Deficiency Diseases of Vitamin

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Slide 1:

By Shuvam Mahapatra & Team Std. – VI, Section - D SAI International School, Bhubaneswar Diseases caused by Deficiency of Vitamins

VITAMINS:

Vitamins are organic components in food that are needed in very small amounts for growth and for maintaining good health. Vitamins are micronutrients essential for daily functioning. Thirteen types of vitamins are required for our body to stay healthy. VITAMINS

What are Vitamins ?:

What are Vitamins ? Nutrients that our body does not make on its own. Thus we must obtain them from the foods we eat, or via vitamin supplements. They are essential for providing good health and are necessary for many life functions.

Types Of Vitamins:

Types Of Vitamins Vitamins can be broadly classified into two categories namely, water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble Vitamins- Vitamin B and Vitamin C Fat-soluble Vitamins- Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and Vitamin K.

Vitamin – A:

Vitamin – A It helps a great deal in improving your eyesight. Also it aids in maintaining healthy skin. Rich sources of vitamin A are: eggs, milk, apricots, carrots, spinach and sweet potatoes etc.

Vitamin - B:

Vitamin - B Vitamin B is a list of multiple vitamins like B1, B2, B6, B12. Vitamin B aids in generating energy that the body utilizes to carry out its activities. Vitamin B also participates actively in making red blood cells that carry oxygen to different parts of your body. Rich sources of vitamin B include whole grains, such as wheat and oats, fish.

Vitamin C:

Vitamin C It helps in strengthening your gums and muscles. Vitamin C found in citrus fruits like oranges, also aids in healing wounds. It enables us to overcome infections. Foods rich in vitamin C, apart from citrus fruits are: tomatoes, broccoli, cabbage and strawberries etc.

Vitamin - D:

Vitamin - D It works towards strengthening your bones and teeth. It also aids in absorbing the calcium required by the body. Foods rich in vitamin D are: fish, egg yolk, milk and other dairy products etc.

Vitamin - E:

Vitamin - E It takes care of your lungs and also aids in formation of red blood cells. Good sources of vitamin E are: whole grains, such as wheat and oats, leafy green vegetables, egg yolks, nuts etc.

Vitamin K:

Vitamin K Vitamin K helps in the maintenance of normal levels of the blood clotting proteins. Good sources of vitamin K are: leafy green vegetables, dairy products, like milk and yogurt, pork etc.

Vitamin Deficiency:

Vitamin Deficiency They do not supply the body with either energy or calories directly. Most healthy women who eat a well-balanced diet do not need to take vitamin supplements.

Vitamin - A Deficiency (Retinol):

Vitamin - A Deficiency (Retinol) Deficiency causes: Night blindness Dry skin

Vitamin B1 Deficiency (Thiamine):

Vitamin B1 Deficiency (Thiamine) Deficiency causes: Numbness Tingling loss of sensation Shooting pains in the extremities, especially in the legs.

Vitamin B2 Deficiency (Riboflavin):

Vitamin B2 Deficiency (Riboflavin) Deficiency causes: Bloodshot eyes Sore tongue and lips Infection in the mouth and throat Extreme and unusual sensitivity to light Irritability in the eyes Chapped lips

Vitamin B3 Deficiency (Niacin):

Vitamin B3 Deficiency (Niacin) Deficiency causes: weakness Diarrhoea burning sensation on the tongue sores in the mouth rough skin weight loss

Vitamin B6 Deficiency (Pyridoxine):

Vitamin B6 Deficiency ( Pyridoxine ) Deficiency causes: Depression Dizziness Nausea Sores in the mouth

Vitamin B12 Deficiency (Cyanocobalamine):

Vitamin B12 Deficiency ( Cyanocobalamine) Deficiency causes: Feelings of weakness Numbness and tingling in the extremities Shortness of breath Depression

Vitamin - C Deficiency (Ascorbic acid):

Vitamin - C Deficiency (Ascorbic acid ) Deficiency causes: Bleeding Swollen or infected gums Bleeding into the skin causing bruising

Vitamin - D Deficiency (Calciferol):

Vitamin - D Deficiency ( Calciferol) Deficiency causes: Bowed legs Deformed spine

Vitamin - E Deficiency:

Vitamin - E Deficiency Deficiency causes: Gastrointestinal diseases Dry hair or loss of hair Muscular weakness Slow tissue healing Leg cramps

Folic Acid Deficiency:

Folic Acid Deficiency Deficiency causes: Sensations of weakness Numbness and tingling of fingers and toes Ulcers in the mouth Sore tongues Feelings of weakness

Vitamin - K Deficiency:

Vitamin - K Deficiency Deficiency causes: Bleeding of gums Dark circles under eyes Bleeding bleeding of gums

Slide 23:

Kindly think over it and you’ll find that only having snacks kurkure and chocolates are not enough we need to have proper diet to live a healthy and happy life. THANK YOU

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