SS-2201 World Geography Power Point New Zealand

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NEW ZEALAND By: SEANZIE SELERS Professor: Effie Jones World Geography – SS-2201

New Zealand’s Flag:

New Zealand’s Flag

Location and Size:

Location and Size New Zealand is a cluster of islands located in Oceania, which is southeast of Australia. There are two “main” islands, the North Island which has been named Te Ika a Maui, and the South Island called Pounamu . In addition to the two main islands, there are some near on-shore islands and smaller outlying islands of which include the Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, and Auckland Islands. New Zealand’s total land area is 268,670 square kilometers (103,733 square miles) which is about the size of Colorado and is slightly larger than the UK but a bit smaller than Japan. The coastline alone is about 15,134 kilometers (9,404 miles). New Zealand’s capital, Wellington, is located at the south end of North Island . Which island looks like an upside down boot?


Population New Zealand’s population, when compared to their land area is significantly smaller at about 4.4 million people. This averages out to only be about 13 to 16 people per square kilometer. As it turns out however, the population is unevenly distributed. Three-quarters of the population rests on the North Island, and one-third lies in the largest city, Auckland. Over the years, Auckland has grown faster than the rest of the country, being the center of much manufacturing and, more recently, service industries. More than half of all migrants have settled in Auckland, with about two-thirds of the new migrants from the Pacific and Asia, having settled there . In 2000 the birth rate stood at 15.3 per 1,000 population while the death rate was 7.8 per 1,000 population. With a projected annual population growth rate of about 1 percent between 1996 and 2010, the population reached 4,207,000 by 2010. It has outgrown that number since then.


Migration Throughout several years, New Zealand had a net migration loss of New Zealand citizens who moved to Australia, the United Kingdom, and elsewhere. Because of this, one of the objectives of the most recent immigration policy in 1987 was to offset this loss with new migrants, preferably those with skills and investment capital. While migrants from the United Kingdom continued to arrive, a new migration stream came from Asia predominately from China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Korea. These new populations gave way to an increasingly multicultural society. Officials estimate that Asians will make up 13% of the population by 2021 from about 9% in 2009.


Ethnicity Europeans are the largest of the major ethnic groups in New Zealand, holding about 67.6 percent of the population in 2006. The Māori ethnic group is the second largest, with about 14.6 percent of the population. Of all the major ethnic groups, the Asian ethnic group grew the fastest between 2001 and 2006, increasing roughly 50 percent from 2001 to 2006. To me, this seems to be a staggering amount! Those identifying with the Pacific peoples ethnic group had the second-largest increase of about 14.7 percent.

Religion and Language:

Religion and Language New Zealand has no state church. Most of the religions practiced in New Zealand were acquired and learned by the peoples who migrated there. According to a 2001 census, roughly 55% of the population are Christian. Anglicans are the largest denomination and hold about 15% of the population. Roughly 13 % of the population are Roman Catholic, 11% Presbyterians, 3% Methodists, 1% Baptist, 1% Mormon, and 1% Ratana , (this is a Maori Christian group). Ringatu and Ratana are small Christian sects that are indigenous to New Zealand. About 1% of the population is Hindu and 1% Buddhist. There are also small numbers of Sikhs, Muslims, and Rastafarians. English is the dominant language spoken in New Zealand. When New Zealanders are not speaking English, Māori is the second most commonly spoken language, followed by Samoan, French, Hindi, Yue and Northern Chinese.


Industry Forestry: The forestry industry makes up just over 10 percent of exports by value including logs, processed wood, wood pulp, and paper. In previous times, logging has taken place in the indigenous forests of New Zealand. The depletion of these forests and the strong political support for their conservation (in large part due to the severity of species becoming extinct) have resulted in an end to this practice. As of now, the timber industry is centered itself on the exotic forests, mainly of pine. The largest forests are in the center of the North Island, but smaller plantations are found in various parts of the country. The main destination hot spots for forestry products are Australia, Japan, Korea, and the United States however, and while a great deal of processing takes place in New Zealand, there is also a large trade in unprocessed logs. Fishing: New Zealand’s Exclusive Economic Zone is 1.3 million square nautical miles, an area of about 15 times its land mass. Commonly referred to as the EEZ, this is an area that extends 200 miles from the coastline and provides the country the rights to economic resources and fish. While this may seem significantly fair, most of the waters in this area are extremely deep and un-suitable for many of the commercially significant fish species. Nevertheless, fishing is still an important industry accounting for about 5 percent of the country’s exports, in addition to supplying the domestic market. A growing part of the fishing industry more generally is aquaculture, especially the cultivation of salmon, green-shell mussels, and Pacific oysters.

Industry Continued:

Industry Continued Mining: Minerals make up about 3 percent of the country’s total exports, not including aluminum. The mineral with the highest value of production is iron and steel, processed from black iron sands that are located on the west coast of the North Island. A nearby smelter provides iron and steel for the domestic market as well as for export. At the southern tip of the South Island, a large aluminum smelter processes bauxite from Queensland using hydroelectric stations. This accounted for 4.2 percent of the exports in 1999. Imagine what it accounts for now! Gold has been minded since the 19 th century and there is a small, steady production of this and silver. Manufacturing: Throughout the 20th century the processing of food products was a significant factor in manufacturing however as a part of the economic restructuring from 1984 onwards, food production slowed due to the rapid reduction in tariffs on most imported manufactured goods. Many of the imported manufactures came from countries with low labor costs. New Zealand manufacturing enterprises simply could not compete on the basis of price. Since then, New Zealand has established a reputation for the production of carpets, particularly those made with high quality wool. With its ongoing successes in international yachting, New Zealand is also establishing a reputation for the construction of both hi-tech sailing yachts and luxury leisure boats.

Extinct Species:

Extinct Species





PowerPoint Presentation:

Interesting Facts: New Zealand has two official National Anthems of equal standing – God Defend New Zealand and God Save the Queen . You drive on the left side of the road in New Zealand, and always give way to cars on your right New Zealand is part of the Pacific Rim of Fire. Mount Ruapehu , situated in the middle of North Island, is the most active volcano on mainland.

Interesting Facts Continued:

Interesting Facts Continued New Zealand remains loyal to the British. To become a Citizen, you would need to swear fealty to Queen Elizabeth. Children 14 and under were more likely than people 15 years and over to belong to more than one ethnic group. The differences between the youngest and oldest age groups are the most pronounced. In 2006, 19.7 percent of children were reported as belonging to two or more ethnic groups, compared with 3.5 percent of people 65 years of age and over . In New Zealand, one dollar equals 100 cents. They have coins ranging in 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents. They also have 1 and 2 dollar bills. Notes are of 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 dollars . In April, 2008, New Zealand became the first western country to sign a free trade deal with China.

Fun Facts:

Fun Facts Kiwi refers to New Zealand’s native flightless bird and also used as a slang term for a New Zealander. Kiwis call the fruit kiwifruit, also known as Chinese Gooseberries. The Treaty of Waitangi, signed on 6 February 1840, establish a British governor in New Zealand, recognized Maori ownership of their lands and other properties, and gave Maori the rights of British subjects. Auckland City Sky Tower is the tallest freestanding structure in the Southern Hemisphere at 328 meters. New Zealand and Australasia’s highest mountain is Aoraki Mount Cook, standing at 3,754 meters. 30% of New Zealand land is forest. Ninety-mile beach is only 55miles long. The largest glacier in New Zealand is the Tasman Glacier at 28.5km long. Gisborne is the first major city in the world to see the sunrise. It is 496.3kilometres away from the International Date Line. New Zealand was the first country to have its three top positions held simultaneously by women – Prime Minister Helen Clark, Governor General Dame Silvia Cartwright and Chief Justice Sian Elias. The Lord of the Rings was filmed entirely in New Zealand.

Extinctions since mid-19th century European settlement [edit] Auckland Islands Merganser, Mergus australis Chatham Islands Rail, Cabalus modestus Dieffenbach's Rail, Gallirallus dieffenbachii South Island Snipe, Coenocorypha iredalei North Island Snipe, Coenocorypha barrierensis New Zealand Quail, Coturnix novaezelandidae North Island Takahe, Porphyrio mantelli South Island Kokako, Callaeas cinerea cinerea (Believed extinct from the 1960s, but recent reports suggest a small population may still survive.) Huia, Heteralocha acutirostris South Island Piopio, Turnagra capensis North Island Piopio, Turnagra tanagra Chatham Islands Bellbird, Anthornis melanocephala New Zealand Little Bittern, Ixobrychus novaezelandiae Stephens Island Wren, Traversia lyalii Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes South Island Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes longipes North Island Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes stokesi Stewart Island Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes variabilis Chatham Islands Fernbird, Bowdleria rufescens Laughing Owl, Sceloglaux albifacies Chatham Islands Penguin, Eudyptes sp. Extinctions since 14th century Māori settlement [edit] North Island Adzebill, Aptornis otidiformis South Island Adzebill, Aptornis defossor Eyles' Harrier, Circus eylesi Haast's Eagle, Harpagornis moorei Giant Chatham Island Rail or Hawkins' Rail, Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi Hodgen's Waterhen or Hodgen's Rail, Gallinula hodgenorum Snipe-rail, Capellirallus karamu Chatham Islands Coot, Fulica chathamensis New Zealand Coot, Fulica prisca Giant Chatham Island Snipe, Coenocorypha chathamica New Zealand Owlet-nightjar, Aegotheles novaezealandiae Grant-Mackie's Wren, Pachyplichas jagmi Yaldwyn's Wren or Stout-legged Wren, Pachyplichas yaldwyni Long-billed Wren, Dendroscansor decurvirostris Chatham Islands Raven, Corvus moriorum New Zealand Raven, Corvus antipodum North Island Raven, Corvus antipodum antipodum South Island Raven, Corvus antipodum pycrafti New Zealand Musk Duck or De Lautour's Duck, Biziura delautouri Chatham Islands Duck, Pachyanas chathamica New Zealand Pink-eared Duck or Scarlett's Duck, Malacorhynchus scarletti Finsch's Duck, Chenonetta finschi North Island Goose, Cnemiornis gracilis South Island Goose, Cnemiornis calcitrans New Zealand Swan, Cygnus atratus sumnerensis Scarlett's Shearwater, Puffinus spelaeus (600 BP) Moa Bush Moa, Anomalopteryx didiformis Upland Moa, Megalapteryx didinus/benhami Heavy-footed Moa, Pachyornis elephantopus Crested Moa, Pachyornis australis Mappin's Moa, Pachyornis geranoides Stout-legged Moa, Euryapteryx gravis Coastal Moa, Euryapteryx curtus Eastern Moa, Emeus crassus North Island Giant Moa, Dinornis novaezealandiae Giant Moa, Dinornis robustus Waitaha penguin, :

Extinctions since mid-19th century European settlement [ edit ] Auckland Islands Merganser , Mergus australis Chatham Islands Rail , Cabalus modestus Dieffenbach's Rail , Gallirallus dieffenbachii South Island Snipe , Coenocorypha iredalei North Island Snipe , Coenocorypha barrierensis New Zealand Quail , Coturnix novaezelandidae North Island Takahe , Porphyrio mantelli South Island Kokako , Callaeas cinerea cinerea (Believed extinct from the 1960s, but recent reports suggest a small population may still survive.) Huia , Heteralocha acutirostris South Island Piopio , Turnagra capensis North Island Piopio , Turnagra tanagra Chatham Islands Bellbird , Anthornis melanocephala New Zealand Little Bittern , Ixobrychus novaezelandiae Stephens Island Wren , Traversia lyalii Bush Wren , Xenicus longipes South Island Bush Wren , Xenicus longipes longipes North Island Bush Wren , Xenicus longipes stokesi Stewart Island Bush Wren , Xenicus longipes variabilis Chatham Islands Fernbird , Bowdleria rufescens Laughing Owl , Sceloglaux albifacies Chatham Islands Penguin , Eudyptes sp. Extinctions since 14th century Māori settlement [ edit ] North Island Adzebill , Aptornis otidiformis South Island Adzebill , Aptornis defossor Eyles ' Harrier , Circus eylesi Haast's Eagle , Harpagornis moorei Giant Chatham Island Rail or Hawkins' Rail , Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi Hodgen's Waterhen or Hodgen's Rail , Gallinula hodgenorum Snipe-rail , Capellirallus karamu Chatham Islands Coot , Fulica chathamensis New Zealand Coot , Fulica prisca Giant Chatham Island Snipe , Coenocorypha chathamica New Zealand Owlet-nightjar , Aegotheles novaezealandiae Grant-Mackie's Wren , Pachyplichas jagmi Yaldwyn's Wren or Stout-legged Wren , Pachyplichas yaldwyni Long-billed Wren , Dendroscansor decurvirostris Chatham Islands Raven , Corvus moriorum New Zealand Raven , Corvus antipodum North Island Raven , Corvus antipodum antipodum South Island Raven , Corvus antipodum pycrafti New Zealand Musk Duck or De Lautour's Duck , Biziura delautouri Chatham Islands Duck , Pachyanas chathamica New Zealand Pink-eared Duck or Scarlett's Duck , Malacorhynchus scarletti Finsch's Duck , Chenonetta finschi North Island Goose , Cnemiornis gracilis South Island Goose , Cnemiornis calcitrans New Zealand Swan , Cygnus atratus sumnerensis Scarlett's Shearwater , Puffinus spelaeus (600 BP ) Moa Bush Moa , Anomalopteryx didiformis Upland Moa , Megalapteryx didinus / benhami Heavy-footed Moa , Pachyornis elephantopus Crested Moa , Pachyornis australis Mappin's Moa , Pachyornis geranoides Stout-legged Moa , Euryapteryx gravis Coastal Moa , Euryapteryx curtus Eastern Moa , Emeus crassus North Island Giant Moa , Dinornis novaezealandiae Giant Moa , Dinornis robustus Waitaha penguin ,



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