Gangrene

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Gangrene: 

Gangrene refers to death of tissue. Gangrene

Causes of gangrene: 

Causes of gangrene A serious injury Blood vessel disease (such as arteriosclerosis, hardening of the arteries, in arms or legs) Diabetes Suppressed immune system (for example, from HIV or chemotherapy ) Infection Surgery Age Smoking

Types of gangrene: 

Types of gangrene There are five main types of gangrene 1) Dry gangrene . 2) Wet gangrene. 3) Gas gangrene. 4) Internal gangrene. 5) Fournier's gangrene.

Dry gangrene: 

Dry gangrene Dry gangrene : Begins at the distal part of the limb due to ischemia, and often occurs in the toes and feet of elderly patients due to arteriosclerosis.

Dry gangrene: 

Dry gangrene

Wet gangrene: 

Wet gangrene Wet or moist gangrene : Develops as a complication of an untreated infected wound.

Wet gangrene: 

Wet gangrene

Internal gangrene: 

Internal gangrene Internal gangrene : A variant of wet gangrene, has less obvious initial symptoms because the wet gangrene occurs in the internal organs. The patient may be very ill (septic) with gangrene but show few if any visual symptoms that are characteristic for wet gangrene.

Internal gangrene: 

Internal gangrene

Gas gangrene: 

Gas gangrene Gas gangrene : Is a type of wet gangrene caused by the bacteria known as Clostridia. Clostridia are a type of infection-causing bacteria that grow only in the absence of oxygen.

Gas gangrene: 

Gas gangrene

Fournier gangrene : 

Fournier gangrene Fournier gangrene is a necrotizing infection that involves the soft tissues of the male genitalia.

Fournier gangrene : 

Fournier gangrene

Symptoms of gangrene: 

Symptoms of gangrene The symptoms depend on the location and type of the gangrene.

gangrene involving skin or close to the skin : 

gangrene involving skin or close to the skin Symptoms include : If the skin is involved, or the gangrene is close to the skin, the symptoms may include: Discoloration (blue or black if skin is affected; red or bronze if the affected area is beneath the skin) Foul-smelling discharge Loss of feeling in the area

Gangrene involving internal organs: 

Gangrene involving internal organs Symptoms include : Confusion Fever Gas in tissues beneath the skin General ill feeling Low blood pressure Persistent or severe pain

Ways to r/o gangrene: 

Ways to r/o gangrene Arteriogram to R/O blood vessel disease Blood tests CT scan to examine internal organs Culture of the tissue or fluid from wounds Examining tissue under the microscope Surgery to find and remove dead tissue X-rays

Fate of gangrene: 

Fate of gangrene Disability from amputation or removal of dead tissue Prolonged wound healing or the need for reconstructive surgery, such as skin grafting Death