and discusses five steps to the positive ways that studying in a coffee shop is better than studying in the library (Shauna, 2013). However, the results did not support the survey as the outcome of the survey resulted in students preferring equally to study at a coffee shop or a library. The study required further analysis on why studying at coffee shops assist students in being productive. It may have required more qualitative to gain further understanding of this. However, the data was relevant to the hypothesis and supported many of the articles suggested in the Literature Review. There is a necessity to understand the reasons why students enjoy studying at a coffee and why students enjoy drinking or if these are interrelated. Also, understanding the difference between productivity and enjoyment in studying in a coffee shop, would deliver a more concrete study about our original hypothesis.

References:

References Alvin Powell (2015, September 28) How Coffee Loves Us Back. Retrieved from  http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2015/ 09/how- coffee-loves-us-back/ Brian Stocker (2011, March 23) Should you be a Coffee shop Studier? Retrieved from  http://www.study-skills.ca/ 2011/03/23/should-you-be-a-coffee-shop-studier/ Constance Ruzich and Joanne Canan (2010, May) Computers, Coffee Shops, and Classrooms: Promoting Partnerships and Fostering Authentic Discussion. English Journal, Vol. 99, No. 5 pp. 61-66 Published by: National Council of Teachers of English. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org. patris.apu.edu/stable/pdf/27807194.pdf?acceptTC=true

References:

References Erica McWilliam (2011, May 12) From school to café and back again: responding to the learning demands of the twenty‐first century.  International Journal of Leadership in Education, 14:3, 257-268, DOI: 10.1080/ 13603124.2010.537372. Retrieved from  http://0-www.tandfonline.com.patris.apu.edu/doi/pdf/10.1080/13603124.2010.537372 Gaby Giotti (2015, July 14) Skipping the Library: 4 Favorite Coffee Shops and Study Spots by Harvard College . Retrieved from https://college.harvard.edu/admissions/hear-our-students/ student-blog/skipping-library-4-favorite-coffee-shops-and-study-spot Gigih Aditya Wardana , Irfiansyah Irwadi , Harlina Soetjipto (2014, January –March ) Effect of Coffee Drinks to The Reaction Time of 18-22 years old Male University Students. Retrieved from http://journal.unair.ac.id/filerPDF/fmi0c6001c311full.pdf

References:

References Liakoni E, Schaub MP, Maier LJ, Glauser G-V, Liechti ME (2015, October 27) The Use of Prescription Drugs, Recreational Drugs, and “Soft Enhancers” for Cognitive Enhancement among Swiss Secondary School Students . PLoS ONE 10(10): e0141289. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141289. Retrieved from http://journals.plos.org/plosone/ article?id =10.1371/journal.pone.0141289   Mehta, R., Zhu, R. (Juliet) ., & Cheema, A.. (2012). Is Noise Always Bad? Exploring the Effects of Ambient Noise on Creative Cognition . Retrieved from Journal of Consumer Research, 39(4), 784–799. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/ 10.1086/665048?seq=1# Michael A. Weber & Robert K. Flatley .(2008). What Do Students Want? A focus Group Study of Students at a Midsized Public University. Retrieved from http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/weber-flatley2.htm

References:

References Noel Entwistle , Maureen Hanley, and Dai Hounsell (1979, July) Identifying Distinctive Approaches to Studying . Vol. 8, No. 4, Student Learning, pp. 365-380. Published by Elsevier Scientific, Amsterdam. Retrieved from http://0-www.jstor.org.patris.apu.edu/stable/pdf/3446150.pdf Shauna (2013, September 14) The Art of Study at Starbucks. Retrieved from http://www.littlecupofrandom.com/ 2013/09/14/the-art-of-studying- starbucks /   Stephanie Ng. (2014, March 30) Studying in Coffee Shop vs Library: Does it make a Difference? Retrieved from http://ipassthecpaexam.com/studying-in-coffee-shop/

authorStream Live Help