Cyberbullying

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Cyberbullying : 

Cyberbullying Calvin Armstrong & Daniel Cunitz EDUC813 Professor Degatano

Bullying Then… : 

Bullying Then… Bullying is aggressive behavior that is intentional and involves an imbalance of power and strength.

Bullying Then… : 

Bullying Then… Usually it is repeated over time. Traditional bullying has involved such actions as: hitting (physical) teasing (verbal) Intimidation social exclusion

Bullying Now… : 

Bullying Now… CyberBullying is bullying that occurs through the tools provided by the internet It is faceless Anonymous in many cases Persistent and can occur 24/7/365 Can be automated

Cyberbullying can involve… : 

Cyberbullying can involve… Sending mean, vulgar, or threatening messages or images; Posting sensitive, private information about another person; Pretending to be someone else in order to make that person look bad; Intentionally excluding someone from an online group.

The medium forms the message : 

The medium forms the message Harassing Emails Instant Messages Text messages on cell phones Social networking sites Chatrooms Blogs There are slam sites devoted to abusing one or more individuals Interactive gaming Sending viruses

Abusing Personal Information : 

Abusing Personal Information There are many ways that cyberbullies are abusing personal information Identity theft (credit card, social security numbers, etc.) Email MySpace/Facebook Video/Photographs

How common is cyberbullying? : 

How common is cyberbullying? Know one really knows for sure because: of the anonymity allowed by the Internet much of the cyberbullying occurs in the privacy of the students’ homes little research has been conducted on cyberbullying

Middle School Victims : 

Middle School Victims 18% of students in grades 6-8 said they had been cyberbullied at least once in the last couple of months 6% said it had happened to them 2 or more times (Kowalski et al., 2005).

Middle School Bullies : 

Middle School Bullies 11% of students in grades 6-8 said they had cyberbullied another person at least once in the last couple of months 2% said they had done it two or more times (Kowalski et al., 2005).

Teenage Cyberbullying : 

Teenage Cyberbullying 19% of regular Internet users between the ages of 10 and 17 reported being involved in online aggression 15% had been aggressors 7% had been targets 3% were both aggressors and targets (Ybarra & Mitchell, 2004).

Teenage Cyberbullying : 

Teenage Cyberbullying 17% of 6-11 year-olds and 36% of 12-17-year-olds reported that someone said threatening or embarrassing things about them through e-mail, instant messages, web sites, chat rooms, or text messages (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, 2006).

Cyberbullying on the rise : 

Cyberbullying on the rise In nationally representative surveys of 10-17 year-olds: twice as many children and youth indicated that they had been victims and perpetrators of online harassment in 2005 compared with 1999/2000 (Wolak, Mitchell, & Finkelhor, 2006).

School Responses : 

School Responses School Liability Can occur on school property Can use school equipment Personal cell phones in school Require Schools to have policies Internet Usage Community standards for communication Cellphone/texting usage in schools Student safe space Ombudsman

Legal Standards : 

Legal Standards American Tinker standard – schools can ban speech if it will cause substantial disruption to the school mission Hazelwood standard – allows schools to impose educationally based restrictions on student speech Canadian Illegal to message someone repeatedly if it causes them to fear for their safety Violation of (Canadian) human rights if someone is spreading hate by insulting someone for their race, religion, sex, sexual orientation or because of a disability.

Rise of Girls… : 

Rise of Girls… Girls more often victims of cyberbullying IM and MySpace/Facebook “walls” Engage in passive-aggressive models Exclusion For example, everyone but victim receives notice of colour or dress choice for next day

British results (2005) : 

British results (2005)

The Megan Pledge : 

The Megan Pledge High profile cases involving not only students but adults bullying children The Megan Pledge http://www.myyearbook.com/meganpledge Megan Meier

What to do? : 

What to do? Educating kids about the consequences (losing their ISP or IM account) Educate children about the effects of bullying Teach empathy Teach kids about the law Technological controls Filters (but will they work?) Peer Counselors, Online Reporting Educating parents Teaching about proper online behavior Netiquette

Discouraging cyberbullying : 

Discouraging cyberbullying Guide for Teachers… Computers in the classroom should be within the visual field of the teacher. As a class, come up with the rules for netiquette. Post the rules in a public space. Internet usage should be focused and directed. Make sure that you have a goal in mind. Remind students… to never give out personal passwords. that if someone treats them rudely or meanly – that they should not respond. Online bullies are just like off-line. ones - they WANT you to answer (don't give them the satisfaction). to do their best to make sure that their messages are calmly and factually written. If they get frustrated you can tell them to “Drop the Mouse..move away from the computer…and no one gets hurt!” to not open messages from people they don't know.

Kids Help Phone : 

Kids Help Phone Resource for (Canadian) students Toll free phone counselling Online Q&A with counsellors “Choose your own form letter” to send to faculty/parents http://www.kidshelpphone.ca/en/informed/bullying/letterbuilder13up.asp

Resources : 

Resources Check these out later: www.wiredsafety.org www.netsmartz.org Article: Myspace to have safety plan PBS – Parent Guide to Children and Media

Public Service Ads : 

Public Service Ads AdCouncil Anti-Cyberbullying videos (USA) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=seOQyMvG99w http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QYaWNYXpBis Irish government ad http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKoUegW5cPE 2008 Sony Cyberbullying PSA Winners http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6KhXYwKPy8 Kids Help Phone Canada http://www.kidshelpphone.ca/en/videos/cyberbullying_boy.html http://www.kidshelpphone.ca/en/videos/cyberbullying_girl.html

Cyberbullying : 

Cyberbullying Any questions…

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