Constructing A Personality Puzzle Piece By Piece

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Constructing A Personality Puzzle Piece By Piece:

Constructing A Personality Puzzle Piece By Piece A Study of the Six Domains of Personality By Camille A. McGee

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Introduction: Six Domains of Personality Dispositional Domain Biological Domain Intrapsychic Domain Cognitive/Experiential Domain Social and Cultural Domain Adjustment Domain

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Relating Personality Domains to a Puzzle Like a puzzle, personality is composed of many pieces. When carefully arranged, both the puzzle and the personality paint a picture. The uniqueness of each piece fit together in a specific way. A beautiful personality is formed when all the pieces are together.

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Dispositional Domain Central domain which interacts with all the other domains. What makes people different from each other? How people are raised can determine their personalities. In the workplace, studying this domain can determine what kinds of people can be placed together to create an effective team. Like a puzzle, proper placement can create a beautiful picture!

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Dispositional Domain (cont.) In the workplace, the key to a successful workplace is the right combination of employees. Pairing employees that have qualities the other employees may lack is the key. Following these guidelines can make the difference between productivity and failure.

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Biological Domain We assume that humans are a collection of biological systems. Through these systems flow thoughts and emotions. Biological Domain is very general, so it is broken into smaller puzzle pieces. Genetics of Personality-differences and similarities between family members. Psychophysiology of Personality-What we learn about personality from the functions of the nervous system. Cortical Arousal Pain tolerance Hormones 3. Evolution-How it has shaped personality development

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Biological Domain (cont.) In the workplace, Biological Domain studies do not really serve a purpose. Evolution of society is generally not a factor when selecting a team inside a business.

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Intrapsychic Domain Intrapsychic Domain-Deals with the mental mechanisms of personality, many of which operate outside of conscious awareness. Rooted in Freud’s theory of Psychoanalysis. Can be broken down into smaller puzzle pieces labeled as sexual and aggressive forces, defensive mechanisms such as repression, denial and subjection. Freud believed these sexual and aggressive forces are what primarily drives human activity. It has been discovered that Power and Achievement motives inside this domain all operate outside of consciousness.

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Intrapsychic Domain (cont.) Employees with strong power motives will never be completely happy in their position. They will continue to seek more and more power, perhaps even if in doing so they cross the ethical line. Employees with strong achievement motives will likely be better employees. They are focused more on the joy of doing a job well than in gaining power.

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Cognitive/Experiential Domain Focuses on cognition and subjective experience such as conscious thoughts, feelings, beliefs and desires about oneself and others. Self-Concept is one aspect of this domain. Self-concept is how an individual views himself. Self-Concept is not to be confused with Self-esteem, which is another aspect of this domain. Self-Esteem deals with how a person feels about himself, not necessarily how he views himself or how he appears to others. Their personalities can be changed by low self-esteem. Another aspect of this domain is how we deal with our emotions.

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Cognitive/Experiential Domain (cont.) A person with low self-esteem is not a good fit for most companies. Any criticism would be taken personally. A person with very high self-esteem would also not be a good fit. They would most likely reject any criticism. A candidate with a healthy self-image and self-esteem would benefit greatly in most positions.

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Social and Cultural Domain Personality can be formed by things outside of a person’s inner psyche, such as social and cultural influences. Things a person grew up with can be instrumental in influencing the personality of that person. Personality can influence how a person behaves in social situations. Life events can affect your personality in either negative or positive ways. Cultural aspects concerning men and women are also a factor in the forming of personality. Culture may play a role in how men and women are treated in the workplace.

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Adjustment Domain Deals with how people adjust to situations that occur in our everyday lives. By adjusting these situations, personality can be formed. In the workplace, the Adjustment Domain is a very important factor to consider. Workplaces are changing every day and employers are seeking people willing to change with them. People that are open to change will be successful in changing industries.

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Summary The study of only one domain would not be helpful to employers. All people are different; even those that share DNA have differences, though they may not always be visible. The key is finding the right combinations of people to staff the business. Putting the puzzle together may be hard, but once completed the picture it makes is worth the effort!

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