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Finding Art and Artists in the South of France : 

Finding Art and Artists in the South of France

Slide 2: 

During a trip to France 8 years ago, my husband Julius and I particularly enjoyed going to sites associated with Claude Monet.

His house at Giverny… : 

His house at Giverny…

…and its garden. : 

…and its garden.

We walked the Normandy cliffs Monet painted. : 

We walked the Normandy cliffs Monet painted.

We compared our view of Etretat... : 

We compared our view of Etretat...

Slide 7: 

…with his artistic vision.

Slide 8: 

During a recent vacation in Provence and the Riviera, we wanted to visit places associated with some of our favorite artists: Vincent van Gogh Paul Cezanne Marc Chagall Henri Matisse

Slide 9: 

We could only travel by train and local bus, so we limited our stay to three cities, each with artistic attractions: Avignon Aix-en-Provence Nice

Slide 10: 

Provence includes Avignon Arles St. Remy Pont du Gard Aix-en-Provence and the Rhone River

Avignon : 

Avignon Best known as the city of the Popes

Avignon is located on the Rhone River. : 

Avignon is located on the Rhone River.

Sur le pont d’AvignonOn se danse… : 

Sur le pont d’AvignonOn se danse…

Slide 14: 

The bridge originally had 12 arches and connected the city with the island and the tower of Philippe le Bel on the far bank.

Avignon was and still is a walled city. : 

Avignon was and still is a walled city.

In addition to churches and palaces… : 

In addition to churches and palaces…

…Avignon has lively street life. : 

…Avignon has lively street life.

The Pope’s palace is just around the corner. : 

The Pope’s palace is just around the corner.

The enormous rock behind the Pope’s palace has been turned into a park. : 

The enormous rock behind the Pope’s palace has been turned into a park.

From the park you look across the river to Villeneuve… : 

From the park you look across the river to Villeneuve…

…and Fort St. Andre. : 

…and Fort St. Andre.

Arles : 

Arles Our first trip out of town was by train to Arles.

Arles is a very old town on the Rhone River with a Roman Amphitheater. : 

Arles is a very old town on the Rhone River with a Roman Amphitheater.

The Amphitheater was closed for restoration. : 

The Amphitheater was closed for restoration.

It will look good when it is finished. : 

It will look good when it is finished.

Arles has narrow streets and colorful houses. : 

Arles has narrow streets and colorful houses.

Slide 30: 

Van Gogh painted the narrow streets as a night scene.

Slide 31: 

Vincent van Gogh 1853 - 1890

Vincent van Gogh lived and worked in Arles and St. Remy. : 

Vincent van Gogh lived and worked in Arles and St. Remy.

After he was influenced by the Impressionists, van Gogh went south to paint. : 

After he was influenced by the Impressionists, van Gogh went south to paint.

He stayed in the Yellow House… : 

He stayed in the Yellow House…

…and decorated it with pictures of sunflowers. : 

…and decorated it with pictures of sunflowers.

He painted this view of Arles seen across the wheat fields. : 

He painted this view of Arles seen across the wheat fields.

Arles is protected by a high stone flood wall. Van Gogh painted this same scene at night…. : 

Arles is protected by a high stone flood wall. Van Gogh painted this same scene at night….

Cypresses are everywhere in Provence. : 

Cypresses are everywhere in Provence.

Van Gogh painted the cypresses in many moods. : 

Van Gogh painted the cypresses in many moods.

He painted the garden of the Arles hospital where he was treated. : 

He painted the garden of the Arles hospital where he was treated.

The garden is maintained now as it was when van Gogh knew it. : 

The garden is maintained now as it was when van Gogh knew it.

We enjoyed a coffee break in the hospital arcade. : 

We enjoyed a coffee break in the hospital arcade.

Slide 45: 

After his breakdown in Arles, van Gogh entered a mental hospital in St. Remy. St. Remy

While there, van Gogh painted the hospital and the local landscape. : 

While there, van Gogh painted the hospital and the local landscape.

On market day in St. Remy… : 

On market day in St. Remy…

…we walked in the sunshine… : 

…we walked in the sunshine…

…and saw groves of olive trees. : 

…and saw groves of olive trees.

Could they have been the ones van Gogh painted? : 

Could they have been the ones van Gogh painted?

We found van Gogh’s landscapes. : 

We found van Gogh’s landscapes.

His troubled mind interpreted the hills as a troubled scene. : 

His troubled mind interpreted the hills as a troubled scene.

We also found evidence of more recent troubles than van Gogh’s. : 

We also found evidence of more recent troubles than van Gogh’s.

Pont du Gard : 

Pont du Gard From Avignon, you can take a bus to the Roman aqueduct.

Unlike the Roman amphitheater, the 2000-year-old aqueduct was open for business. : 

Unlike the Roman amphitheater, the 2000-year-old aqueduct was open for business.

Visitors can cross the river on a road above the first row of arches. : 

Visitors can cross the river on a road above the first row of arches.

So we joined the walkers…. : 

So we joined the walkers….

…and enjoyed the view! : 

…and enjoyed the view!

Aix-en-Provence : 

Aix-en-Provence Aix-en-Provence is the political and cultural capital of the region.

Aix is a city of fountains, some of them very complex. : 

Aix is a city of fountains, some of them very complex. The ladies represent culture, justice and (probably) tourism.

Some fountains are simple – clean and green. : 

Some fountains are simple – clean and green.

This one honors Paul Cezanne. : 

This one honors Paul Cezanne.

Slide 64: 

Paul Cezanne 1839 - 1906

Born in Aix-en-Provence, Cezanne lived there most of his life. : 

Born in Aix-en-Provence, Cezanne lived there most of his life.

Aix invites you to walk in Cezanne’s footsteps in his native town. : 

Aix invites you to walk in Cezanne’s footsteps in his native town.

Cezanne was born in this house in 1839. : 

Cezanne was born in this house in 1839.

He ate at this café– the prices were probably better then. : 

He ate at this café– the prices were probably better then.

He painted his early pictures at the family’s country house. : 

He painted his early pictures at the family’s country house.

He died in this house in 1906. : 

He died in this house in 1906.

In 1902 Cezanne built a studio where he painted large canvasses and still lifes. : 

In 1902 Cezanne built a studio where he painted large canvasses and still lifes.

Tourists line up to visit his studio now. The objects Cezanne painted are still there. : 

Tourists line up to visit his studio now. The objects Cezanne painted are still there.

Cezanne preferred to paint out of doors. : 

Cezanne preferred to paint out of doors.

We saw the bridge he painted… : 

We saw the bridge he painted…

…and visited the abandoned quarry where he rented a hut. : 

…and visited the abandoned quarry where he rented a hut.

Colors and shapes of the quarry appear in Cezanne’s paintings. : 

Colors and shapes of the quarry appear in Cezanne’s paintings.

Artists are still working in the quarry. : 

Artists are still working in the quarry.

From the quarry Cezanne had a partial view of Mt. St. Victoire. : 

From the quarry Cezanne had a partial view of Mt. St. Victoire.

He painted that view. : 

He painted that view.

The mountain was his favorite subject - he painted it many times. : 

The mountain was his favorite subject - he painted it many times.

The shape of the mountain changes with your angle of view. : 

The shape of the mountain changes with your angle of view.

Cezanne used color to define the shape of the mountain. : 

Cezanne used color to define the shape of the mountain.

Slide 92: 

Pablo Picasso? He is here too.

Picasso is buried at this chateau which he owned on the side of Mt. St. Victoire. : 

Picasso is buried at this chateau which he owned on the side of Mt. St. Victoire.

Slide 94: 

The Riviera or Cote d’Azur includes Nice St. Paul Vence and the Mediterranean Sea

Nice : 

Nice

Nice has promenades and views... : 

Nice has promenades and views...

…and a picturesque old town section. : 

…and a picturesque old town section.

The beaches are beautiful in the tourist brochure. : 

The beaches are beautiful in the tourist brochure.

Reality is somewhat rocky. : 

Reality is somewhat rocky.

Ouch! : 

Ouch!

We took the bus back into the hills to the medieval town of St. Paul. : 

We took the bus back into the hills to the medieval town of St. Paul.

Marc Chagall’s last home was in St. Paul. : 

Marc Chagall’s last home was in St. Paul.

St. Paul is a walled town… : 

St. Paul is a walled town…

…with narrow streets…. : 

…with narrow streets….

…and local color. : 

…and local color.

Slide 108: 

Marc Chagall 1887 - 1985

Marc Chagall lived on the Cote d”Azur during his last 35 years. : 

Marc Chagall lived on the Cote d”Azur during his last 35 years.

His early pictures derive from Jewish life in his native Vitebsk. : 

His early pictures derive from Jewish life in his native Vitebsk.

Some are fantastic and not pleasant… : 

Some are fantastic and not pleasant…

…while others are dreamily beautiful. : 

…while others are dreamily beautiful.

Slide 114: 

Chagall was not limited to Jewish themes. He designed windows for Christian churches and stage sets for Mozart’s opera, The Magic Flute.

Nice has a museum devoted to Chagall. : 

Nice has a museum devoted to Chagall.

The Museum displays Chagall’s paintings… : 

The Museum displays Chagall’s paintings…

…windows… : 

…windows…

…and a special mosaic wall he created just for the Museum. : 

…and a special mosaic wall he created just for the Museum.

Henri Matisse1869 - 1954 : 

Henri Matisse1869 - 1954

Matisse lived in Nice off and on from the time of World War I. : 

Matisse lived in Nice off and on from the time of World War I.

This modern artist had an apartment in the 1897 La Regina. : 

This modern artist had an apartment in the 1897 La Regina.

Slide 129: 

Nice also has a museum devoted entirely to the works of Henri Matisse.

The Matisse Museum has Roman ruins right in the neighborhood. : 

The Matisse Museum has Roman ruins right in the neighborhood.

The Museum itself occupies a 17th century villa. : 

The Museum itself occupies a 17th century villa.

In his long life, Matisse worked in many different styles. : 

In his long life, Matisse worked in many different styles.

He drew. : 

He drew.

He sculpted. : 

He sculpted.

He was decorative…. : 

He was decorative….

…as well as dramatic. : 

…as well as dramatic.

The Museum shows many examples of his work, some with the related objects. : 

The Museum shows many examples of his work, some with the related objects.

We especially liked his cut-outs – they express his joy in life. : 

We especially liked his cut-outs – they express his joy in life.

Vence is in the hills, on beyond St. Paul. : 

Vence is in the hills, on beyond St. Paul. Vence

Slide 141: 

Matisse’s last major project was to design and decorate the Chapelle du Rosaire, located in Vence.

The Chapel is modest in size, attached to an older church. : 

The Chapel is modest in size, attached to an older church.

Trees and a large street lamp distract from the lovely spire. : 

Trees and a large street lamp distract from the lovely spire.

Here is a view from the other side. : 

Here is a view from the other side.

The interior is white, with black decorations. : 

The interior is white, with black decorations.

The stained glass warms the space… : 

The stained glass warms the space…

…reflecting colored light on the walls and floor. : 

…reflecting colored light on the walls and floor.

Matisse called this window his Tree of Life. : 

Matisse called this window his Tree of Life.

He designed every detail, including this altar cloth… : 

He designed every detail, including this altar cloth…

…and vestments for the clergy. : 

…and vestments for the clergy.

Slide 151: 

A final thought. When you go to Nice, take time to enjoy its architectural variety. Between the Romans and the Modernists you can find a wondrous variety of decorated buildings.

You’ll see shutters… : 

You’ll see shutters…

…and iron work... : 

…and iron work...

…with great detail, inside… : 

…with great detail, inside…

…and out. : 

…and out.

Miles Davis blows his horn by the azure sea. : 

Miles Davis blows his horn by the azure sea.

The art deco spirit lives… : 

The art deco spirit lives…

…and the eagle has landed! : 

…and the eagle has landed!

The End : 

The End

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