hot desert

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Presentation Transcript

LOCATION : 

LOCATION The hot deserts of the world are found between 15º and 30º latitude, both north and south of the equator.

Hot Deserts : 

Hot Deserts Hot deserts are found on the west coasts of continents north and south of the Equator i.e.:-(i) Atacama ............................South America(ii) Namib - Kalahari .............Southern Africa(iii) Great Sandy ..............Australia(iv) Great Western ............North America(v) Sahara ..............................Northern Africa(vi) Arabian ...........................Middle East(vii) Thar ...............................Indian Sub – Continent (viii)Gobi……………………Asia

CLIMATE : 

CLIMATE The climate is hot and dry almost throughout the year. There is very little rainfall. The sky is always clear and bright. The day is extremely hot, while the nights are cold.

LAND : 

LAND Many deserts are sandy like the Thar Desert of India. Some deserts are made of vast stony areas. Some areas have become deserts because of the activities of human beings,Colorado Desert of North America.

SAND DUNES : 

SAND DUNES Small hill of sand called SAND DUNES can be seen in the desert regions. In sandy deserts, strong winds can shift the sand dunes from one place to another.

VEGETATION : 

VEGETATION Desert plants have leaves with waxy coating. Some plants grow thorns instead of leaves. Some plants store water in their roots. CACTI is the most common plant found here.

WILDLIFE : 

WILDLIFE Animals that live in the desert must be able to survive the heat. Many of them burrow under the sand during the hottest part of the day and come out only in the early morning and at night. They have thick ,scaly coats which prevents their bodies from losing water.

SHIP OF THE DESERT : 

SHIP OF THE DESERT CAMEL is called the ship of the desert. It can carry heavy burden through the burning hot sands .It can live without water for many days.

OASIS : 

OASIS Fertile place in a desert with underground water are called oasis. Small communities of people live and cultivate crops like cotton,rice,tobbaco and fruits near oasis. Date palms,acacia trees and oleander shrubs grow here.