Rheumatic heart disease

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Rheumatic heart disease:

Rheumatic heart disease Shantoria Campbell

What is Rheumatic heart disease?:

What is Rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the most common acquired heart disease in children in many countries of the world, especially in developing countries. RHD is a chronic heart condition caused by rheumatic fever that can be prevented and controlled.

What causes the disorder?:

What causes the disorder? Rheumatic fever is caused by a preceding group A streptococcal (strep) infection.

Incidence:

Incidence At least 15.6 million people are estimated to be currently affected by RHD with a significant number of them requiring repeated hospitalization and, often unaffordable, heart surgery in the next five to 20 years.

How can it be prevented?:

How can it be prevented? the best way of preventing rheumatic heart disease is by preventing episodes of rheumatic fever.

Risk Factors:

Risk Factors Risk factors include poverty, overcrowding and reduced access to medical care. Certain strains of strep bacteria are more likely to contribute to rheumatic fever than are other strains poor sanitation and other conditions that may easily result in the rapid transmission or multiple exposures to strep bacteria.

Treatment options:

Treatment options Treatment of acute rheumatic fever includes antibiotics to treat the strep infection and additional medications to ease the inflammation of the heart and other symptoms aspirin is given in large doses until the joint inflammation goes away; rarely, steroids are needed Once the acute illness has gone away, patients need to take penicillin

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