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DO NOT CALCULATE WHEN YOU CAN MEASURE!!DEFINITION:: DEFINITION: The verification, monitoring and analysis of use of energy including submission of technical report containing recommendations for improving energy efficiency with cost benefit analysis and an action plan to reduce energy consumption A systematic approach for decision-making in the area of energy management Attempts to balance the total energy inputs with its use, and serves to identify all the energy streams in a facility Quantifies energy usage according to its discrete functionsNEED:: NEED: Understand more about the ways energy and fuel are used in any industry, and help in identifying the areas where waste can occur and where scope for improvement exists Translation of conservation ideas into realities, by lending technically feasible solutions with economic and other organizational considerations within a specified time frame Provides a “bench-mark” for managing energy in the organization and also provides the basis for planning a more effective use of energy throughout the organization Determine ways to reduce energy consumption per unit of product output or to lower operating costsTypes of Energy Audit: Types of Energy Audit Preliminary energy audit Detailed energy audit Type of energy audit chosen depends on Function and type of industry Depth to which audit is required Potential and magnitude of cost reduction desiredPreliminary Energy Audit Methodology: Preliminary Energy Audit Methodology Uses existing or easily obtained data Establishes energy consumption in the organization Estimates the scope for saving Identifies the most likely areas for attention Identifies immediate (no/low-cost) improvements Sets a ‘reference point’ Identifies areas for more detailed study/measurementDetailed Energy Audit: Detailed Energy Audit Evaluates all energy using systems, equipments and includes detailed energy savings and costs Carried out in 3 phases Pre-audit Phase Audit Phase Post-AuditTen Steps Methodology for Detailed Audit: Ten Steps Methodology for Detailed AuditEnergy Audit Reporting Format: Energy Audit Reporting FormatEnergy Audit Reporting Format: Energy Audit Reporting FormatENERGY AUDIT INSTRUMENTS: ENERGY AUDIT INSTRUMENTSElectrical Measuring Instruments:: Electrical Measuring Instruments:PowerPoint Presentation: Fuel Efficiency Monitor Fyrite Combustion analyzerPowerPoint Presentation: Infrared Thermometer Pitot Tube and manometer Contact thermometerPowerPoint Presentation: Water flow meter Stroboscope TachometerPowerPoint Presentation: Leak Detectors Lux metersCost of the instruments: Cost of the instruments Fuel Efficiency Monitor $323 Infrared Thermometer $49.95 Pitot Tube & Manometer $249.99 Water Flow meter $29.99 Stroboscope LED $596 Combustion Analyzer $3834 Contact Tachometer $229-$249 Leak Detector $16,000PowerPoint Presentation: The ratio of current year’s production to the reference year’s production is called as: a) plant energy performance b) production factor c) utilization factor d) reference year equivalent Which instrument is used to monitor O 2 , CO in flue gas? a) Combustion analyzer b) Fuel efficiency Monitor c) Pyrometer d) FyritePowerPoint Presentation: An oil fired furnace is retrofitted to fire coconut shell chips. Boiler thermal efficiency drops from 82% to 72%. How much more, or less energy, in percent is spent to generate same amount of steam. a) 10% more b) 12.2% more c) 13.9% less d) 13.9% more Non contact flow measurement can be carried out by a) orifice meter b) turbine flow meter c) ultrasonic flow meter d) magnetic flow meterPowerPoint Presentation: Which task is not considered as a duty of an energy manager a) prepare an annual activity plan b) establish an improved data recording system c) conduct mandatory energy audit d) prepare information material Fill in the missing word. An energy policy provides the __________ for setting performance goal and integrating energy management into an organization’s culture. a) budget b) delivery mechanism c) action plan d) foundationPowerPoint Presentation: Which one is not a step in energy action planning a) make commitments b) implement action plan c) set goals d) report results to designated agency of the state Benchmarking helps to: a) track performance change over time b) compare with best/average performance c) both a & b d) none of the abovePowerPoint Presentation: A firm switches from a low ash and low moisture fuel to a less expensive high ash and high moisture fuel by retrofitting a furnace. The most likely impact of the measure is : a) saves fuel cost and reduces energy consumption b) saves fuel cost but increases energy consumption c) increases fuel costs and energy consumption d) none of the above In an CUSUM chart, if the graph is horizontal for two consecutive periods then a) actual and calculated energy consumption are the same b) actual energy consumption is reduced c) specific energy consumption is the same d) each one of the above may be true You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.