upper extremity positions

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

This presentation contains a series of questions and photos to assist the learner comprehend anatomically named body positions

Comments

Presentation Transcript

UPPER EXTREMITY position:

UPPER EXTREMITY position Answer these questions by clicking on the answer choices ( embedded links) instead of advancing the slides manually. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 1:

Question 1 What is the position of the shoulder in this photo? Flexed Neutral Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

1. Option A:

1. Option A You are CORRECT ! The shoulder is in a flexed position in this photo. Note that the UE is in the sagittal plane and is anterior to the body. This defines flexion. NEXT QUESTION Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

1. Option B:

1. Option B B. You are incorrect. The shoulder is NOT in a neutral position in this photo. Note that the UE is not positioned at the side of the body. TRY AGAIN Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

1. Option C:

1. Option C C. You are incorrect. The shoulder is NOT in an extended position . Note the UE is in the sagittal plane, but is not positioned posterior to the trunk. TRY AGAIN Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 2:

Question 2 What is the position of the shoulder in this photo? Flexed Neutral Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

2. Option A:

2. Option A You are incorrect. The shoulder is NOT in an flexed position. Note that the UE is in the sagittal plane but is not anterior to the body. This defines flexion. NEXT QUESTION Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

2. Option B:

2 . Option B B. You are incorrect. The shoulder is NOT in a neutral position in this photo. Note that the UE is not positioned at the side of the body. TRY AGAIN Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

2. Option C:

2 . Option C C. You are CORRECT! The shoulder is in an extended position. Note the UE is in the sagittal plane, and is positioned posterior to the trunk. NEXT QUESTION Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 3:

Question 3 What is the position of the shoulder in this photo? ABDucted Neutral ADDucted Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

3. Option A:

3. Option A You are CORRECT ! The shoulder is abducted. Note that the upper extremity is in the frontal plane and away from the midline. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

3. Option B:

3. Option B You are incorrect. The shoulder is not in a neutral position. A neutral position would be indicated by the UE being located at the side of the body – as in anatomical position. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

3. Option C:

3. Option C C. You are incorrect. The shoulder is not adducted. Shoulder adduction would be indicated if the UE would be directed toward the midline of the body – i.e. medial to the anatomical position. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 4:

Question 4 What is the position of the shoulder in this photo? ADD ABDucted Neutral ADDucted Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

4. Option A:

4. Option A Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

4. Option B:

4. Option B Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

4. Option C:

4. Option C Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 5:

Question 5 5. What is the position of the right shoulder in this photo? Externally rotated Neutral rotation Internally rotated Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

5. Option A:

5. Option A You are incorrect. The right shoulder is not in an externally rotated position. Note that the shoulder is not rotated away from the midline in the transverse plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

5. Option B:

5. Option B You are incorrect. The shoulder is not in neutral rotation. Neutral shoulder rotation is indicated by the anatomical position. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

5. Option C:

5. Option C You are CORRECT ! The shoulder is internally rotated. The arm is rotated towards the midline in the transverse plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 6:

Question 6 What is the position of the right shoulder in this photo? Externally rotated. Neutral rotation Internally Rotated Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

6. Option A:

6. Option A You are CORRECT! The right shoulder is externally rotated. Note that the arm is rotated away from the body in the transverse plane. NEXT QUESTION Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

6. Option B:

6. Option B You are incorrect. The right shoulder is not in the neutral position. Neutral position is indicated by the anatomical position. TRY AGAIN Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

6. Option C:

6. Option C You are incorrect. The right shoulder is not internally rotated. Note the arm is not rotated towards the midline in the transverse plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 7:

Question 7 What is the position of the right shoulder? Horizontally ABDucted Flexed Horizontally ADDucted Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

7. Option A:

7. Option A You are incorrect. The shoulder is not in a horizontally ABDucted position. Horizontal ABD, also called horizontal extension, would be indicated by the UE being posterior to the body with the shoulder in 90 degrees of elevation. TRY AGAIN Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

7. Option B:

7. Option B You are incorrect. The right shoulder is not in a flexed position. Flexion occurs in the sagittal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

7. Option C:

7. Option C You are CORRECT! The shoulder is in a horizontally ADDucted position. This is also call horizontal flexion. Note that the UE is moved anterior to the body with the shoulder in 90 degrees of elevation. NEXT QUESTION Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 8:

Question 8 What is the position of the left shoulder ? Horizontal lyABDucted Extended Horizontally ADDucted Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

8. Option A:

8. Option A You are CORRECT! The shoulder is in a horizontally ABDucted position. Horizontal ABD, also called horizontal extension, is indicated by the UE being posterior to the body with the shoulder in 90 degrees of elevation. NEXT QUESTION Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

8. Option B:

8. Option B You are incorrect. The shoulder is not in an extended position. Shoulder extension occurs in the sagittal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

8. Option C:

8. Option C You are incorrect. The shoulder is not in a horizontally ADDucted position. Note that the UE is not moved anterior to the body with the shoulder in 90 degrees of elevation. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 9:

Question 9 9 . What is the position of the elbow in this photo? Flexed Neutral Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

9. Option A:

9 . Option A You are CORRECT! The elbow in this photo is in a flexed position. Note that the angle between the arm and forearm is less than 180 degrees. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

9. Option B:

9 . Option B You are incorrect. The elbow is not in a neutral position in this photo. Technically there is no neutral position of the elbow. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

9. Option C:

9 . Option C You are incorrect. The elbow is not in an extended position in this photo. Note the angle between the arm and forearm is not 180 degrees, the definition of an extended position. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 10:

Question 10 What is the position of the elbow in this photo? Flexed Abducted Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

10. Option A:

10. Option A You are incorrect. The elbow in this photo is not flexed. The elbow is in a flexed position when the elbow is bent and the angle between the forearm and arm is less than 180 degrees. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

10. Option B:

10. Option B You are incorrect. The elbow in this photo is not in an abducted position. The elbow does not move in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

10. Option C:

10. Option C You are CORRECT! The elbow is in an extended position. Note that the angle between the forearm and arm is 180 degrees. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 11:

Question 11 What is the position of the forearm in this photo? Pronated Neutral Supinated Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

11. Option A:

11. Option A You are incorrect. The forearm in this photo is not pronated. Note that when the forearm is in a pronated position, the palm is directed posteriorly (the thumb points medially). Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

11. Option B:

11. Option B You are incorrect. The forearm is not in a neutral position in this photo. W hen the forearm is in a neutral position the thumb is directed anteriorly. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

11. Option C:

11. Option C You are CORRECT! The forearm in this photo is in a supinated position. When the forearm is supinated, the thumb is directed laterally and the palm directed anteriorly. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 12:

Question 12 What is the position of the forearm in this photo? Pronated Neutral Supinated Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

12. Option A:

12. Option A You are CORRECT! The forearm in this photo is in a pronated position. Note that when the forearm is in a pronated position, the palm is directed posteriorly (the thumb points medially). Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

12. Option B:

12. Option B You are incorrect. The forearm is not in a neutral position in this photo. When the forearm is in a neutral position the thumb is directed anteriorly. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

12. Option C:

12. Option C You are incorrect. The forearm in this photo is not in a supinated position. When the forearm is supinated, the thumb is directed laterally and the palm directed anteriorly. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 13:

Question 13 What is the position of the wrist in this photo? Flexed Neutral Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

13. Option A:

13. Option A You are CORRECT! The wrist is in a flexed position. Note that the wrist is flexed when the hand is moved anteriorly, towards the volar forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

13. Option B:

13. Option B The wrist is not in a neutral position. Neutral position of the wrist is indicated when the hand is in line with the forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

13. Option C:

13. Option C You are incorrect. The wrist is not in an extended position. Note that the wrist is extended when the hand is moved posteriorly, towards the dorsal forearm . Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 14:

Question 14 What is the position of the wrist in this photo? Flexed Neutral Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

14. Option A:

14. Option A You are incorrect. The wrist is not in a flexed position. Note that the wrist is flexed when the hand is moved anteriorly, towards the volar forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

14. Option B:

14. Option B You are incorrect. The wrist is not in a neutral position. Neutral position of the wrist is indicated when the hand is in line with the forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

14. Option C:

14. Option C You are CORRECT! The wrist is in an extended position. Note that the wrist is extended when the hand is moved posteriorly, towards the dorsal forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 15:

Question 15 What is the position of the wrist in this photo? Flexed Neutral Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

15. Option A:

15. Option A You are incorrect. The wrist is not in a flexed position . Note that when the wrist is flexed the hand is moved anteriorly, towards the volar forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

15. Option B:

15. Option B You are CORRECT! The wrist is in a neutral position. Neutral position of the wrist is indicated when the hand is in line with the forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

15. Option C:

15. Option C You are incorrect. The wrist is not in an extended position. Note that the wrist is extended when the hand is moved posteriorly, towards the dorsal forearm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 16:

Question 16 What are the position of the fingers in this photo? Flexed Abducted Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

16. Option A:

16. Option A You are CORRECT! The fingers are flexed in this photo. Finger flexion is indicated when the fingers are moved anteriorly and towards the palm in the sagittal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

16. Option B:

16. Option B You are incorrect. The fingers in this photo are not abducted. Finger ABDuction occurs in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

16. Option C:

16. Option C You are incorrect. The fingers in this photo are not in an extended position. Finger ( IPJ ) extension is indicated when the fingers are completely straight. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 17:

Question 17 What is the position of the fingers in this photo? Flexed Radially deviated Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

17. Option A:

17. Option A You are incorrect. The fingers in this photo are not in a flexed position. Finger flexion is indicated when the fingers are moved anteriorly and towards the palm in the sagittal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

17. Option B:

17. Option B You are incorrect. The fingers in this photo are not radially deviated. Radial and Ulnar deviation occur at the wrist in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

17. Option C:

17. Option C You are CORRECT! The fingers in this photo are in an extended position. Finger ( IPJ ) extension is indicated when the fingers are completely straight. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 18:

Question 18 What is the position of the thumb in this photo? Abducted Flexed Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

18. Option A:

18. Option A You are CORRECT! The thumb is abducted. Abduction of the thumb is indicated by movement in the sagittal plane away from the palm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

18. Option B:

18. Option B You are incorrect. The thumb is not flexed in this photo. Thumb flexion is indicated by the thumb moving across the palm (i.e. medially) in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

18. Option C:

18. Option C You are incorrect. The thumb is not extended. Thumb extension is indicated by the thumb moving away from the palm (i.e. laterally) in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 19:

Question 19 What is the position of the thumb in this photo? Abducted Flexed Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

19. Option A:

19. Option A You are incorrect. The thumb is not abducted in this photo. Abduction of the thumb is indicated by movement in the sagittal plane away from the palm. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

19. Option B:

19. Option B You are CORRECT! The thumb is flexed in this photo. Thumb flexion is indicated by the thumb moving across the palm (i.e. medially) in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

19. Option C:

19. Option C You are incorrect. The thumb is not extended in this photo. Thumb extension is indicated by the thumb moving away from the palm (i.e. laterally) in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 20:

Question 20 What is the position of the thumb in this photo? Adducted Opposed Extended Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

20. Option A:

20. Option A You are incorrect. The thumb is not adducted in this photo. Thumb adduction occurs when the thumb moves towards the palm in the sagittal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

20. Option B:

20. Option B You are incorrect. The thumb is not opposed in this photo. Thumb opposition is a triplanar movement where thumb flexion, abduction and rotation are combined to bring the thumb towards the little finger. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

20. Option C:

20. Option C You are CORRECT! The thumb is extended in this photo. Thumb extension is indicated by the thumb moving away from the palm (i.e. laterally) in the frontal plane. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 21:

Question 21 What is the position of the 4 th digit in this photo? Medially deviated Abducted Adducted Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

21. Option A:

21. Option A You are incorrect. The 4 th digit is not medially deviated. Medial and lateral deviation are not terms used to describe the position of the digits, but instead the wrist. However, the 4 th digit moves medially to abduct. The 2 nd digit moves laterally to abduct. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

21. Option B:

21. Option B You are CORRECT. The 4 th digit in this photo is abducted. Abduction of the fingers occurs in the frontal plane and is named in relation to the 3 rd (middle) digit. The 4 th digit is moved medially, away from the 3 rd digit. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

21. Option C:

21. Option C You are incorrect. The 4 th digit is not adducted. Adduction of the fingers occurs in the frontal plane and is named in relation to the 3 rd (middle) digit. Adduction of the 4 th digit occurs when the it is moved laterally, towards the 3 rd digit. Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

Question 22:

Question 22 Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

22. Option A:

22. Option A Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

22. Option B:

22. Option B Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

22. Option C:

22. Option C Functional Human Anatomy Dr. Curfman

authorStream Live Help