America's Opioid Prescription Rate Goes Down, But Drug Abuse Problem..

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Seeking medical attention for chronic pain is often the primary reason behind prescribing opioids. The practice of prescribing opioid painkillers has been so rampant that it led to an epidemic, which the United States has been struggling with for decades. Although medical practices, guidelines and recommendations explicitly point out that prescribing opioid pain pills should always outweigh the risks, they continue to wreak havoc across the North American continent.

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www.californiaprescriptionabusehelpline.com Americas Opioid Prescription Rate Goes Down But Drug Abuse Problem Remains Seeking medical attention for chronic pain is often the primary reason behind prescribing opioids. The practice of prescribing opioid painkillers has been so rampant that it led to an epidemic which the United States has been struggling with for decades. Although medical practices guidelines and recommendations explicitly point out that prescribing opioid pain pills should always outweigh the risks they continue to wreak havoc across the North American continent. At one time the crisis of opioid painkillers had reached such high levels that a number of American states had started a slew of prescription drug monitoring programs PDMPs. Though the prescription of opioid painkillers has been relentlessly rising the rate of growth started declining of late. However the deceleration witnessed is not enough to alleviate the opioid epidemic. In the United States about 2.5 million people in the age group of 12 and above had been diagnosed with an opioid use disorder OUD in 2015. In the same year the country witnessed 52404 deaths with 63.1 percent involved an opioid and approximately 15000 involved a prescription opioid. There are various reasons why the use or misuse of prescription opioids reached epidemic levels. Some of these are mentioned below:  Opioids were previously reserved for chronic and acute pain post-surgical pain and end-of-life care. Lately there has been an increase in the use of opioids to treat chronic non-cancer pain because prescription drugs were incorrectly marketed as safe and non-addictive.  The use of opioid painkillers to treat ongoing chronic conditions increased the duration for which opioids were prescribed.  Patients who are on opioids for a long period of time tend to be prescribed a higher number of doses that significantly increases the average amount of opioids supplied per prescription.

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www.californiaprescriptionabusehelpline.com  In 2012 health care providers wrote 259 million prescriptions for pain pills that were enough to supply every American adult with a bottle of pills. A combination of these reasons significantly increased the risk of OUD and overdose and pushed up the cost to the nation to 78.5 billion annually. Positive development in fight against opioids The opioid crisis in the U.S. continues. However a recent report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC suggests that the prescription of opioids has decreased in many demographic regions between 2010 and 2015 but remains three times higher when compared to the prescription rates of 1999. The report also highlights some of the other key points as follows:  The amounts of opioids prescribed in the U.S. spiked at 782 morphine milligram equivalents MME per capita in 2010 but decreased to 649 MME per capita in 2015.  The factors linked to the higher prescription of opioids include a larger percentage of non-Hispanic whites a higher prevalence of diabetes and arthritis micropolitan status and higher unemployment and Medicaid enrollment.  The annual opioid prescription rate increased from 72.4 prescriptions per 100 people to 81.2 prescriptions per 100 people from 2006 to 2010 and then decreased to 70.6 per 100 people from 2012 to 2015.  The annual high-dose opioid prescribing rates remained stable from 2006 to 2010 but declined from 11.4 per 100 people in 2010 to 6.7 in 2015. Major improvement in states hit hard by opioid epidemic The CDC reports that the increase in opioid-related overdose deaths is attributable to the use of illicit fentanyl and heroin. However much improvement has been observed in the states that were particularly affected by the opioid crisis such as Florida Kentucky and Ohio. The implementation of pain clinic regulation and adherence to the PDMPs in 2011 and 2012 led to a significant decrease in the MME per capita in 85 percent of Ohio counties and 62 percent of Kentucky counties between 2010 and 2015. Similarly the interventions and policies aimed at preventing the over prescription of opioids in Florida counties from 2010 to 2012 led to a decrease in the amount of opioids prescribed per capita in the 80 percent of counties from 2010 to 2015. The experts feel that there is a need for more and better public education about pain and pain management as well as measures that have the potential to negate the impact of pharmaceutical advertisements directed at consumers. The CDC report also alludes to two aspects that need to be addressed to reverse the menace of prescription opioids. Firstly there is a need for more evidence-based comprehensive treatment for pain and substance use disorder SUD. Secondly the findings of the report are a cause for celebration but health

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www.californiaprescriptionabusehelpline.com care providers and doctors must continue their good work by upholding PDMPs eliminating stigma and prescribing the overdose reversal drug naloxone. Recovery from drug abuse The opioid epidemic is termed as one of the worst drug crises in the U.S. Overdose deaths led by opioids continue to increase among men and women of all races and ages. Opioid drugs were developed to help reduce the sensation of pain in patients however due to its high addictiveness people can quickly develop an addiction to opioids especially if they take it in a nonmedical manner. If you or your loved one is battling an addiction to prescription pills it is imperative to seek help. The Prescription Abuse Helpline of California assists in accessing the finest inpatient drug rehab in California that specializes in delivering evidence-based intervention plans. Call at our 24/7 helpline number 855-738-2770 to know about the best inpatient drug addiction treatment in California.

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