CROPPING SYSTEMS by shyam

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CROPPING SYSTEMSBASED ONMEDICINAL AND AROMATIC CROPS : 

CROPPING SYSTEMSBASED ONMEDICINAL AND AROMATIC CROPS SHYAM SOLANKI RH/06-35 H2

What is cropping system ???????? And how it is useful ???? Why it is essential???? : 

What is cropping system ???????? And how it is useful ???? Why it is essential????

The objective of any cropping system is efficient utilization of all resources viz. land, water, and solar radiation maintaining stability in production and obtaining higher net returns. The efficiency is measured by the quantity of produce obtained per unit resource in a unit time : 

The objective of any cropping system is efficient utilization of all resources viz. land, water, and solar radiation maintaining stability in production and obtaining higher net returns. The efficiency is measured by the quantity of produce obtained per unit resource in a unit time

HERBAL TEA- MEDICINAL TEA : 

HERBAL TEA- MEDICINAL TEA

Slide 9: 

ACCORDING TO SUITABILITY

Slide 10: 

RAINFED CROPPING SYSTEM

ALLEY CROPPING : 

ALLEY CROPPING

PASTURE BASED : 

PASTURE BASED

MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS SUITABLE FOR CROPPING SYESTEM : 

MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS SUITABLE FOR CROPPING SYESTEM In the diversification era of agriculture, growing of medicinal crops in the existing croppingsystems would be more appropriate to boost up farmers income and fulfill the nation’s domestic and export demand. The global demand of such products is rising substantially, therefore, appropriate agro-techniques need to be developed and standardized.

The cultivation of medicinal plants can be performed either by means of (1) monoculture or (2) intercropping techniques. Intercropping techniques are mainly adopted when the land area is limited. Intercropping techniques that are used with plants of shorter period to harvest will generate income for farmers during the waiting period before they can get income from the medicinal plants. : 

The cultivation of medicinal plants can be performed either by means of (1) monoculture or (2) intercropping techniques. Intercropping techniques are mainly adopted when the land area is limited. Intercropping techniques that are used with plants of shorter period to harvest will generate income for farmers during the waiting period before they can get income from the medicinal plants.

Slide 15: 

Other advantages of intercropping system include: (a) reduced risk of loss when the price of medicinal plants declines, (2) increased land productivity, and improved physical properties and preserved land due to low possibility of weed growing in the area. Plants that can be intercropped with medicinal plants include corn, beans, shallot, chillies, green beans, and sweet potato.

Slide 16: 

Nutrient management particularly in cropping system is an ideal and most important crop production technology but proven research findings are very few for medicinal plants which can be adopted. Mishra (1995) advocated theadvantages of nutrient management in cropping system as compared to individual crop basis. Therefore, present research work in medicinal plant based cropping system is proposed to select crops in cropping system which are sustained nutritional status of soil for longer time.

SELECTION OF CROPS : 

SELECTION OF CROPS SELECTION OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANT SPECIES DEPENDS UPON THE SOIL TYPE AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

ALOE : 

ALOE

ASHWAGANDHA : 

ASHWAGANDHA

SAFED MUSLI : 

SAFED MUSLI

SHANKHPUSHPI : 

SHANKHPUSHPI

SENNA : 

SENNA

Plantago ovata - isabgol : 

Plantago ovata - isabgol

Turmeric as a intercrop in teak plantation : 

Turmeric as a intercrop in teak plantation Cultivation of Medicinal Plants (turmeric) in Dry-land Farm Using Intercropping System With Teakwood

TEAK + TULSI : 

TEAK + TULSI

Slide 26: 

Tulsi’s extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for common colds, headaches, stomach disorders, inflammation, heart disease, various forms of poisoning, and malaria. Traditionally, tulsi is taken in many forms: as herbal tea, dried powder, fresh leaf, or mixed with ghee. Essential oil extracted from karpoora tulsi is mostly used for medicinal purposes and in herbal cosmetics, and is widely used in skin preparations due to its anti-bacterial activity. For centuries, the dried leaves of tulsi have been mixed with stored grains to repel insects.[9] Uses of Tulsi

Slide 27: 

Recent studies suggest that Tulsi may be a COX-2 inhibitor, like many modern painkillers, due to its high concentration of eugenol (1-hydroxy-2-methoxy-4-allylbenzene).[10][11] One study showed Tulsi to be an effective treatment for diabetes by reducing blood glucose levels.[12] The same study showed significant reduction in total cholesterol levels with Tulsi. Another study showed that Tulsi's beneficial effect on blood glucose levels is due to its antioxidant properties.[13] Tulsi also shows some promise for protection from radiation poisoning[14] and cataracts.[15] Some of the main chemical constituents of Tulsi are: Oleanolic acid, Ursolic acid, Rosmarinic acid, Eugenol, Carvacrol, Linalool, and β-caryophyllene.

Vasak ,pipli, sarpgandha : 

Vasak ,pipli, sarpgandha

Efficient use of land : 

Efficient use of land

OILPALM AND black pepper MULTICROPING cropping : 

OILPALM AND black pepper MULTICROPING cropping

PEPPER WITH ITS BERRIES : 

PEPPER WITH ITS BERRIES

VANILLA PLANIFOLIA WITH ARECA ( Glyricidia, jatropa, erythrina can be used ) : 

VANILLA PLANIFOLIA WITH ARECA ( Glyricidia, jatropa, erythrina can be used )

Senna with colocasia : 

Senna with colocasia

Waking up to herbal wealthThe three-day International Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants focused on enhancing cultivation and marketing of herbal plants in the country, which can be commercially viable for the farmer…………… : 

Waking up to herbal wealthThe three-day International Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants focused on enhancing cultivation and marketing of herbal plants in the country, which can be commercially viable for the farmer……………

HERBAL PATH: Cultivation of medicinal plants can lead to economic prosperity. : 

HERBAL PATH: Cultivation of medicinal plants can lead to economic prosperity.

Drylands are not wastelands : 

Drylands are not wastelands

Slide 37: 

MATERIALS AND METHODS :             Two years field experiments were conducted to evaluate suitability of medicinal plant based cropping systems for sustainable soil status at Crop Research Centre of G. B. Pant Univ. of Agric. & Tech., Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar, Uttaranchal. The experimental soil was clay loam.. The treatments, i.e., cropping systems, consists were rice-fenugreek; rice-buck wheat-moong; rice-european dill; rice-wheat; ocimum-wheat; brahmi-wheat and ocimum-lentil. Available nutrient status was determined before and after harvesting of crops in each cropping system by standard procedures.

Slide 38: 

GBPAU

Slide 39: 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION :   Organic carbon per cent (index of available N) showed non significant effect by different cropping systems in both the years. Available phosphorus significantly lowered in rice – wheat cropping system as compared to medicinal plant based cropping systems in both the years. Brahmi – wheat and Rice – European dill have higher value of available P as compared to other medicinal plant based cropping systems. Value of available potassium was also recorded lower in rice – wheat cropping system as compared to medicinal plant based cropping systems. Highest value of available potassium was observed in Brahmi – wheat cropping system. Though the effect of available potassium registered non significant on cropping system in II year experiment. The enhancement of fertility status in brahmi-wheat cropping system and other medicinal plant based cropping systems was might be due to low requirement of nutrients by medicinal plants as comparison to cereals based cropping system. Mishra (1995) advocated the advantages of nutrient management in cropping system

Slide 40: 

Change in soil test value i.e. available nutrient status before start of experiment I (initial value) and harvesting of all the crops of system (final value) are -- Rice – wheat system showed, decrease in organic carbon (%), available P and K (kg ha-1). Potassium level decreased in all cropping systems but this decreased was less in Brahmi – wheat system. There was no specific trend in case of available phosphorus. Phosphorus level was slightly increase in some medicinal plant based cropping systems, however, it was decrease in rice-wheat cropping system.

Vettiver as a strip : 

Vettiver as a strip ANGRAU RESEARCH PLOTS

Vetiveria zizanioides : 

Vetiveria zizanioides An important essential oil yielding plant. It is also known as KHUS in hindi oil is used for soap making. Roots used for mats, screen and pillow making it is used as stimulant, refrigerant and stomachic.

Vanilla cultivation in karnataka : 

Vanilla cultivation in karnataka

Slide 44: 

VANILA CROP GROWING IN KARNATAKA

Discussion between professor, scientist and students about medicinal based cropping system at herbal garden, rajendranagar, hyderabad : 

Discussion between professor, scientist and students about medicinal based cropping system at herbal garden, rajendranagar, hyderabad

Nursery management : 

Nursery management

Slide 47: 

PLANTING

Established system : 

Established system

A good cropping system with ginger : 

A good cropping system with ginger

evaluation : 

evaluation

Fuel and timber wood : 

Fuel and timber wood

HARVESTING AND MARKETING : 

HARVESTING AND MARKETING

Advantages : 

Advantages Medicinal Plants could help poverty alleviation provide culturally acceptable healthcare, food, and a sustainable source of income by developing niche markets selected multipurpose medicinal plants to halt land degradation, greater share of the increased global value of medicinal plants "The global value of herbal medicines is estimated at $65 billion, {1$=44.31 Rs today}

Slide 54: 

Social & economic advantages of multiple cropping systems: Dependence on only crop is avoided. Reduction in the excess use of fertilizers. Possible to recover investments in much less time. Availability of harvest over a much longer period of time. Employment generation. The farmer of little economic resources can produce a large variety of useful products. Components can constitute a type of "savings" for the future. Efficient use of drylands and marginal lands

Slide 55: 

Thanx for listening

Submitted to : 

Submitted to Neeraja prabhakar Neeraja