logging in or signing up Infectious Diseases siddharthprakash19 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 124 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: June 27, 2013 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: Prepared by: Siddharth Srivastav IX A 40 Kendriya Vidyalaya Vehicle Factory Jabalpur . INFECTIOUS DISEASES PowerPoint Presentation: Red - 40% Infectious Diseases. Blue - 60% Other Types Of Diseases. PowerPoint Presentation: According to WHO : Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms , such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when to transmitted humans. Infectious Disease Difference between infectious disease and others: Difference between infectious disease and others Other diseases Deals with one population Risk case Identifies causes Infectious disease Two or more populations A case is a risk factor The cause often known PowerPoint Presentation: Humans: Infectious agents: Helminths, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses. Vectors: Mosquito (protozoa-malaria), Blackfly (microfilaria-onchocerciasis) Animals: Dogs and sheep/goats – Echinococcus Mice and ticks – Borrelia infectious diseases infectious disease : infectious disease A case is a risk factor … Infection in one person can be transmitted to others Routes of transmission: Routes of transmission Direct Skin-skin Herpes type 1 Across placenta toxoplasmosis Through breast milk HIV Sneeze-cough Influenza Indirect Food-borne Salmonella Water-borne Hepatitis A Vector-borne Malaria Air-borne Chickenpox Exposure: A relevant contact – depends on the agent Skin, sexual intercourse, water contact, etc. PowerPoint Presentation: Agent Host Environment Age Sex G enotype Behaviour N utritional status Health status Infectivity Pathogenicit y Virulence Immunogenicit y Antigenic stabi lity Survival W eather Housing G eography Occupational setting A ir quality F ood Factors Influencing Disease Transmission PowerPoint Presentation: Infectious diseases according to its dangerous effects: Tuberculosis Malaria AIDS and Neglected Diseases PowerPoint Presentation: Understanding infectious disease Infectious diseases are responsible for the million of deaths each year in developing countries. More than 9 millions new cases of and 0.5 million new cases of drug resistance TB occur each year. Each year, there are 1.3 to 3 million malaria deaths , up to 5 million of cases of malaria reported in Africa. World Health Organization, December 2006. An estimated 39.5 million people are living with HIV . PowerPoint Presentation: Important increases in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, where there are some indications that infection rates have risen by more than 50% since 2004. In 2006, 2.9 million people died of AIDS-related illnesses. Young people (under 25 years old) account for half of all new HIV infections worldwide – around 6,000 become infected with HIV every day. There were 4.3 million new infections in 2006. CONTI… PowerPoint Presentation: AIDS PowerPoint Presentation: St. John‘s wort: St. John’s wort is widely prescribed by European physicians for its effectiveness in treating mild to moderate depression. It has gained popularity among AIDS sufferers and indeed, St. John’s wort demonstrates anti-viral and immune supportive properties in some studies. Herbal Supplementation of AIDS: PowerPoint Presentation: Olive oils: Olive trees are widely cultivated throughout Mediterranean countries for its universally popular fruit. But olive trees have more to offer that just the olive and its delicious, healthful oil. The olive leaf has been used as a traditional medicine in health conditions including malaria, infections, cardiovascular diseases, and for improving general well being. Olive leaf contains a key active ingredient called " oleuropein, " that may have anti-viral properties. PowerPoint Presentation: MALARIA PowerPoint Presentation: In vivo antimalarial activity of Vernonia amygdalina. ABSTRACT : Extracts from the leaves and root bark of Vernonia amygdalina are assessed for antimalarial activity against drug-sensitive Plasmodium berghei in mice. A leaf and root-bark extracts of 500 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg or 125 mg/kg are used in a four-day suppression test and a Rane test of established infection. Leaf extract produced 67% suppression of parasitaemia in the four-day test, while root-bark extract produced 53.5% suppression. These results are significant when compared to a placebo PowerPoint Presentation: Antimalarial activity of Tanzanian medicinal plants. ABSTRACT: Tanzanian medicinal plants were extracted and tested for in vitro antimalarial activity , using the multidrug resistant K1 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. Of 49 plants investigated, extracts of three plants were found to have an IC50 between 5-10 micrograms/ml, extracts of 18 other plants showed an IC50 between 10 and 50 micrograms/ml, all others were less active. The three most active extracts were obtained from the tubers of Cyperus rotundus (Cyperaceae), the rootbark of Hoslundia opposita . (Labiatae), and the rootbark of Lantana camara . PowerPoint Presentation: Marketed formulations PowerPoint Presentation: Fluerin plus: Black pepper 25% Kalmagh 15% Guduchi 15% Gund babul 10% Neem 10% Shyama tulsi 25% PowerPoint Presentation: Tuberculosis PowerPoint Presentation: Echinacea: 1) Used in Herbal Medicine to help fight off infections, especially of the upper respiratory tract. 2) Shorten the duration of upper respiratory tract infections. Wild rose: Supportive therapy in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (e.g. common colds) PowerPoint Presentation: Andrographis paniculata: Incease immunity. Black current: Helps to relieve the symptoms PowerPoint Presentation: Mutivitamins Vitamin A Vitamin B12 Vitamin C Vitamin E Selenium Zinc Beta Carotene L-Carnitine Coenzyme Q10 Omega-3, Omeba-6 N-Acetyle Cystene Lactobacillus acidophilus L-Glutamine Vitamin B1 Sterols Nutritional suplementation: used in neglected diseases PowerPoint Presentation: INFECTIOUS DISEASES PowerPoint Presentation: Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.