THE WORLD OF ADVERTISINGSubmitted by:- SHUBHAM : THE WORLD OF ADVERTISINGSubmitted by:- SHUBHAM What is Advertising : Advertising A part of promotion mix
can be define as:
A paid form of
Non personal Communication
From an identified sponsor
Using mass media
To persuade or influence audience
With a unique message. What is Advertising Types of Advertising : Types of Advertising Area based
Financial Contd…… : Contd…… Gorilla
Unethical Types of advertising : Types of advertising Product-Related advertising:-
Informative advertising-This advertising figures heavily in the Introduction stage of a product, where the primary objective is to build demand.
MOTOROLA Ads for pagers, explaining how to use them (providing information).
Persuasive advertising- Persuasive Advertising figures heavily in the Growth Stage of Product Life Cycle, where the company’s objective is to build selective demand for a particular brand. Like- AKAI TV ads compared the brand with 6 competitor brands. Types of……. : Types of……. Reminder advertising- This advertising is highly important in the mature stage of the product to keep the consumer thinking about the product.
-Fevicol campaigns act as a reminder form of advertising, bonding Fevicol with consumers as the strongest Adhesive
Trade Advertising- It can classified into two categories:-
Wholesale advertising- Types of……. : Types of……. Retail advertising- can define as covering all advertising by store that sell good direct to the consuming public. Example- In & Out promotional techniques of retail outlets.
Wholesale advertising- Wholesalers are, generally, not advertising minded, either for themselves or for their suppliers. They would benefit from adopting some of the image making techniques used by retailers. Types of……. : Types of……. Area based advertising:- There are three types of this advertising. They are as follows-
National advertising- This type of advertising is to encourages the consumer to buy their product wherever they sold. Advertising that is done in one nation only. Dabur Ads or Nirma Ads
Global Advertising: Advertising that is carried on for a company or a product globally. Like- I’m loving it was a global ad released by McDonalds
Local advertising-Advertising that is carried out in a particular region or market. Like-BRU and AMRUTANJAN selected campaign directed towards consumers in South India. Other types of……. : Other types of……. Manipulative advertising:- "limits free and informed action."It is sort of like convincing customers to purchase something, but it is based on incorrect or inconclusive information.
Surrogate advertising:- The advertisement comes with the same music and punch line as the one for the popular liquor brand telecast before the ban on liquor advertisements.
Like- “aap, main or Bagpiper". This Bagpiper club soda advertisement, featuring cine celebrities, is similar to the earlier one for Bagpiper whisky. Other types of……. : Other types of……. Unethical advertising:- Unethical advertising is when you promise something you cannot deliver.
For Example- In the fitness industry, you advertise that you guarantee a weight loss of 50 pounds per month with your program. You cannot possible deliver that to every person who comes into your gym.
Covert advertising:- Covert advertising is when a product or brand is embedded in entertainment and media.
For example, in a film, the main character can use an item or other of a definite brand, as in the movie Minority Report, where Tom Cruise's character John Anderson owns a phone with the Nokia logo clearly written in the top corner, or his watch engraved with the Bulgari logo. Other types of……. : Brand advertising: This advertising helps in the long-term build up of a brand.
HLL’s ad’s for LUX ,LIRIL, REXONA.
Classified Advertising: This advertising gives information dissemination about a sale.
MID-DAY NEWSPAPER or TOI classified section.
Promotional Advertising: This advertising informs an announcement about a sale.
ADIDAS offering 50% DISCOUNT on sneakers. Other types of……. Other types of……. : Advocacy Advertising: This advertising is used to publicize a particular cause. All the social ads fall into this category.
Drink, MORE MILK (TV ad by FCB ULKA for NDDB) & AIDS AWARENESS ADS by Govt.
Negative advertising:- emphasizes on negative attributes of the competitor’s product instead of focusing on positive attributes of own products.
exp.- Horlicks Vs. complain, Pepsi Vs Thumps up Other types of……. Other types of……. : Puffery advertising:- In these ads superlative degree is used to create attraction.
Example- Gillette’s punch line. ”The Best a men can get.”
Financial advertising:- Ads taking only about finance related things. Example- all insurance ads.
Gorilla advertising:- Guerrilla Advertising is an unconventional way of performing promotional activities. Usually very funny or subtle, it’s a great way to promote a business with a low budget and generate buzz. But you’ll need lots of creativity. Example- guerilla ad Other types of……. Other types of……. : Emotional advertising:- Ads directly hit consumer’s emotions. Example- Airtel’s ad of a little boy with toy phone.
Challenging advertising:- Ads directly or in directly challenge other company, brand or product. Example- Boomer gumlairs, “éclairs ka baap” & luminous ad “No.1 here we come”.
Corporate advertising:- Other types of……. Other types of……. : Burst advertising:- Ads don’t have any above thing or sense but creative ads. Example- Amul Macho “ ye to bada toing hai.”
Silence advertising:- a commercial with little or no music will be most effective with an elderly audience. If someone is doing other things while watching T.V. and all of a sudden they notice there isn't any sound coming out of the television, their eyes will likely jump up to the television and it's probably at that moment the person will catch a glimpse of a company name, or a logo. Other types of……. Other types of……. : Spoof advertising:- When we promote our product on opponent’s ad strategy.
Exp-Thumps up vs. Pepsi, Vodafone Vs. reliance.
Direct advertising:- Aqua sure For demo Call 1800……… Other types of……. Advertising Objectives : Advertising, can be used to address several broad objectives including: building product awareness, creating interest, providing information, stimulating demand and reinforcing the brand. To achieve one or more of these objectives, advertising is used to send a message containing information about some element of the marketer’s offerings.
For better understanding here we will discuss about some basic and broad objectives of advertising. Advertising Objectives Basic Objectives : To inform: This type of advertising is heavily used in the pioneering stage of a product category, where the aim is to build primary demand.
Ujala commercial, where the ad talks about how different it is from the age old “neel” by talking about its solution contents and showing how different your clothes look when washed with Ujala.
To Persuade: when the product is in the competitive stage, where the company’s objective is to build selective demand for a particular brand.
Whirlpool ice magic positions itself as being a quick icemaker and was the first one of its kind to use this as a marketing platform. Basic Objectives Basic Objectives : To Remind: when the product is in the maturity stage. They are intended to remind people to purchase your bran d.
Thumps up, Coke, Pepsi ads all these ads no more are shown to create awareness or persuasion because people are already aware of their presence and already have chosen the brand of their choice. These are just reminder ads to keep the brand or the company fresh in the minds of the consumers or have the brand top of mind.
To Reinforce: It seeks to ensure the buyers that they have made the right choice by purchasing your brand.
Hamara Bajaj advertisements make the owner of the two wheelers of Bajaj proud of their possession by giving it a patriotic positioning Basic Objectives Broad Objectives : Launch of new product/service:- To inform consumers about new product launching. exp- “Parle Lite barbone”.
Expansion of market to new users:- To inform about company’s market expansion. Exp- “India got Talent”.
Announcement of product modification:- To inform about product modification. Exp- “Bajaj Pulsar”.
Announcement of dealer’s location:- To inform about place where the product is available. Exp- “Strapsil”. Now available in your nearest general store. Broad Objectives Broad Objectives : Announcement of special offers:- To inform about latest/special offers. Exp- Dettol combo offer 9Rs off.
To educate the customers:- To tell about what are the benefits from the product and how to use that. Exp- “Aircel’s Pocket internet”.
To create social responsibility:- To make customer social. Exp- “Padhega India tabhi to Badhega India”. Broad Objectives Effect of Advertising : The advertisers are therefore, concerned with their impact on consumer awareness and attitude. The communication effect on sales may be presented in the following figure:-
Communication Effect on Sales
Purchases or repurchase Effect of Advertising Advertising Models : Hierarchy-of-Effects Models Advertising Models What is an Advertising Agency? : An advertising agency:- is an independent organization set up to render specialized services in advertising in particular and marketing in general. Advertising agencies started as space brokers for the handling of the advertisements placed in newspapers. Over the years, the function of the agencies has changed. Their main job today is not to aid media but to serve advertisers. Some agencies are-
Mudra communications Pvt. Ltd,
Ogilvy and Mather Limited,
JWT (Hindustan Thompson Associates Pvt. Ltd.),
FCB-Ulka advertising pvt.Ltd.,
Rediffusion DY&R Pvt. Ltd What is an Advertising Agency? Advertising Agency Functions : Media Planners:- Once an advertisement is created, it must be placed through an appropriate advertising media. Understanding the nuances of different media is the role of a media planner, who looks for the best media match for a client and also negotiates the best deals.
Creative Team:-An agency’s creative team consists of specialists in graphic design, film and audio production, copywriting, computer programming, and much more.
Researchers:- Researchers are also used following the completion of an advertising campaign to measure whether the campaign reached its objectives.
Account Management:- Within an advertising agency the account manager or account executive is tasked with handling all major decisions related to a specific client. These responsibilities include locating and negotiating to acquire clients Advertising Agency Functions Types of advertising agencies : There are basically four types of ad agencies They are:
In-house agencies:- An in-house agency is an ad agency set up, owned and operated by the advertiser. Exp- dabur’s Ad bur.
Creative boutiques:- Creative boutique is an agency that provides only creative services. These specialized companies have developed in response to some client’s desires to use only the creative talent of an outside provider while maintaining the other functions internally.
Media buying agencies:- Media buying agencies are independent companies that specialize in the buying of media, particularly radio and television. Types of advertising agencies Creating Message : effective communication requires the message source to create (encoding) a message that can be interpreted (decoding) by the intended message receiver. In advertising, the act of creating a message is often considered the creative aspect of carrying out an advertising campaign. When creating an advertising message the marketer must consider such issues as:
General Message Factors:-
Characteristics of the Target Audience
Type of Media Used
Overall Advertising Objective Creating Message Contd……. : Message Structure:-
The Appeal – This refers to the underlying idea that captures the attention of a message receiver. Appeals can fall into such categories as emotional, fearful, humorous, and sexual.
Value Proposition – The advertising message often contains a reason for customers to be interested in the product which often means the ad will emphasize the benefits obtained from using the product.
Slogan – To help position the product in a customer’s mind and distinguish it from competitors’ offerings, advertisements will contain a word or phrase that is repeated across several different messages and different media outlets. Contd……. Contd……. : Message Testing:- The most popular method of testing advertising for the marketer (or their ad agency) is to conduct focus groups where several advertising messages are presented. On the Internet, advertising delivery technology allows for testing of ads by randomly exposing website visitors to different ads and then measuring their response. Contd……. Types of Media : These are the various types of Media:-
Television :- All visual ads.
Radio :- Ads on FMs
Print Publications :- All printed ads
Internet :- pop ups, Flash msg, skyscraper.
Direct Mail :- Mails etc.
Signage :- Skywriting, Plan banner, mobile billboard
Mobile Devices :- Messages on mobiles
Sponsorships :- sponsoring something
Others :- Fax, product packing, Print on retail bills Types of Media THANK YOU : THANK YOU Your Queries