Lecture 12-Northern New Spain

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Northern New Spain: 

Northern New Spain Cabeza de Vaca Pueblo Revolt (1680) Spain in the South & Texas Presidios Eusebio Kino, Hugh O'Conor, and Juan Bautista de Anza

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca: 

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca Part of Narváez Expedition (1527) to Florida with 300 men After months of fighting 242 men reach Gulf Coast, think are near Mexico (1500 Miles) Made Boats, got to Mississippi then pushed out to sea Wrecked near Galveston Enslaved for several years by Indians, is trader and medicine man Escaped and wandered through Northern Mexico to eventually to Culiacan (1537) Writes La Relacion in 1542m

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Route of Cabeza de Vaca

Coronado, Oñate & the Founding of New Mexico: 

Coronado, Oñate & the Founding of New Mexico Coronado follows Reports of 7 Cities of Gold 1540: 335 Spanish, 1300 Natives, many slaves, and 4 Franciscans Oñate returns to colonize (1598): El Paso, Albuquerque, Santa Fe

Pueblo Revolt, 1680: 

Pueblo Revolt, 1680 Religion Forbade Dances, Masks, Effigies Encomienda abuses 1670s drought: Attacks from Apache and Commanche Famine Disease Killing of Medicine Men Pope Coordinates Attack Santa Fe Stormed; at least 400 die 3,000 colonists and governor breakout

Spain in Texas: 

Spain in Texas Late 17 th Century Head off French Colonization Missions attempt to convert and settle Indians Raids and slow population growth 1777: 3,103 1790: 3,169 Lawlessness and Exchanges with French, Indians, and Americans

Spanish-Indian Relations in Northern Frontier: 

Spanish-Indian Relations in Northern Frontier Limited Conquest Resources Environment Resistance Population Missions Forts Towns Semi-Sedentary Life Mix of Appeasement and Attack