ict in education

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ICT IN EDUCATION : 

ICT IN EDUCATION

SPECIFICATION : 

SPECIFICATION Use of computers for Teaching and Learning CAL - Computer Assisted Learning CBT - Computer Based Training distance learning video-conferencing online learning / e-learning chat rooms for discussion with tutors / experts features of software packages revision programs authoring software interactive whiteboards. School / college administration computer based methods of registration e.g. OMR, wireless, smart cards, retina scans student record keeping.

CAL-COMPUTER ASSISTED LEARNING : 

CAL-COMPUTER ASSISTED LEARNING Interactive instructions concentrating on one subject or area Run from CD or DVD Installed on network Used in VLE (Virtual Learning Environment) Used over the Internet

CAL : 

CAL Tutorials-to instruct students Simulations-help understand complex situations Animations-help understand how things work Drill and practice-help consolidate learning Tests-let students know how well they have learnt the topic (immediate feedback and chance to find out where they went wrong/get individualised help) Games-make learning fun

CAL examples : 

CAL examples http://www.vet.cam.ac.uk/cal/packages.html http://www.dentistry.bham.ac.uk/ecourse/pages/page.asp?pid=1223

CBT – COMPUTER BASED TRAINING : 

CBT – COMPUTER BASED TRAINING Used for training in the workplace Examples include: Health & safety training How to use a piece of complex machinery Induction courses Flight simulation courses How to use a piece of software

CBT examples : 

CBT examples http://www.avsoft.com/index.php?q=node/61 http://www.oatmedia.com/moodle/course/category.php?id=3

FEATURES OF CAL/CBT : 

FEATURES OF CAL/CBT Highly interactive-users supply answers It can use multimedia – video, sound, animations etc. Tutorials-allow user to learn something new Models/Simulations- users can try out different situations Revision-tests students with interactive activities to measure progress

FEATURES OF CAL/CBT : 

FEATURES OF CAL/CBT Games-make learning fun / motivational Testing-immediate results analysing what they did well and not so well Distance learning-no need to attend formal lessons at set time/flexibility Encouragement-user can try question several times eventually give correct answer

ADVANTAGES CAL/CBT : 

ADVANTAGES CAL/CBT Flexibility to study what they want when they want Materials presented in different formats text, voice, animation, video Can access materials on different hardware e.g. laptop, PDA mobile phone Learn in different environments e.g. travelling, exercising, walking etc Keep students motivated and interested due to variety

DISADVANTAGES CAL/CBT : 

DISADVANTAGES CAL/CBT Complex software is expensive Interaction with classmates often needed to learn Gives students opportunities to take break rather than study Difficult for teachers to assess progress in some programs

VIDEOCONFERENCING : 

VIDEOCONFERENCING Distance learning-some courses delivered in school by outside organisations School conferences-school students given lectures by scientists on real-life topics Virtual trips-museums, art galleries, businesses Collaborative working-students from different schools can work together esp. good across countries

ON-LINE LEARNING : 

ON-LINE LEARNING E-learning allows courses to accessed on Internet Hundreds of courses available at all levels – GCSE – degrees Good for job-based courses as people in full-time work can study in own time

ON-LINE LEARNING ADVANTAGES : 

ON-LINE LEARNING ADVANTAGES Work at own pace Less worry over getting things wrong computer less intimidating than teacher Immediate feedback helps monitor progress No set lesson times Fit in around other commitments Wider range of subjects available

ON-LINE LEARNING DISADVANTAGES : 

ON-LINE LEARNING DISADVANTAGES No social side Lack of flexibility as teachers can explain in different ways Expensive-courses cost a lot compared to other methods Harder working in isolation no classmates to get help from Need to be motivated- can be easier not to do the work nobody motivating you to do it Need self-control to do the work in your own time

OTHER : 

OTHER Chat rooms – discussions with tutors or experts Revision programs Interactive whiteboards Authoring software – write your own courses Use text books to make notes on these uses pages 84-85

SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION : 

SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION All aspects of running a school use ICT Main two Computer registration systems Student record keeping

COMPUTER REGISTRATION SYSTEMS : 

COMPUTER REGISTRATION SYSTEMS You need to be able to discuss registration methods and identify their benefits and drawbacks. You need to be able to compare manual with electronic methods as well as different electronic methods

OMR : 

OMR Optical mark recognition systems Teachers mark OMR form Forms scanned into computer Drawbacks: Not checked in real time Can be altered by students Need to transferred between office/classroom Can be difficult to read if folded

WIRELESS SYSTEM : 

WIRELESS SYSTEM RFID –radio frequency identification Pupils carry card with RFID Readers placed around school Every time student passes one it is detected Real time attendance Drawbacks: Very costly Pupils could lose their card System could be down alternative system needed Get another pupil to carry card

SMART CARDS : 

SMART CARDS A smart card contains both a microprocessor and memory. So data can be stored and updated on the card itself. This means that the card can be used for more than one purpose. Monitoring attendance/Registering pupils Payment of school meals Access to school site - security Access to network School library card

SMART CARDS : 

SMART CARDS Drawbacks Pupils could lose their card and replacement smart cards are expensive System could be down alternative system needed Get another pupil to swipe card

BIOMETRIC METHODS : 

BIOMETRIC METHODS Fingerprint recognition, retina scanning etc Don’t need to remember card Can have scanners in all classrooms Can be used for same other purposes as smart cards Drawbacks: Scanners need cleaning Expensive Need consent to use fingerprints

COMPUTER REGISTRATION SYSTEMS : 

COMPUTER REGISTRATION SYSTEMS Capture attendance accurately Capture automatically Have good security Record morning, afternoon & each lesson Inexpensive Interface with other school systems

ADVANTAGES OF ICT REGISTRATION : 

ADVANTAGES OF ICT REGISTRATION Can use real time system Less admin for teachers Students cannot abuse system Encourages student responsibility Records exactly how late students are No need for register movements Reports can be used to identify patterns Takes up far less space than paper based systems

STUDENT RECORD KEEPING : 

STUDENT RECORD KEEPING UPN unique pupil no. Surname Forename DOB Gender Ethnic origin Religion Previous school Name of parents Doctor’s name Emergency contact details

STUDENT RECORD KEEPING : 

STUDENT RECORD KEEPING Written reports National Curriculum results Major incidents-accidents, bullying Exam results Letters to parents-serious matters SIMS demo

STUDENT RECORD KEEPING : 

STUDENT RECORD KEEPING Reduce teacher workload Provide up-to date info. for parents Help managers make decisions Tackle truancy

OTHER ICT SYSTEMS : 

OTHER ICT SYSTEMS Internet-staff research, UCAS, etc. Intranet-exchange info. between staff Word-processing Spreadsheets Presentation software Electronic data interchange-downloading exam results Timetabling software