Curriculum Development : Curriculum Development BY
SUROBHI DUTTA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT : CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT Curriculum development is a specialized task which requires systematic thinking about the objectives to be achieved, learning experiences to be provided, evaluation of changes brought out by the curricular activities. Steps of curriculum development : Steps of curriculum development Assessment of educational needs
Formulation of objectives
Selection and organization of content
Selection and organization of learning experiences
Evaluation Assessment of educational needs : Assessment of educational needs Need assessment is for determining what the curriculum should be for a given population during a particular period of time.
Two means of needs assessment:-
a) felt needs – needs assessed through field studies.
b) secondary sources- it is the analyzing of existing data, such as education commission reports , govt policies etc. needs assessed through this are called observed needs Slide 5: Real needs – considering the potential and limitations of the educaion system, a list of priority areas can be prepared known as real needs.
real needs = felt needs + observed needs FELT NEEDS OBSERVED NEEDS REAL NEEDS Formulating educational objectives : Formulating educational objectives The following points must be kept into consideration for this :-
Matching – objectives should be related to the broad goals of education from which they are derived.
Worth – it relates to weather attaining an objective has value in the life of the student in the present or future. Slide 7: Wording – he statements of the objectives should be worded properly.
Appropriateness – all objects should be derived from and cater to the needs and interests of the students.
Logical grouping – the objectives should be properly organized in a coherent manner.
Revision – the objectives needs periodic revision because the needs, knowledge change at a fast pace. Criteria for content selection : Criteria for content selection Content refers to the subject matter or compendium of facts, concepts etc.
The content selected should contribute to the students knowledge or understanding of the reality of human life. Slide 9: KNOWLEDGE
and putting it to
various uses) Criteria for content selection : Criteria for content selection Self-sufficiency – this helps In attaining self-sufficiency in an economical manner i.e. economy of teaching efforts.
Significance – the content to be lraned should be significant in terms of its contribution to the basic ideas, concepts.
Validity – it relates to the authenticity of the content selected. Slide 11: Interest- the content should suit the personality and intellectual capabilities of the students
Utility – it is concerned with the usefulness of the content.
Learnability- this criteria emphasizes on the optimal placement and appropriate organization and sequencing of the content.
Feasibility – it compels the planners to analyse and examine the content in the light of the time and resources available to the students,costs involved, socio-political climate etc. Organization of the content : Organization of the content It demands a through understanding of the teaching leaning process.
Important aspects for this:-
c) integration Slide 13: a) Sequencing- it means putting the content and materials into some sort of order of succession.
b) Continuity- content should provide continuity n learning and prevent loss through forgetting. The students should be provided with experiences step by step.
c) Integration- learning is more effective when facts and principles from one field can be related to another, esp when applying knowledge. Selecting learning experiences : Selecting learning experiences Learning experiences means learning activities which shape the learner’s orientation to the content and ultimately their understanding of it. Few questions should be addressed before we select learning experiences : Few questions should be addressed before we select learning experiences Do the learning experiences function the way we wish them to in overall aims and specific objectives of the curriculum?
Will the student be able to apply the knowledge in real life?
is it feasible in terms of expertise staff, time, cost, resources to lean the content ina feasible time? Evaluating the curriculum : Evaluating the curriculum Evaluation means to assess the extent of the objectives o the curriculum are achieved through implementation of curriculum. OBJECTIVES ACTIVITIES EVALUATION Slide 17: The evaluation of any purposeful activity should have certain characteristics :-
a) consistency with the objectives of curriculum.
b) sufficient diagnostic value
e) continuity Slide 18: OBJECTIVES EVALUATION CONTENT METHODS Slide 19: THANK YOU