Trade Unions & Movement in India

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Trade Unions:

Trade Unions Formed to protect and promote the interests of their members Primary function is to protect the interests of workers against discrimination and unfair labor practices Objectives: Representation (Workers’ Interests) Negotiation (Collective Bargaining) Voice in decisions (Lay off, Retrenchment) affecting workers Member Service (Education, Training, Welfare, Discounts, Loans) Functions: i) Militant functions, (ii) Fraternal functions

Importance of Trade Unions:

Importance of Trade Unions For industrial peace Decisions taken through the process of collective bargaining and negotiations between employer and unions are more influential Effective communication between the workers and the management Economic development Recruitment & selection Discipline among workforce Settlement of ID in rational manner

Purpose of Trade Unions:

Purpose of Trade Unions Employment Protection and Job Creation. Economic Protection. Social Status - Identity. Political Role - Democratic Institution Societal Obligation - Transformation. Competitiveness / Sustainable Development.

Why do people join Union? :

Why do people join Union? Greater Bargaining Power Minimize Discrimination Sense of Security Sense of Participation Sense of Belongingness Platform for self expression Betterment of relationships

Multiple Unions: Causes:

Multiple Unions: Causes Membership related Issues Discontent Leadership Related Issues Avenues, intra union fights, leadership issues Political Issues Regional, Organizational Limitations Legal

Multiple Union: Solution:

Multiple Union: Solution Suggested: One Industry - One Union You may have any number of registered unions Recognition is the key


SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OF UNIONS Wage & salary bargaining Fight for continuous improvement in employee benefits Improving working conditions at work place Improving welfare, healthcare & recreation facilities, and leisure at workplace Increasing rest periods, holidays, paid leave and time-offs


SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OF UNIONS Decreasing working hours, work load esp. manual, and hazardous working conditions Improving career and salary rise prospects & job security Protecting employees against arbitrary / unjust actions of Management

Major Trade Union Organizations :

Major Trade Union Organizations AITUC (All India Trade Union Congress) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Sabha All India Council of Central Trade Unions All India United Trade Union Centre United Trade Union Centre All India federations of banks, insurance, railways, defence, telecom, airline and airports. Centre of Indian Trade Unions -president M.K. Pandhe

Trade Union Movement in the early years:

Trade Union Movement in the early years Bombay Mill Hands Association was followed by: Amalgamated society of railway Servants in India, 1897 The Printer’s Union of Calcutta, 1905 The Madras and Calcutta Postal Union, 1907 The Kamgar Hitwardhak Sabha 1910

Eight Core Rights (ILO) :

Eight Core Rights (ILO) 29- Forced on Compulsory Labour. 87 Freedom of Association. 98 Right for Collective Bargaining. 100 Equal Remuneration. 105 Abolition of Forced Labour. 111 Discrimination in Employment. 138 Minimum Age for Employment. 182 Worst forms of Child Labour Convention.

Emergence and Development of TU:

Emergence and Development of TU First cotton mill in India was established in 1851 in Bombay and the first jute mill in 1855 in Bengal First Factory Commission was appointed in Bombay in the year 1875 First Factories Act was passed in 1881 Was dissapaointing Second Factory Commission was appointed in 1884 Mr. Lokhandey organised a conference of workers in Bombay and drew up a memorandum signed by some 5,300 to present to the Commission This was the first organized effort by workers in India However, no roll or membership, no funds and no rules.

Emergence and Development of TU Contd.:

Emergence and Development of TU Contd. Printers’ Union, Calcutta - 1905 Kamgar Hitwardhak Sabha - 1910 Social Service League – 1910 The amalgamated societyof railway servants of India and Burma Were essentially labour welfare organisations and may hardly be regarded as modern trade unions Marjory called as Social welfare period

Present Central Trade Union Organizations :

Present Central Trade Union Organizations All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU) National Labor Organization (NLO) Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)

Some Figures of Trade Unions:

Some Figures of Trade Unions

Problems for Trade Union Growth:

Problems for Trade Union Growth Off-Centering Labour Segmentation of Workforce Core / Periphery Employment Instability Investment Attraction Individualisation of Labour Relations Labour Cost Cutting Leadership Credibility/ Inside vs. Outside leadership Failure of Institutions Emergence of Non-union firms/ E-union/ Cyber-union

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