Resource Degradation

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Resource Degradation and Rural Livelihoods:

Resource Degradation and Rural Livelihoods

The Meaning:

The Meaning Resource: A stock or supply of money, materials, staff, and other assets that can be drawn on by a person or organization in order to function. Resource degradation is the deterioration of the resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. Acc. to UN it is “the reduction of the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological objectives, and needs”

Degradation: Types:

Degradation: Types Water deteriotion Land degradation Air pollution Mining degradation

Degradation: Types Water deteriotion:

Degradation: Types Water deteriotion Estimated that 1 in 3 people over the entire globe are already facing water shortages. 1/5th of the world’s population live in areas of physical water scarcity. The worst sufferers are the rural people as they do not have the luxury of municipal water supply.

Degradation: Types Water deteriotion:

Degradation: Types Water deteriotion Causes Chemicals and other contaminants Thermal pollution Thermal pollution is the rise or fall in the temperature of a natural body of water caused by human influence. Thermal pollution, unlike chemical pollution, results in a change in the physical properties of water. Common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers Domestic sewage Industrial wastewater

Water deteriotion and Rural livelihoods:

Water deteriotion and Rural livelihoods Water-borne diseases Lack of medical facilities make them the worst sufferers. Ground water contamination T heir source of drinking water is also affected Aquatic animals die due to pollution Source of livelihood affected

Degradation: Types Land degradation:

Degradation: Types Land degradation The reduction in the capacity of the land to provide ecosystem goods and services and assure its functions over a period of time

Degradation: Types Land degradation:

Degradation: Types Land degradation Components of land degradation: Loss of biodiversity Decrease in the number of plant and animal species Salinization Rapid increase in the salt content in soil. Loss in fertility of soil.

Degradation: Types Land degradation:

Degradation: Types Land degradation Out-migration Many villages have been abandoned because of low fertility of lands.

Land degradation and Rural livelihoods:

Land degradation and Rural livelihoods Loss of fertility results in lower agriculture production Forced to buy grains Increase in poverty The one and only source of income, i.e agriculture is badly affected Number of diseases also surface. Livestock are affected as they do cannot be fed properly. Livestock are exposed to diseases.

Degradation: Types air pollution:

Degradation: Types air pollution Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter or biological materials into the atmosphere that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environment. Causes: Emission from factories Burning of firewood

Degradation: Types air pollution:

Degradation: Types air pollution Health Effects: Cardio-vascular diseases Skin problems Lung cancer Bronchial asthma Breathing problems

Degradation : types mining degradation:

Degradation : types mining degradation Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological resources from the earth. The nature of mining processes create a potential negative impact on the environment both during the mining operations and for years after the mine is closed

Causes: :

Causes: Scientific methods of mining are not used Land reclamation is not done after mining is over Replantation is also not done Precautionary measures are not taken

Environmental impact of mining:

Environmental impact of mining Soil Erosion Formation of sinkholes Loss of biodiversity Contamination of soil, groundwater and surface water

Conclusion :

Conclusion We must understand that rural livelihoods is deeply connected to the resource availability. Rural areas have been facing the brunt of industrialization and modernization. Government has taken little efforts to correct the problem Forest rights act of 2006 is one of the efforts taken by govt to redress the issue. Recently environment ministry has also become pro-active in closing down polluting industries.

PowerPoint Presentation:

In the end we must realize that we must be responsible while using the resources . Today rural areas are suffering, tomorrow everyone of will suffer as our lives are interdependent

PowerPoint Presentation:

Thank You! Group-7