3 Human Trafficking

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Human Trafficking

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Introduction. "Around the world, millions of people are living in bondage. They labor in fields and factories under brutal employers who threaten them with violence if they try to escape. They work in homes for families that keep them virtually imprisoned . They are forced to work as prostitutes or to beg in the streets, fearful of the consequences if they fail to earn their daily quota. They are women, men, and children of all ages, and they are often held far from home with no money, no connections, and no way to ask for help. This is modern slavery, a crime that spans the globe, providing ruthless employers with an endless supply of people to abuse for financial gain. Human trafficking is a crime with many victims: not only those who are trafficked, but also the families they leave behind, some of whom never see their loved ones again.

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OFFICIAL :- Meaning of Human Trafficking Human Trafficking is a crime against humanity. Human trafficking is the illegal trade of human beings for the purposes of reproductive slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, forced labor, or a modern-day form of slavery. It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims.

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Three C onstituent E lements The Act (What is done) Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons The Means (How it is done) Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim The Purpose (Why it is done) For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs.

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What do we really know about sex trafficking? Although trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation is a global problem, hard statistics on the numbers of women involved, and in which countries, are close to impossible to come by: • It is an illegal, underground business, and it is difficult to extrapolate the scale of the problem from statistics on arrests and convictions, because many victims don't come forward for fear of retribution •The UNESCO TRAFFICKING STATISTICS PROJECT is a first step toward clarifying what we know, what we think we know, and what we don't know about trafficking.

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HUMAN TRAFFICKING: THE FACTS An estimated 2.5 million people are in forced labour (including sexual exploitation) at any given time as a result of trafficking Of these: 56% - are in Asia and the Pacific 10% - are in Latin America and the Caribbean 9.2% - are in the Middle East and Northern Africa 5.2% - are in sub-Saharan countries 10.8% - are in industrialized countries 8% - are in countries in transition 161 countries are reported to be affected by human trafficking by being a source, transit or destination. People are reported to be trafficked from 127 countries to be exploited in 137 countries, affecting every continent and every type of economy

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The Victims •The majority of trafficking victims are between 18 and 24 years of age •An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each year •95% of victims experienced physical or sexual violence during trafficking (based on data from selected European countries) •43% of victims are used for forced commercial sexual exploitation, of whom 98 per cent are women and girls •32% of victims are used for forced economic exploitation, of whom 56 per cent are women and girls •Many trafficking victims have at least middle-level education

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Profits •Estimated global annual profits made from the exploitation of all trafficked forced labour are US$ 31.6 billion Of this: US$ 15.5 billion - is generated in industrialized economies US$ 9.7 billion – is generated in Asia and the Pacific US$ 1.3 billion – is generated in Latin America and the Caribbean US$ 1.6 billion – is generated in sub-Saharan Africa US$ 1.5 billion – is generated in the Middle East and North Africa We know what works. We can begin to defeat sex trafficking if we severely punish its national and multi-national profiteers, arrest its customers, offer a way out to its prisoners, and create self-respecting economic alternatives for girls and women who are at risk. The question is: "Will we?

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TRAFFICKING IN INDIA: India is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. NGOs estimate this problem affects 20 to 65 million Indians. India is also a destination for women and girls trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Children are subjected to forced labor in various industries. There are also victims of labor trafficking among the thousands of Indians who heavily migrate willingly every year for work as domestic servants and low-skilled laborers such workers are the victims of fraudulent recruitment practices that lead them directly into situations of forced labor, including debt bondage; in other cases, high debts incurred to pay recruitment fees leave them vulnerable to exploitation by unscrupulous employers in the destination countries, where some are subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude, including non-payment of wages, restrictions on movement, unlawful withholding of passports, and physical or sexual abuse.

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GOVT STEPS: The Government of India prohibits some forms of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation through the Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act (ITPA). Prescribed penalties :Acc .to the ITPA it is ranging from seven years’ to life imprisonment . India also prohibits bonded and forced labor through the Bonded Labor Abolition Act, the Child Labor Act, and the Juvenile Justice Act. These laws are ineffectually enforced, however, and their prescribed penalties — a maximum of three years in prison —are not sufficiently stringent. Indian authorities also use Sections 366(A) and 372 of the Indian Penal Code, prohibiting kidnapping and selling minors into prostitution respectively, to arrest traffickers . Penalties under these provisions are a maximum of ten years’ imprisonment and a fine. India’s Central Bureau of Investigation incorporated anti-trafficking training into its standard curriculum. In November, the State of Maharashtra developed an action plan to combat trafficking; it did not, however, allocate appropriate funding to accomplish the objectives of this plan.

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“ Human Trafficking exits Only because we choose To ignore it .Hence like Cancer it keeps Growing .”

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Measures to be taken for public Awareness Spread Information of regarding risk of becoming a victim. Spread information regarding risk of getting involved in trafficking business. Spread information regarding rights of victims. Information regarding punishment for engaging in commercial sex. Method of information of reporting a recruitment activities. Information as hotline and available victim services.

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The End Thank You