Material for building houses and Types of houses

Category: Education

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Materials For Building Houses

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Fabric The circular yurt The conical teepee

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low clay soil is usually associated with sod building. The other main ingredients include more or less sand / gravel  and straw/grasses. Mud and clay Larger amounts of clay usually mean using the cob/adobe style

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Thatch Thatch is one of the oldest of building materials known; grass is a good insulator and easily harvested.

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Rock Circular huts were constructed from loose granite rocks throughout the Neolithic and early Bronze Age, and the remains of an estimated 5,000 can still be seen today. Rock structures have existed for as long as history can recall. It is the longest lasting building material available, and is usually readily available. Slate is another stone type ,used as roofingmaterial in the United Kingdom and other parts of the world where it is found . Mostly stone buildings such as the Pyramids in Egypt, the Aztec pyramids and the remains of the Inca civilization.

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KILN WORKERS A brick is a rectangular block of clay baked in the sun or in specially made ovens called a kiln. Brick

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Glass Glass "curtain walls" can be used to cover the entire facade of a building, or it can be used to span over a wide roof structure in a "space frame ". Glassmaking is considered an art form as well as an industrial process or material.

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Foam synthetic polystyrene or polyurethanefoam has been used in combination with structural materials, such as concrete. It is light weight, easily shaped and an excellent insulator.

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Metal . Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, and is the usual choice for metal structural building materials. It is strong, flexible, and if refined well and/or treated lasts a long time. Corrosion is metal's prime enemy when it comes to longevity . Metal is used as structural framework for larger buildings such as skyscrapers, or as an external surface covering

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Cement composites Cement bonded composites are made of hydrated cement paste that binds wood or alike particles or fibers to make pre-cast building components. Various fiberous materials including paper and fiberglass have been used as binders.

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Plastic The general uniformity of composition and lightness of plastics ensures their use in almost all industrial applications today.

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Ice ice was used by the Inuit for igloos

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Brush Brush structures are built entirely from plant parts and are generally found in tropical and sub-tropical areas, such as rainforests, where very large leaves can be used in the building.

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IMPORTANT FACTORS IN BUILDING A HOUSE Climate Availability of material Special needs of a place

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OCCUPATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDING Architect Plumber Electrician Bricklayer

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Eco-friendly green brick Brick that is made by using waste products of coal power plant. It is green in colour and is called GREEN BRICK. It was founded by a retired engineer Henry Liu. Use solar energy for heating the building during winters. Have greater ventilation and cross ventilation for sunlight and fresh air. Use locally available material for construction. It saves the cost of transportation and reduces pollution.

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