USING THE DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

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USING THE DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES:

USING THE DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

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ADJECTIVES - describes a person, an animal, a place, a thing, or an event

Compare these sentences::

Compare these sentences: Reducing is an effective means of waste disposal. Recycling is an even more effective means of waste disposal. The 3R’s are the most effective means of waste disposal.

1. Many adjectives have forms called degrees of comparison.:

1. Many adjectives have forms called degrees of comparison . The positive form is used when nothing is being compared. * The street is narrow. * The perfume is expensive. * The problem is difficult to solve.

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b . The comparative form is used when three or more persons, groups, or things are being compared. * This street is narrower than the one we passed. * This perfume is more expensive than the one I bought last month. * This problem is less difficult than the other one.

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The superlative form is used when three or more persons, groups, or things are being compared. * This street is the narrowest of all streets in our town. * This perfume is the most expensive of the three. * This problem is the least difficult of them all.

2. The comparatives of many adjectives with one or two syllables are formed by adding –er to their positive forms. Their superlatives are formed by adding –est to the positive.:

2. The comparatives of many adjectives with one or two syllables are formed by adding – er to their positive forms. Their superlatives are formed by adding – est to the positive. POSITIVE tall low quick COMPARATIVE taller lower quicker SUPERLATIVE t allest l owest q uickest

If the positive degree of an adjective ends in –e, the comparative degree is formed by adding –r; and the superlative degree, by adding –st to the positive.:

If the positive degree of an adjective ends in –e, the comparative degree is formed by adding –r; and the superlative degree, by adding – st to the positive. POSITIVE brave l arge wise COMPARATIVE braver larger wiser SUPERLATIVE bravest l argest wisest

If the positive degree of an adjective ends in –y, preceded by a consonant, the y is changed to i before adding –er or –est.:

If the positive degree of an adjective ends in –y, preceded by a consonant, the y is changed to i before adding – er or –est. POSITIVE n oisy sunny wealthy COMPARATIVE noisier sunnier wealthier SUPERLATIVE n oisiest s unniest w ealthiest

If the positive degree of an adjective consists of one syllable ending in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel, the consonant is doubled before –er or –est is added.:

If the positive degree of an adjective consists of one syllable ending in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel, the consonant is doubled before – er or – est is added . POSITIVE h ot s ad big COMPARATIVE h otter s adder bigger SUPERLATIVE h ottest s addest b iggest

3. The comparatives and superlatives of multisyllable adjectives are formed by adding more or less and most or least to the positive form:

3. The comparatives and superlatives of multisyllable adjectives are formed by adding more or less and most or least to the positive form POSITIVE e xpensive g enerous f amous COMPARATIVE m ore/less expensive m ore/less generous m ore/less famous SUPERLATIVE m ost/least expensive m ost/least generous m ost/least famous

4. Some adjectives are compared by both methods. :

4. Some adjectives are compared by both methods. POSITIVE worthy COMPARATIVE m ore worthy SUPERLATIVE m ost worthy

5. Some adjectives are irregular.:

5. Some adjectives are irregular. POSITIVE Good Little Bad, ill, evil Many, much Far(distance) SUPERLATIVE better less worse more farther COMPARATIVE Best Least Worst Most farthest

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6. Never use more, most, less, and least with words to which – er and – est have been added. Wrong: He is more older than I. Correct: He is older than I 7. Use than and other with the comparative degree only. The human teacher is better than the mechnical teacher.

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Use the article the only before an adjective in the superlative degree. This acacia is the oldest tree in our town. Some adjectives cannot be compared because of their meanings. The expression more nearly or most nearly is used with these adjectives when they are used to make comparisons. These adjectives are called absolute adjectives.

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