observation method for data collection

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Submitted to: SIR OBAID S. KAMAL Submitted by: SHAKIL-UR-REHMAN AA-580996

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HFH is one of the biggest Govt. Health Care provided hospital in the twin cities (RWP/ISB), the study is conducted in above mentioned hospital and the data was primary.

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Observation is a primary method of collecting data by human, mechanical, electrical or electronics means with direct or indirect contact. Observation is the main source of information in the field research. The researcher goes into the field and observes the conditions in their natural state. There are many types of observation, direct or indirect, participant or non-participant, obtrusive or non-obtrusive, structured or non-structured etc.

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Observation is a technique that involves systematically selecting, watching & recording: * Behaviour * Events * Noting Physical Characteristics

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Data collection possibilities are wide and varied with any one method of collection not inherently better than any other Each has pros and cons that must be weighed up in view of a rich and complex context

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All methods of collection require rigorous and systematic design and execution that includes Thorough planning Well considered development Effective piloting Weighed modification Deliberate implementation and execution Appropriate management and analysis

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PRIMARY: Primary data are those data which are collected fresh and 1st time & thus happens to be original in character. SECONDARY: Secondary data someone else has collected

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COMMUNICATION METHODS: Interacting with respondents Asking for their opinions, attitudes, motivations, characteristics OBSERVATION METHODS: No interaction with respondents Letting them behave naturally and drawing conclusions from their actions

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Observation Method Interview Method Through Questionnaires Through Schedules Other Method

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Observation relies on the researchers’ ability to gather data though their senses - and allows researchers to document actual behaviour rather than responses related to behaviour However, the observed can act differently when surveilled, and observations can be tainted by a researcher’s worldview

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OBSERVATION CAN RANGE FROM: From structured to unstructured Disguised or Undisguised Natural or Contrived Non-participant to Participant Personal Mechanical

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The observation process is sometimes treated casually, but is a method that needs to be treated as rigorously as any other The process should include planning, observing, recording, reflecting, and authenticating

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Methods of collection data depends upon: Nature of problem Time and Money available Mostly, data is collected through use of primary source. one has to collect primary data for which a number of methods are available such as observations, in-depth techniques, experiments and surveys.

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Lack of Facilities (Funds, Grants, Technology, Training, Research & Development) Poor Administration Communication Problem Traditional Data Collection Method Untrained observers

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Determine the Focus Design a system for data collection Recording sheets & Checklists Observation guides Field Notes Select the sits Select the observers Trained the observers

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Time your observation appropriately Educational Institute Health Care Facilities Research & Development National & International Relations via (Video Conferencing, Delegation and Conferences/Lectures etc….)