TRANSPORT SECTOR

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TRANSPORT SECTOR IN INDIA:

TRANSPORT SECTOR IN INDIA SETHU MADHAVAN S1 MBA, NO 52

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Transport system of India is an important part of the nation’s economy India have a wide variety of modes transport by Road,Rail,Pipeline,Water and Air In India, public transport still remains the primary mode of transport Indian railways is the largest and fourth most heavily utilized system in the world.

TRADITIONAL MODES:

TRADITIONAL MODES Walking Palanquin Bullock carts and horse carriages Bicycles Hand-pulled rickshaws Cycle rickshaws Trams

MODERN MODES OF TRANSPORTATION:

MODERN MODES OF TRANSPORTATION RAILWAYS ROADWAYS WATERWAYS AIRWAYS PIPELINE

RAILWAYS:

RAILWAYS The trains were introduced by the British in 1853 . Indian railway is one of the largest railways under single management It carries 17 million passengers and 2 million tons of goods per day The railway play a leading role in carrying passengers and cargo across India There are 16 railway zones in India . There are almost 8000 railway stations in the country.

METRO RAIWAY:

METRO RAIWAY India's 1 st and Asia's 5 th metro rail was introduced in Kolkata . Requires 1/5 th energy per passenger km compared to road based transport system. Causes less noise, no air pollution and eco friendly transport system . Occupies no road space if underground and only about 2.60 meters width of the road if elevated . FUTURE & PROPOSED METRO RAILWAY Mumbai Metro Rail,Bangalore Metro Rail., Hydrabad Metro Rail.,Chennai Metro Rail.,Kochi Metro Rail

ROADWAYS:

ROADWAYS Roads are the dominant mode of transportation in India They carry almost 90% of the country’s passenger traffic and 65% of its freights Road network of India is the largest road net work in the world [3.314 Million km]

WATERWAYS:

WATERWAYS There are two types of waterways Inland waterways Ocean waterways It has a fleet of 79 ships of 27 lakhs of GT 1.2 GT behalf of various government departments and other organizations It is a traditional mode of transportation

INLAND WATER TRANSPORT :

INLAND WATER TRANSPORT Inland Water Transport (IWT) is an environment friendly mode of transport ƒIndia has an extensive network of rivers, lakes and canals which , upon development, can provide an efficient network of inland transportation

LOGISTICS:

LOGISTICS Logistics is the management of the flow of resources, not only goods, between the point of origin and the point of destination in order to meet the requirements of customers or corporations The industry has generated employment for 45 million people in the country in comparison with the IT and ITeS sector which employs approximately 4.3 million people .

AIRWAYS:

AIRWAYS There are many airlines which are operating in India Air India, is the India’s flag carrier in airways There are 335 civilian airports in India, 27 of them are international airports The rapid growth in the economy of India has made air travel more affordable now a days .

Delivery of digitized products :

Delivery of digitized products A ny goods that are stored, delivered and used in its electronic format. Digital goods are shipped electronically to the consumer through e-mail or download from the Internet. Examples of digital goods include e-books, music files, software, digital images, Web site templates

PIPELINES:

PIPELINES Facility used to transport commodities from point of receipt to the point of delivery Pipelines are the best suitable mode for transportation of large volume of petroleum over long leads Crude oil, petroleum products and gas are the most common commodities transported by pipelines

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION Transportation sector constitutes the basic linkage between the supply and demand Over years inland freight traffic has been shifted from rail to road Modes of transportation used for bulk freight traffic Transportation sector is one of the fastest growing sector

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