Robert Louis Stevenson

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Robert Louis Stevenson a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer.

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Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson  :

Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson    http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/pictures/robert_louis_stevenson.jpg

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Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson  was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer. His best-known books include  Treasure Island ,  Kidnapped , and the  Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde . http://people.brandeis.edu/~teuber/stevens.jpg

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Born – 13 th November 1850 Edinburgh, Scotland Died - 3 rd December 1894 (aged 44) Vailima, Samoa http://www.robert-louis-stevenson.org/images/banners/life.jpg

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Robert Louis Stevenson was born to Thomas and Margaret Isabella Balfour Stevenson in Edinburgh on 13 November 1850. Daguerreotype portrait of Robert Louis Stevenson as a young child

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Stevenson was largely raised by his nanny, Alison Cunningham. Since his childhood, Stevenson suffered from tuberculosis. In 1867 at the age of seventeen, he entered Edinburgh University to study engineering. Due to his ill health, he had to abandon his plans to follow in his father's footsteps. Stevenson changed to law and in 1875 he was called to the Scottish bar. By then he had already started to write travel sketches, essays, and short stories for magazines. His first articles were published in  The Edinburgh University Magazine  (1871) and  The Portfolio  (1873). Robert Louis Stevenson's Life

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In a attempt to improve his health, Stevenson travelled on the Continent and in the Scottish Highland. These trips provided him with many insights and inspiration for his writing. http://freepages.books.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~rgrosser/rls.jpg

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Stevenson's own early favorite books, which influenced his imagination and thinking, included :- Shakespeare's  Hamlet , Dumas's adventure tale of the elderly D'Artagan ,  Vicomte de Bragelone , Walt Whitman's  Leaves of Grass , And also Montaigne's   Essais  and the Gospel according to St. Matthew were very important for him.

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An account of Stevenson's canoe tour of France and Belgium was published in 1878 as AN INLAND VOYAGE . It was followed by TRAVELS WITH A DONKEY IN THE CÉVENNES , based on his walking trip in France, during which he learned to control himself as well as his stubborn donkey. Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes An Inland Voyage

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While in France Stevenson met Fanny Vandegrift Osbourne , a married woman with two children, Fanny was 10 years older than Stevenson, he viewed her as an "exotic goddess". She returned to the United States to get a divorce. In 1879 Stevenson followed her to California, and then married in 1880 .

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Stevenson took up a number of positions writing for various newspapers and magazines including  The Cornhill Magazine . In 1880 the Stevenson travelled back to Europe, living for a time in Bournemouth, England where he met fellow author Henry James .  Henry James Jr. Robert Louis

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For the next seven years, between 1880 and 1887, Stevenson searched in vain for a place of residence suitable to his state of health. He spent his summers at various places in Scotland and England, including Westbourne, Dorset, a residential area in Bournemouth. For his winters, he escaped to sunny France and lived at Davos-Platz and the Chalet de Solitude at Hyeres, where, for a time, he enjoyed almost complete happiness.

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Throughout his life he travelled to warmer climes for respite.  Whether in the south of France or the South Seas, Stevenson wrote numerous novels, stories, and collections of essays based on his travels.

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In 1890 he purchased four hundred acres (about 1.6 square kilometers) of land in  Upolu , one of the Samoan islands.  that would be the setting for his mansion "Vailima" (Five Rivers) in the village of same name. He had nearly 20 servants and was known as ' Tusitala ' or 'Teller of the Tales '. http://i88.photobucket.com/albums/k182/maex1121/DSC03194.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stevenson_vailima.jpg

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Unfinished manuscripts at the time of his death at age forty-four, including  Weir of Hermiston  (1896) . Other popular novels include his Scottish historical tales of David Balfour in  Kidnapped  (1886 ) and its sequel  Catriona  (1893), and his study of split-personality, good versus evil in  Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde  (1886). Stevenson died of a brain haemorrhage on December 3, 1894.

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Stevenson has an important place in the history of the short story in the British Isles: the form had been elaborated and developed in America, France and Russia from the mid-19th century, but it was Stevenson who initiated the British tradition. http://i86.photobucket.com/albums/k112/Lang638/RobertLouisStevenson.jpg

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His first published fictional narrative was :- " A Lodging for the Night " (1877), a short story originally published in a magazine, like other early narrative works. http://g-ecx.images-amazon.com/images/G/01/ciu/92/72/c20b923f8da0178c4741a010.L._SL500_AA300_.jpg

“The Pavilion on the Links”(1880):

“ The Pavilion on the Links ”(1880) http://i6.bibtopia.com/b/330m/134046330-0-m.jpg , http://i3.bibtopia.com/b/572m/4563572-0-m.jpg , http://i3.bibtopia.com/o/719/888/9780670888719.OL.jpg “ Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde " (1886) " The Bottle Imp " (1891)

For more information check out the site dedicated to Robert Louis Stevenson :

For more information check out the site dedicated to Robert Louis Stevenson  http://www.robert-louis-stevenson.org/ http://www.edinburghseasons.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/robert-louis-stevenson.jpg

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