Italy PowerPoint

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Italy Shelby Fromm October 24 th , 2012 Professor Effie Jones World Geography Country Assignment: Italy

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Capital: Rome is the Capital of Italy Size: Italy covers around 116,300 sq miles (301,300 km²) Italy is a peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea, and its most famous feature is its boot like shape. Italy

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Population: approximately 58 million Italy’s Major Cities which take up about 70% of its population include: Rome, Milan, Naples, Genoa, and Venice. Most people live in northern Italy, particularly on the west coast around Rome and Naples, and in the Po Valley. The remainder of the population live in the more rural areas in Southern Italy. Italy's Population

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Italy's Geography The Mountains The Lakes The Plains The Coast The Islands

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Italy's Flag Been in use since June 19 th 1946 and was formally adopted on January 1 st 1948 The three colors of the flag were chosen by the Republic. The Red and White were the colors of the Milan flag, and the green was the color of the uniform of Milanese civic guard Color representation: Green – represents the country’s plains and hills White – represents the snow-capped Alps Red – represents the blood spilt in the Wars of Italian Independence Religious Interpretation – Green=hope, White=faith, Red=charity

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Historical Sites The Leaning Tower of Pisa The Tower of Pisa was built over 800 years ago in the province of Pisa and district of Tuscany. It is the free standing bell tower of the cathedral, but known for its unintended tilt. The tower is the third oldest structure in Piazza del Duomo (Pisa’s cathedral square). The tilt began during its construction, and was caused by the soft ground it was built on. The tilt continued until it was recently stabilized. The tower has a height of 183.27ft from the ground on the lower side, and 186.02ft from the ground on the high side.

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Historical Sites Cont. The Colosseum The Colosseum is located in Rome which is the capital of Italy. This historic building was once the largest amphitheatre in the Roman Empire. It was built in the first century AD by Emperor Vespasian. Its construction was a symbol of the Vespasian’s new rule after his predecessor, Nero. The Colosseum was built in the former gardens of Nero’s palace. Completed in 80 AD, it was opened by Titus (Vespasian’s son) and started with one hundred days of games. At the end of the Roman Empire, the Colosseum was the place where gladiators, lions, and those accused of crimes were put to the test. Since the end of the Empire, the Colosseum has suffered from many destructive forces, but is still a frequently visited historic site.

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Italy's Culture and Customs Italian is the official language of Italy, and 93% of population are native Italian speakers. The family is the centre of the social structure in Italy and provides a stabilizing influence for its members. In the North usually only the immediate family lives together, while in the south more of the extended family lives together. First impressions and appearances are very important to Italians. The way you look indicates a lot about your life, and how you are viewed. The church respects hierarchy, which can be seen in all Italian relationships. They respect those who are older, those who have achieved a level of business success, and those who come from well-connected families .

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Italy's Education The school system in Italy is offered free to all children in Italy, and they are required to attend school from the age of six to sixteen. The education system in Italy is divided in to five phases: kindergarten, primary school, lower secondary school, upper secondary school, and university. Both Upper secondary School and Universities do require a tuition in order to attend. The main subjects that are taught in this system include English, Italian, Mathematics, Biology, Geology, History, Geography, Social Studies, Physical Education and Visual Musical Arts. School system tends to focus on rote memorization and obedience over creativity . Once a student as completed upper secondary school, they must pass a test in order to receive their Diploma di Maturita, and go onto University level education .

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Italy's Food Culture Italian food culture is all about joy, family, and tradition. Meal time is the time when everything is put aside in order to enjoy time with your family. Traditional meal: Aperitivo – Champaign Antipasto - appetizers Main course Primo – pasta, risotto or a soup Secondo – meat or fish with many side dishes Contorno – Dessert Frutta - fruits Dolce - Sweets Caffé – coffee Digestivo - small amount of liquor like limoncello (lemon liquor)

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Italy's Food Culture Cont. Pasta Pasta is NEVER a side dish! Every type of pasta sauce has its own type of pasta shape to go with it. For instance, Olive Sauce goes great with penne or rigatoni, but not spaghetti. Sauces like Ragu are pretty versatile. Spaghetti should never be cut, but twirled. Pasta should always be cooked al dente. Never eat pasta and meat in the same course or dish! Always eat your pasta course first, then your meat or fish. Ketchup is NOT a sauce! Especially a pasta sauce! Drinks Coffee really means espresso in Italy, however; variations are accepted. Cappuccino is strictly for breakfast or afternoon break, but never for a meal. During a meal only wine and water are usually permitted, unless you are having pizza when you can have soda or beer. Dressings and Condiments NEVER add parmesan to a fish-based dish! Only olive oil, vinegar, lemon and salt are ingredients for salad dressing.

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Italy's Religion Catholicism The primary religion in Italy is Roman Catholic. There are more Catholic churches per capita in Italy than in any other country. It was in Italy that Catholic theology first developed and the Pope, who is the official head of the Catholic religion, resides in the Vatican City in Italy. Although secular practices have had an impact on the culture and customs of Italians, certain religious rights are still practiced. Every year there are several feasts and festivals that have their origins in the Christian religion. The majority of marriages in Italy still take place in a church and are administered by an official man of religion. First Holy Communion which is a right of passage for all young members of the Catholic religion is observed by the majority of people in Italy. Many children are named for a particular saint and celebrate their saint's day as if it were their own birthday. There is also mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community.

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Italian Style Appearances matter in Italy. The way you dress can indicate your social status, your family's background, and your education level. First impressions are lasting impressions in Italy. The concept of 'bella figura' or good image is important to Italians. They unconsciously assess another person's age and social standing in the first few seconds of meeting them, often before any words are exchanged. Clothes are important to Italians. They are extremely fashion conscious and judge people on their appearance. You will be judged on your clothes, shoes, accessories and the way you carry yourself. Italy's Clothing

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Italy's Transportation Railways Roads Waterways Ports and Harbors Airports Genoa Port Motorway Rome Fiumicino airport Frecciarossa high-speed train Venice Italy Waterway

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Italy's Arts Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) One of the worlds greatest painters of the Italian Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci is one of Italy’s most famous artists.

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(2010). Italian Food Customs . [ONLINE] Available at: www.discoveritalianfood.com/italian-food-customs.html . [Last Accessed 30 October 2012 ]. (2012). Italy - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/italy-country-profile.html. [Last Accessed e.g. 31 August 11]. (2012). The Colosseum . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.historvius.com/the-colosseum-272/. [Last Accessed 30 October 2012 ]. The Geography of Italy . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.understandingitaly.com/profile-content/geography.html. [Last Accessed 30 October 2012 ]. Microsoft Corporation (1998). Italy Geography . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.kidport.com/reflib/worldgeography/italy/italy.htm. [Last Accessed 30 October 2012 ]. Work Cited

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