culture of Australia

Category: Education

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Spis Tresci : 

Spis Tresci 1. Culture of Australia 2. Arts in Australia 3. Architecture 4. Cuisine

Arts in Australia : 

Arts in Australia The vigour and originality of the arts in Australia — film, music, painting, theatre, dance and crafts — has achieved international recognition. In practice, it is difficult to discern much about Australian culture by examining the isolated peaks of music, dance or literature. Traditional "high culture" gains small attention from much of the population, in contrast to popular culture. High culture thrives with excellent galleries (even in small towns); a rich tradition in ballet, enlivened by the legacy of Dame Margot Fonteyn and Sir Robert Helpmann, and continuing with Graeme Murphy; a strong national opera company based in Sydney; and excellent symphony orchestras in all capital cities, particularly the Melbourne and Sydney symphony orchestras.

Culture of Australia : 

Culture of Australia The old culture of Australia is a Western culture and draws from many sources, primarily from the Anglo-Celtic cultures, but also from Aboriginal cultures, the multi-ethnic immigration associated with the Australian gold rushes of the 1850s, and post-World War II immigrants from all over the world.******* Mainstream Australian culture has been strongly influenced by British culture and European culture and more recently the culture of the United States of America. There are, however, distinctive influences from the Australian natural environment, the country's settler history, indigenous Australians, geographical isolation from other Western nations and proximity to Asia. The demographics of Australia show it to be one of the most urbanised populations in the world; the majority of Australians live on the coast with the outback being sparsely populated. Australia's cities are melting pots of different cultures and the influence of the longer-established southern European communities in particular has been pervasive. The great post-World War II influx of both English and non English-speaking migrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, Italy, Greece, Germany, Former Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, the Netherlands, Malta, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, East Asia and South-East Asia has had a significant impact. Lesser numbers of immigrants have come from the African and American continents.

Architecture : 

Architecture Contemporary Australian architecture includes a number of iconic structures, including the Sydney Opera House (the original design being by Jorn Utzon), the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne and Parliament House, Canberra. Significant architects include Harry Seidler and Francis Greenway. In the period before European settlement of Australia in 1788, evidence of permanent structures built by indigenous Australians in Australia is limited. Much of what they built was temporary for housing and other needs. As a British colony, the first European buildings were derivative of the European fashions of the time. Tents and wattle and daub huts preceded more substantial structures. Georgian architecture is seen in early government buildings of Sydney and Tasmania and the homes of the wealthy. While the major Australian cities enjoyed the boom of the Victorian Era, the Australian gold rushes of the mid-19th century brought major construction works and exuberant Victorian architecture to the major cities, particularly Melbourne, and major provincials such as Ballarat and Bendigo. Other significant architectural movements in Australian architecture include the Federation style of the turn of the 20th century and the modern styles of the late 20th century which also saw many older buildings demolished. Significant concern was raised during the 1960s, with green bans and heritage concerns responding to the destruction of earlier buildings and the skyscraper boom particularly in Sydney. Green bans helped to protect historic eighteenth century buildings in The Rocks from being demolished to make way for office towers, and prevented the Royal Botanic Gardens from being turned into a car park for the Sydney Opera House.

Cuisine : 

Cuisine Originally, traditional Australian cuisine was based on English cooking brought to the country by the British settlers. This cuisine generally consisted of Sunday roasts, grilled chops and other forms of meat and was generally accompanied by vegetables (often known colloquially as "meat & three veg") such as mashed potatoes, beans, peas and carrots. The barbecue remains an important part of Australian life. The 'barbie', an icon of Australian cuisine and culture, has developed and grown as a party/gathering tradition. Another culturally significant item of cuisine is the Australian meat pie. The range of cuisines available in the multicultural cities of Australia has developed greatly due to a high level of immigration. Italian, Chinese, Thai, Greek, Arab, Indian, Turkish, Vietnamese and Mexican foods are very popular and are maintained at an accomplished level of authentic quality by a thriving restaurant trade in many cities for the enjoyment of Australians of all backgrounds. The influx of immigrants living in Australia has brought many new dishes to the country and it is becoming a feature of Australian cuisine to take standard meals and add elements sourced from different cultures. South Australia has a strong culture of appreciation of South Australian food and drink. This has resulted from a combination of factors, including a strong local produce industry and influence from immigrants

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