AVIATION OF HISTORY

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This is an history of aviation and this is an good information of aviation.

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By: gunkasagittarius (1 week(s) ago)

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By: shiva_p5oauthor (19 month(s) ago)

I have send it to u r mail ID

 

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

HISTORY OF AVIATION b.5 Shiva Niharika Asha Laxman

THE MAN WANTED TO BE LIKE BIRD & BE ONE TO FLY : 

THE MAN WANTED TO BE LIKE BIRD & BE ONE TO FLY

The first balloon flight took place in 1783. What if someone had the idea of using them for war? Basically, your challenge, should you accept it, is to create war airships that are used during the 19th century, dropping bombs on armies and cities, striking terror against the helpless armies beneath them. If some type of dirigible could become practical, it's possible that the efforts of William Henson and John Stringfellow to develop a working airplane might have succeeded. Note: In 1849, balloons were used for bombing for the first time by the Austrians against Venice. : 

The first balloon flight took place in 1783. What if someone had the idea of using them for war? Basically, your challenge, should you accept it, is to create war airships that are used during the 19th century, dropping bombs on armies and cities, striking terror against the helpless armies beneath them. If some type of dirigible could become practical, it's possible that the efforts of William Henson and John Stringfellow to develop a working airplane might have succeeded. Note: In 1849, balloons were used for bombing for the first time by the Austrians against Venice.

Solomon Andrews, a 19th century inventor, also designed an airship that he tried to get the U.S. government interested in during the Civil War: : 

Solomon Andrews, a 19th century inventor, also designed an airship that he tried to get the U.S. government interested in during the Civil War:

The Hindenburg (LZ 129) airship of Zeppelin design, tail emblazoned w. Nazi Party Swastikas, landing in field as spectators rush forth while unident blimp soars above. It is an elliptical ball of silk, filled with hydrogen : 

The Hindenburg (LZ 129) airship of Zeppelin design, tail emblazoned w. Nazi Party Swastikas, landing in field as spectators rush forth while unident blimp soars above. It is an elliptical ball of silk, filled with hydrogen 20th century AIRSHIP

The Wright Brothers (1903) : 

The Wright Brothers (1903)

Wilbur and Orville Wright were brothers of four years difference. They created the world's first airplane which was completly done in there year 1903 and flew on december 17 of that year. The airplaned lasted in the air for only 12 seconds at a hight of 120 feet which Wilbur the older brother had flew. : 

Wilbur and Orville Wright were brothers of four years difference. They created the world's first airplane which was completly done in there year 1903 and flew on december 17 of that year. The airplaned lasted in the air for only 12 seconds at a hight of 120 feet which Wilbur the older brother had flew.

Their break through with sending man soaring through the air began in December of 1903. : 

Their break through with sending man soaring through the air began in December of 1903.

They began with the "three axis control" which enabled the pilot to steer the plane. Along with this advancement in aerodynamics, both Orville and Wilbur made this method standard on all flight vehicles. Thus allowing them to cover other unexpected problems with flight such as perfecting the wings and propellers on the plane Wilbur (born in Millville, Indiana) died in 1912 due to typhoid fever. His brothe Orville, whom later sold the family company, took his last flight in 1918 and died in 1948 after having his second heart attack. : 

They began with the "three axis control" which enabled the pilot to steer the plane. Along with this advancement in aerodynamics, both Orville and Wilbur made this method standard on all flight vehicles. Thus allowing them to cover other unexpected problems with flight such as perfecting the wings and propellers on the plane Wilbur (born in Millville, Indiana) died in 1912 due to typhoid fever. His brothe Orville, whom later sold the family company, took his last flight in 1918 and died in 1948 after having his second heart attack.

Ferdinand Léon Delagrange (1873-1910) : 

Ferdinand Léon Delagrange (1873-1910) In March 1908 he carried the first passenger in Europe, who was Henry Farman himself. He also took up the first woman to fly, Madame Peltier, in July 1908 at Milan. She took several lessons which culminated in piloting the Voisin solo, but she did not take her interest any further. Delagrange set several distance and endurance records during 1908. He was killed in a flying accident in 1910 which resulted from fitting too powerful a motor to his plane.

The only other prominent aviator during this period was Ferdinand Léon Delagrange who, like Farman, had purchased a standard Voisin in 1907. However he was less technically-minded than Henry and had made only a few modifications to the basic design. Gabriel Voisin remarked that in contrast to Farman, Delagrange "was not the sporting type" and knew nothing about running an engine. : 

The only other prominent aviator during this period was Ferdinand Léon Delagrange who, like Farman, had purchased a standard Voisin in 1907. However he was less technically-minded than Henry and had made only a few modifications to the basic design. Gabriel Voisin remarked that in contrast to Farman, Delagrange "was not the sporting type" and knew nothing about running an engine. Léon Delagrange Volera, 1908

Thérèse Peltier (1873-1926)Thérèse Peltier, a talented sculptor, became the first woman to fly as a passenger in a heavier-than-air craft. On July 8, 1908 she made a flight of 656 feet with Léon Delagrange in Turin, Italy. : 

Thérèse Peltier (1873-1926)Thérèse Peltier, a talented sculptor, became the first woman to fly as a passenger in a heavier-than-air craft. On July 8, 1908 she made a flight of 656 feet with Léon Delagrange in Turin, Italy. She subsequently made several solo flights in a Voisin biplane but did not pursue a flying career. On her flight at the Military Square at Turin, she flew for two minutes and traversed a distance of 200 meters at an elevation of seven feet.

There were three different schools of thought within the Naval air establishment on the preferred means of taking air power to sea. The long-distance flying boat would prove very impressive as design progressed from the HS-1 through H-16 and the British F5L, leading to the Curtiss NC aircraft. All had the mark of Glenn Curtiss. The lighter-than- air people pointed to the success of the upgraded DN-1 and dirigibles obtained from the French in March of 1918. : 

There were three different schools of thought within the Naval air establishment on the preferred means of taking air power to sea. The long-distance flying boat would prove very impressive as design progressed from the HS-1 through H-16 and the British F5L, leading to the Curtiss NC aircraft. All had the mark of Glenn Curtiss. The lighter-than- air people pointed to the success of the upgraded DN-1 and dirigibles obtained from the French in March of 1918. Curtiss H-16 Flying Boat Glenn Curtiss

St Petersburg : 

St Petersburg The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line began flying across Tampa Bay on January 1, 1914. It lasted only three months. The opening of the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line on January 1, 1914. The pilot of the Benoist Type XIV flying-boat, Tony Jannus, in white trousers

The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line began flying across Tampa Bay on January 1, 1914. It lasted only three months.The flight covered 29 kilometers (18 miles) and took 23 minutes-11 hours less than traveling between St. Petersburg and Tampa by rail.The Airboat Line safely transported 1,204 passengers across the bay. But without a continuing subsidy from St. Petersburg or steady income from tourist traffic, it could not survive. The airline closed at the end of March. : 

The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line began flying across Tampa Bay on January 1, 1914. It lasted only three months.The flight covered 29 kilometers (18 miles) and took 23 minutes-11 hours less than traveling between St. Petersburg and Tampa by rail.The Airboat Line safely transported 1,204 passengers across the bay. But without a continuing subsidy from St. Petersburg or steady income from tourist traffic, it could not survive. The airline closed at the end of March. St Petersburg-Tampa Map ?

Mr. JRD TATA : 

Mr. JRD TATA In 1932, at his initiative, the Airlines Division of Tata Sons was started. Tata Airlines marked the birth of regular air transportation in the Indian subcontinent. The airline finally evolved into Air India, of which, after nationalization, Mr. J. R. D. Tata remained Chairman till 1978. In 1938, the Directors of Tata Sons, all senior to him, elected him as the Chairman of the Tata Group - at that time, the largest industrial group of companies in India.

Air India , the national flag carrier of India , while Tata Airlines, was found in the year 1932 by J.R.D. Tata. On 29 July, 1946 after the transformation of Tata Airlines into public sector it derived its new name Air India.Air India International came into existence with the nationalization of the air transportation industry under the Air Corporations Act. Subsequently, in the year 1954 Air India International started is services to Singapore , Bangkok , Hong Kong and Tokyo . : 

Air India , the national flag carrier of India , while Tata Airlines, was found in the year 1932 by J.R.D. Tata. On 29 July, 1946 after the transformation of Tata Airlines into public sector it derived its new name Air India.Air India International came into existence with the nationalization of the air transportation industry under the Air Corporations Act. Subsequently, in the year 1954 Air India International started is services to Singapore , Bangkok , Hong Kong and Tokyo .

Slide 18: 

THESE ARE THE TYPES SOME MAJOR AIRCRAFTS 19 Airbus A310 2 Boeing 747 -300 M(Combi) 8 Boeing 747 -400 1 Boeing 747 -400 ( Combi) 1 Boeing 767-300 1 Boeing 777 -200 3 Boeing 777 -200 ER Air India plans to add some more new aircrafts by the year 2007. These are: 13 Boeing 737- 800 27 Boeing 787 - 8 15 Boeings= 777 - 300 ER 8 Boeing 777- 300 LR

Air India takes good care of its customers comfort. For a smooth and happy journey it provides to its passengers: Three classes of travel – First class, Executive class and Economy class. Spacious and comfortable seating. Frequent flyer program .Luxury lounges .Duty free sale on board. E-ticket facility .In flight refreshments and entertainments. : 

Air India takes good care of its customers comfort. For a smooth and happy journey it provides to its passengers: Three classes of travel – First class, Executive class and Economy class. Spacious and comfortable seating. Frequent flyer program .Luxury lounges .Duty free sale on board. E-ticket facility .In flight refreshments and entertainments.

Tata, the first Indian to qualify as a pilot, had started the country's first airline with the famous flight from Karachi to Mumbai on October 15, 1932.Air India International was set up in 1948 as the country's first joint sector project between the government and the private sector to start an overseas service. Five years later, the government decided to nationalise the aviation business. : 

Tata, the first Indian to qualify as a pilot, had started the country's first airline with the famous flight from Karachi to Mumbai on October 15, 1932.Air India International was set up in 1948 as the country's first joint sector project between the government and the private sector to start an overseas service. Five years later, the government decided to nationalise the aviation business.

Slide 21: 

AVATION HISTORY OF INDIA

J R D Tata the first Indian civilian to fly a jet, June 1948 : 

The proposed route shown in the map below was Croydon-Paris-Marseilles-Pisa-Rome-Tunis-Tripoli(Libya)-Aboukir-Gaza-Basra-Bushire-Bandar Abbas-Jask(Iran)-Charbat(Turbat?)-Karachi(pre-partition - Karachi was in India). J R D Tata the first Indian civilian to fly a jet, June 1948

In 1930 a gentleman from India, Purshottam Meghji Kabali , took delivery of Spartan VT-AAT(c/n 31), with the intention of flying the aircraft home to India.Mr Kabali is believed to have been the first Indian pilot and subsequently went on to fly for "Air Services of India Ltd",which operated Dragon Rapides and Dc-3s in the forties and early fifties before merging into Indian Airlines Corporation in 1953.Mr Kabali was attempting a very long flight in a very small aeroplane at a time when such flights were still far from commonplace.He named the aircraft "Feather of the Dawn" and a religious ceremony was carried out at Croydon Airport before departure (Picture below). : 

In 1930 a gentleman from India, Purshottam Meghji Kabali , took delivery of Spartan VT-AAT(c/n 31), with the intention of flying the aircraft home to India.Mr Kabali is believed to have been the first Indian pilot and subsequently went on to fly for "Air Services of India Ltd",which operated Dragon Rapides and Dc-3s in the forties and early fifties before merging into Indian Airlines Corporation in 1953.Mr Kabali was attempting a very long flight in a very small aeroplane at a time when such flights were still far from commonplace.He named the aircraft "Feather of the Dawn" and a religious ceremony was carried out at Croydon Airport before departure (Picture below).

The two pictures below show the aircraft immediately after the crash(left) and the aircraft loaded on a truck for transportation(to where?).From the look of things the truck was having puncture problems. : 

The two pictures below show the aircraft immediately after the crash(left) and the aircraft loaded on a truck for transportation(to where?).From the look of things the truck was having puncture problems.

Tata Family Story : 

Tata Family Story Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata: The Founder of the House of Tata Born in 1839, J.N. Tata is considered the Founder of The House of Tata.  Mr. Tata was determined that India should have a steel plant that would compare to the best in the world. In the 1880's, the House of Tata formally set out to play a vital role in the industrialization of India. Although Mr. Tata died in 1904, by 1907 The Tata Iron and Steel Company was established as India's first iron and steel plant, rolling out its first ingot of steel in 1912. Jehangir R. D. Tata: The Aviator — "JRD" as he was affectionately known, was born in France and joined Tata Sons in 1925, eventually becoming its Chairman in 1938. With JRD's initiative and foresight, in 1932, the Airlines Division of Tata Sons was started. The airline later evolved into Air India. J.R.D. Tata played a critical role in increasing India's scientific, medical and artistic quotient.

Slide 27: 

Naval Hormusji Tata: The People’s Person — Naval Tata believed in responsible negotiations between employers, workers and governments in the search for equitable solutions to labor issues. For over four decades he provided a voice of reason, consideration and conciliation to national and international organizations working to minimize employer-employee friction. Ratan Naval Tata: 21st Century and Beyond — Ratan Tata has made the Tata Group a global player. The January 10, 2005 issue of Forbes Asia, named him Asia's Businessman of the Year. Under Mr. Ratan Tata's guidance, the Tata Group has grown rapidly and made forays into new industries and areas of business.

Slide 28: 

TYPES OF AIRCRAFTS All aircrafts anywhere on the earth, broadly fall into two categories Military Civilian In civilian their are two types: Private Commercial

Slide 29: 

MILITARY AIRCRAFTS Boeing C-17A Globemaster III -- 437th Airlift Wing - Charleston AFB, SC (96-0007)

Slide 31: 

We zoom out and get the effect of all four engines in the picture. Imagine 1,000 of these in the sky at one time, tens of thousands over Europe in just a short, four year span.

Slide 32: 

Port waist gunner's position, as seen from just outside the starboard entrance door using digital

Slide 35: 

CIVILIAN PRIVATE AIR CRAFTS THOSE OWNED BY INDIVIDUALS OR CORPORATIONS FOR THEIR PERSONAL USE.

Slide 37: 

COMMERCIAL AIR CRAFTS THOSE AIR CRAFTS FLOWN FOR COMMERCIAL REASONS i.e. FOR SOME FORM OF REMUNERETION .

Slide 39: 

PRESENT DAY PARTS OF AN COMMERCIAL AIR CRAFTS

Slide 40: 

TODAYS THREE MAJOR AIRCRAFT MAKERS WHO BUILT THE HUGE COMMERCIAL JETS FOR AIRLINE. BOEING INDUSTRIES AIRBUS INDUSTRIES MC DONNELL DOUGLAS

Slide 41: 

SOME PICTURES OF BOEING INDUSTRIES AN AMERICAN COMPANY HEADQUARTERED AT CHICAGO IN USA. THE COMPLEATE BOEING SERIES STARTING WITH THE NUMBER ‘7’ BOEING 797 BOEING 727 (189 Capacity)

Slide 42: 

BOEING 777(305-328 Capacity)

Slide 44: 

From FI -- Success of Boeing 767 trial prompts effort to develop production version of powered nose-wheel system for taxiing Boeing and electric-drive specialist Chorus Motors are in “active discussions” over possible follow-on work on a powered nose-wheel system for airliners following a successful series of tests on a proof-of-concept motor on a 767.

Slide 45: 

SOME PICTURES OF AIRBUS A consortium of five European nations headquartered at Toulouse, France. The countries being-France, Germany, U.K., Spain, & Belgium. All ‘Airbus’ aircrafts are form this company and their ‘series’ starts with the number -3, e.g. Airbus 300, 310, 340, etc.

Slide 46: 

Airbus has delivered its last A300 to FedEx on 12th July 2007. This marks the closure of Airbus’ first production line and brings to a close a very special chapter of the company’s history.

Slide 47: 

A-340(CAPACITY OF 261 PAX)

Slide 48: 

A-310(CAPACITY OF 266 PAX) A-330(CAPACITY OF 253 PAX)

Slide 49: 

A-330(CAPACITY OF 253 PAX)

Slide 51: 

AIRBUS THE LEFT ROLLS ROYCE INNER ENGINE DURING THE GROUND VIBRATION TESTS CARRIED OUT ON THE AIRBUS A340/600 IN FEBRUARY 2001 AT THE PLANT OF AIRBUS IN TOULOUSE (FRANCE)ONERA REALISATION

Slide 52: 

SOME PICTURES OF MC DONNELL DOUGLAS INDUSTRIES TO DAY A PART OF THE BOEING GROUP, HAS LOST MOST OF ITS MARKET FOR COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT LIKE DC-8,DC-10,etc BUT IS STILL A BIG NAME IN MILITARY AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURE.

Slide 53: 

MD -82(CAPACITY OF 139PAX)

Slide 54: 

MD -11(CAPACITY OF 250-380PAX)

Slide 55: 

DC-10(CAPACITY OF 258 PAX)

Slide 56: 

DC-8(CAPACITY OF 258 PAX)