political science

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By: RAJENDRAPRASADMEENA (107 month(s) ago)


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National Parties In : 

National Parties In I N D I A

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- 5,000 year old civilization 325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects 18 official languages 29 states, 5 union territories 3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area 7,516 kilometers - Coastline 1,000,000,000 people in 2000 History Of India

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Parliamentary form of Government Secular democratic constitution Worlds largest democracy since 55 years 4th largest economy Fastest growing IT super power Indian Railways ,the biggest employer in the world.

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What Is NATIONAL PARTY? National parties are political parties which participate in different elections held all over India. Some of the national parties have their origin even before India's independence.

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National Parties Indian National Congress – (INC, led by Sonia Gandhi) Bharatiya Janata Party – ("Indian People's Party", BJP, led by Rajnath Singh) Bahujan Samaj Party – ("Majoritarian Society Party", BSP, led by Mayawati) Nationalist Congress Party - (NCP, led by Sharad Pawar)

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Communist Party of India (Marxist) - (CPI(M), led by Prakash Karat) Communist Party of India- (CPI, led by Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan) Rashtriya Janata Dal - (RJD, led by Lalu Prasad Yadav) Samajwadi Party - (SP, led by Mulayam Singh Yadav)

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Indian National Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India . Founded in 1885 by Dadabhai Naoroji , Dinshaw Wacha, Womesh Chandra Bonerjee, Surendranath Banerjee, Monomohun Ghose, Allan Octavian Hume, and William Wedderburn, the Indian National Congress became the leader of the Indian Independence Movement, with over 15 million members and over 70 million participants in its struggle against British rule in India. After independence in 1947, it became the nation's dominant political party, challenged for leadership only in more recent decades. In the 14th Lok Sabha (2004-2009), 145 members (out of 545), the largest contingent amongst all parties, serve in the house. The party is currently the chief member of the ruling United Progressive Alliance coalition. It is the only party to get more than 10 crore votes in the past two general elections (1999, 2004) INTRODUCTION OF INC

Bharatiya Janata Party : 

Bharatiya Janata Party

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The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (Hindi: ?????? ???? ?????? [?????], translation: Indian People's Party), founded in 1980, is a major political party of India. Designed to represent the country's majority community and Centre-right in nature, the party advocates conservative social policies, self reliance, robust economic growth, foreign policy driven by a nationalist agenda, and strong national defense. The party has a strong relation with the Sangh Parivar, in which the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh plays a leading role. The BJP, in alliance with several other parties, was in power from 1998 to 2004, with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister and Lal Krishna Advani as his deputy. It is the biggest constituent of the National Democrati Alliance which currently is in the opposition. INTRODUCTION OF BJP

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The Bahujan Samaj Party (Hindi: ????? ???? ??????) is a national political party in India with socialist leanings. It was formed to chiefly represent Bahujans (OBC, SC, ST & Minorities), who are thought by some to be at the bottom of the Indian caste system, and claims to be inspired by the philosophy of Ambedkar. The BSP was founded by the high-profile charismatic leader Kanshi Ram in 1984. The party's political symbol is an elephant. In the 13th Lok Sabha (1999-2004) it had 14 (out of 545) members and currently in the 14th Lok Sabha has 17. The party has its main base in Uttar Pradesh of Indian state, in UP the BSP has formed government several times. Mayawati is the President of the party and has been so for many years. The deep and mutual hostility between the BSP and the Samajwadi Party – the other leading state party in Uttar Pradesh, whose support is mainly obtained from the OBC has led the BSP into allying itself many times with its erstwhile ideological enemies, the BJP. On 23 June 2008, the party withdrew support of a Congress led alliance called the United Progressive UPA in the Indian Government. INTRODUCTION OF BSP

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NCP was formed on May 25, 1999, by Sharad Pawar, P.A. Sangma, and Tariq Anwar after they were expelled from the Indian National Congress (INC) for disputing the right of Italian-born Sonia Gandhi to lead the party. At the time of formation, the party also absorbed Indian Congress (Socialist) - which traced its origins to anti-Gandhi Congress of 1977-78. P.A. Sangma, however, quit the NCP in 2004 (and joined All India Trinamul Congress) over differences with Sharad Pawar on NCP's closing in with the INC. Owning to its leaders' respective support bases, particularly Sharad Pawar, NCP has significant presence in the state of Maharashtra. The NCP advertises itself as a progressive, secular party that stands for "democracy, Gandhian secularism, equity, social justice, and federalism." It positions itself as a moderate, centrist alternative to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the INC. The party's election symbol is an analog clock that reads 10:10. In the 2004 Indian General Election, which it fought in alliance in Congress, the party won nine seats and 1.8% of the vote. Since 2004, NCP has been a member of the United Progressive Alliance, which governs the country. The party is also a coalition partner in the state of Maharashtra in alliance with INC. INTODUCTION OF NCP

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The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M) or CPM) is a political party in India. It has a strong presence in the states of Kerala, West Bengal and Tripura. As of 2008, CPI(M) is leading the state governments in these three states. The party emerged out of a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964. CPI(M) claimed to have 982,155 members in 2007. INTRODUCTION OF CPI(M)

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The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a political party in India. In the Indian communist movement, there are different views on exactly when the Indian communist party was founded. The date maintained as the foundation day by CPI is 26 December 1925. But the Communist Party of India (Marxist), which split-off from the CPI, claims that the party was founded in 1920. INTRODUCTION OF CPI

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The Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD- "National People's Party") is a political party in India. The party was founded in 1997 by Laloo Prasad Yadav. The party came about as a result of Lalu Prasad Yadav, ex-president of Janata Dal, being evicted by Sharad Yadav, the then president, on corruption charges ($250 million) over the farm support funds. The mass base of the party has traditionally been Yadavs and Muslims, two large and relatively politically active segments of Bihar's population. In 2008, RJD received the status of recognized national level party following its performance in north-eastern states. INTRODUCTION OF RJD

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Samajwadi Party (literally, Socialist Party) is a political party in India. It is based in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It describes itself as a democratic socialist party. It was founded on October 4, 1992. The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League), India's primary opposition party prior to the BJP, fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by Mulayam Singh Yadav, a former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and a former defence minister of the country. ITRODUCTION OF SAMAJWADI PARTY

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