Psychology of Family Relationship

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Psychology of Family Relationship : 

Psychology of Family Relationship DR.A.ANAND, PhD www.eisrjc.com www.peerc.com www.aerassociation.com

Definition of the Family : 

Definition of the Family The group comprising a husband and wife and their dependent children, constituting a fundamental unit in the organization of society

Types of Family : 

Types of Family Different types of families

Family Types- On the basis of size or structure : 

Family Types- On the basis of size or structure Nuclear or the single unit family and Joint family Nuclear Family - consists of only father, mother, child/children living in one roof. Extended Family - a family that includes in one household near relatives in addition to a nuclear family (eg. grandparents) Single Parent - this is self-explanatory Compound Type- two Single Parent type of families together. There goes what we call step-father/mother and step-sisters/brothers.

Family Types-On the basis of marriage : 

Family Types-On the basis of marriage Polygamous or Polygynous family (The condition or practice of having more than one wife at one time) Polyandrous family ( Having many husbands) Monogamous family (Marrying only once)

Family Types-On the basis of the nature of residence : 

Family Types-On the basis of the nature of residence Family of Matrilocal residence (pertaining to residence with the wife's family or tribe) Family of Patrilocal residence (Relating to residence with a husband's kin group or clan)

Family Types-On the basis of ancestry or descent family : 

Family Types-On the basis of ancestry or descent family can be classified into two main types Matrilineal family (Inheriting or determining descent through the female line /based on, or tracing ancestral descent through the maternal line. ) Patrilineal family

Family Types- On the basis of the nature of relations : 

Family Types- On the basis of the nature of relations among the family members the family can be classified into two main types. The Conjugal family which consists of adult members among there exists sex relationship. Consanguine family which consists of members among whom there exists blood relationship- brother and sister, father and son etc.

Functions of Family : 

Functions of Family DR.A.ANAND, PhD

Family Functions : 

Family Functions Schiamberg (1983) 1. Socialization of children 2. Economic cooperation & division of labor 3. Care, supervision, monitoring, and interaction 4. Legitimizing sexual relations 5. Reproduction 6. Provision of status:Social - familial attributes (SES, location) Ascribed - birth order Achieved - based on individual's effort

Functions & Characteristics Of Healthy Families: : 

Functions & Characteristics Of Healthy Families: CALLAGHAN (1987) 1. clearly identified hierarchy 2. well-defined parental roles 3. flexibility & adaptability - Can respond to situational & maturational crises 4. consistent, clear rules & expectations 5. consistent affection 6. consistent limit-setting 7. open communication, bi-directional 8. increased degree of support nurturance and acceptance of family members

Characteristics Of Dysfunctional Families : 

Characteristics Of Dysfunctional Families Minuchian (1978) 1. Rigidity - lack of flexibility 2. Lack of individuation - enmeshment /loss of autonomy 3. Extreme detachment 4. Scape-goating - family member (often child) who is the object of displaced conflict/criticism 5. Triangulation - Detouring conflict between 2 people by involving a third person, thereby stabilizing the relationship between the original pair 6. Faulty problem solving skills 7. Conflict avoidance 8. Inconsistent application of affection/discipline 9. Low levels of support/nurturance/acceptance 10. Increased degree of expressed hostility towards each other/other family members

History of the Family : 

History of the Family DR.A.ANAND, PhD

History of the family : 

History of the family The diverse data coming from ethnography, history, law and social statistics, establish that the human family is an institution and not a biological fact founded on the natural relationship of consanguinity

History of the family : 

History of the family Early Scholars Darwin's biological theory of evolution- “Theory of evolution of family systems”. American anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan published Ancient Society in 1877 based on his theory of the three stages of human progress from Savagery through Barbarism to Civilization Morgan's book The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State published in 1884

History of the family : 

History of the family Engels expanded Morgan's hypothesis that economical factors caused the transformation of primitive community into a class-divided society. Engels' theory of resource control, and later that of Karl Marx, was used to explain the cause and effect of change in family structure and function. The popularity of this theory was largely unmatched until the 1980s, when other sociological theories, most notably structural functionalism, gained acceptance.

Hunting and Gathering families : 

Hunting and Gathering families At an early stage of development societies may practice hunting and gathering. Ideal type characteristics for these societies include: Small groups (30-100 people) Open, elliptical camps Simplistic technology Children spaced apart 4–5 years in age (due to low fat diet and regular lactation)

Hunting and Gathering families : 

Hunting and Gathering families Ideal type characteristics for labor division is as follows: Women Gather 80% of food supply Plant Manage distribution of food Care for children Build/repair shelters Men Hunt Prepare the fields Care for children Build structures Children Help to gather food Discipline is passive Cared for by siblings, parents, and other adults

Hunting and Gathering families : 

Hunting and Gathering families The general ideology of these groups is typically: Egalitarian (no hierarchy of power; men, women, children cooperate) Monogamus and bilineal Trial marriage Divorce not common, nor traumatic No wealth to divide Children continue to be cared for by multiple adults

Modern Industrialised Families : 

Modern Industrialised Families Industrialisation dramatically changed the role of the family as an institution and unit of socialisation. With the development of capitalism, the "nuclear family" and contemporary notions of "childhood" arose: Physical context Solid permanent structures; doors close off families from one another Small scale agriculture and flocks Private property Wider political and social contact for boys

Modern Industrialised Families : 

Modern Industrialised Families Division of labor Women and girls Preserve and prepare foods Begin to be seen as domestic Men and boys Care for flocks Broader social knowledge and ties Begin to be seen as public leaders

Modern Industrialised Families : 

Modern Industrialised Families Ideology Hierarchy Stratification by gender Stratification by class Marriage and divorce Become more formalized (parents take control) Reinforces class privilege Divorce becomes more problematic

GenogramFamily Tree : 

GenogramFamily Tree DR.A.ANAND, PhD www.eisrjc.com www.peerc.com www.aerassociation.com

Genogram- Definition : 

Genogram- Definition A genogram is a graphic representation of a family tree that displays the interaction of generations within a family. It goes beyond a traditional family tree by allowing the user to analyze family, emotional and social relationships within a group. It is used to identify repetitive patterns of behavior and to recognize hereditary tendencies.

Genogram Symbols : 

Genogram Symbols

Children and Birth Symbols : 

Children and Birth Symbols

Twins and Triplets : 

Twins and Triplets

General Symbols : 

General Symbols

Husband with three spouses : 

Husband with three spouses

Wife with multiple husbands : 

Wife with multiple husbands

Four Generation Genogram : 

Four Generation Genogram