SV AGreement Phase 1 (Day 16)

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Day 16

Writing Time :

Writing Time It’s March 14. Today is “ National Potato Chip Day .” What is your favorite advertising slogan for potato chips? What kind of potato chips do you like best and why? What is your favorite snack and why? Trivial Fact of the Day : Tigers have striped skin as well as striped fur. Ever seen a shaved tiger? Interesting Quote of the Day : “Peace begins with a smile.” --Mother Teresa (Catholic humanitarian) Vocabulary Word of the Day : innovation (noun) – this is a fancy word that can be used as a synonym for a beneficial new invention or product. This word contains the Latin root nov - , which means new . Re nov ate (to make something new again) and nov ice (a person new to something) also use this root. What is the best innovation you can remember?

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Good News

Subject-Verb Agreement:

TEXTBOOK Chapter 24 Pages 500 - 506 Subject-Verb Agreement

Keep Your Eyes Open:

Keep Your Eyes Open Although often overlooked, problems with Subject-Verb Agreement are REAL! To help avoid these errors, we will discuss: How to make Subjects and Verbs agree in number What to do with tricky subjects like Each and Every What to do with compound subjects Learn to spot and correct these errors and become a believer.

Recognizing Subjects and Verbs:

Recognizing Subjects and Verbs A complete sentence must have a SUBJECT and a VERB. The subject is the who or what that performs the action. The verb is the action word.

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Subject-verb agreement simply means that singular subjects must be paired with singular verbs and plural subjects with plural verbs. Look at this example: Singular: She lives in Alberta. The subject she is singular because it refers to only one person. The verb lives is singular and matches the singular subject. Here is the same sentence in plural form: Plural: They live in Alberta. The subject they is plural, referring to more than one person, and the verb live is also plural.

Spot the Subject and Verb:

Spot the Subject and Verb The players on our side are strong. The players on our side are strong. Players is the subject and are is the verb. Once you’ve identified the Subject and the Verb , you have to make sure they agree in Number . Singular subjects require singular verbs and plural subjects require plural verbs.

What Next?:

What Next? An easy way to make your subjects and verbs agree is to think about the S . Usually, plural nouns end with the letter S and singular nouns do not. Verbs are the opposite: For the most part, singular verbs end with the letter S and plural verbs do not.

Therefore . . . :

Therefore . . . The car S run, but the car run S . The plural noun cars takes the plural verb run . There is only one S in the pair. The singular noun car takes the singular verb runs . Again , There is only one S in the pair.

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Words Separating Subjects and Verbs When words come between the subject and the verb in a sentence, checking that the subject and verb agree is sometimes tricky. Often the words between the subject and verb are prepositional phrases. A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and functions as a unit. Here are some examples: Prepositional phrase: The donation for the charity center was generous . When you cross out the prepositional phrase, you can tell that the singular subject, donation, and the singular verb, is, agree. Prepositional Phrase: The stars in the sky twinkle brightly. When you cross out the prepositional phrase, you can tell that the plural subject, stars, and the plural verb, twinkle, agree.

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Sentences with Here or There In sentences that begin with Here or There, the verb always comes before the subject. Don't forget to cross out prepositional phrases for help in identifying the subject. One of the words that are left will be the subject, and then you can check that the verb agrees with it. Here are some examples: Verb Before Subject: Here are the contestants for the game. Verb Before Subject: There is paper in the filing cabinet. Questions Beginning with Who, What, Where, When, Why, or How In questions that begin with Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How, the verb comes before the subject, as in the first example below, or is split by the subject, as in the second example. Verb Before Subject: Where are the keys to this lock? Verb Before Subject: When are you graduating from college?

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Compound Subjects A subject may consist of more than one noun joined together by a coordinating conjunction. These subjects are called compound subjects. Follow these three rules when matching a verb to a compound subject. Rule 1 : When compound subjects are joined by and, use a plural verb. Plural: Maria and Tom were my best friends. The singular words Maria and Tom together make a plural subject. Therefore, the plural verb were is needed. Rule 2 : When the subject appears to have more than one part but the parts refer to a single unit, use a singular verb. Singular: Vinegar and oil is great on a salad. Vinegar is one item and oil is one item, but one is not eaten without the other, so they form a single unit. Because they are a single unit, they require a singular verb— is . Rule 3 : When compound subjects are joined by or or nor, make the verb agree with the subject closest to it. Singular: Neither bananas nor chicken was available at the store. The part of the compound subject closest to the verb is chicken, which is singular. Therefore, the verb must be singular— was. Plural: Neither chicken nor bananas were available at the store. This time, the part of the compound subject closest to the verb is bananas, which is plural. Therefore, the verb must be plural— were.

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The student and the instructor work long hours. The subject consists of two people. Therefore, it is plural.


Example: Spaghetti and meatballs has a place on many menus. Spaghetti and meatballs is acting as a unit, as a singular subject.

End of First Half of SVA:

End of First Half of SVA STOP. PROCESS. PRACTICE. Text: Chapter 24, page 500 CONTINUE TUESDAY.

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