Competency Mapping & Development

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Competency Mapping , Assessment & Management : 

Competency Mapping , Assessment & Management

Competency Mapping : 

Competency Mapping Research indicates that Source of 50% of job performance problems is that people are in the wrong job. 25% of on-the-job performance problems is the inability to identify the ‘gaps’ between the competencies of the person and the requirements of the job.

CONCEPT OF ROLE : 

CONCEPT OF ROLE Expectations of significant others and self Linking concept Individual Team organization Different from position Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

CONCEPT OF COMPETENCY : 

CONCEPT OF COMPETENCY Skill: Ability accomplish Talent: Inherent ability Competency: Underline characteristics that give rise to skill accomplishment Knowledge, skill and attitude Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

DEFINITION : 

DEFINITION First popularized by Boyatzis (1982) with Research result on clusters of competencies: “A capacity that exists in a person that leads to behaviour that meets the job demands within parameters of organizational environment, and that, in turn brings about desired results” Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

COMPETENCY Vs. COMPETENCE : 

COMPETENCY Vs. COMPETENCE Competency: A person- related concept that refers to the dimensions of behaviour lying behind competent performer. Competence: A work- related concept that refers to areas of work at which the person is competent Competencies: Often referred as the combination of the above two.

TYPES OF COMPETENCIES : 

TYPES OF COMPETENCIES Generic or specific: Threshold or performance: Basic competencies required to do the job, which do not differentiate between high and low performers Performance competencies are those that differentiate between high and low performers Differentiating Competencies: Behavioral characteristics that high performers display Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

COMPETENCIES APPLICATIONS : 

COMPETENCIES APPLICATIONS Competency frameworks: Define the competency requirements that cover all the key jobs in an organization. This consists of generic competencies. Competency maps: Describe the different aspects of competent behaviour in an occupation against competency dimensions such as strategic capability, resource management and quality. Competency profiles: A set of competencies that are require to perform a specified role. Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

MACRO COMPETENCY MANAGEMENT : 

MACRO COMPETENCY MANAGEMENT Organizational Strategy Vision, Mission, Values, Strategic, Intent, Corporate Governance, Corporate Social Responsibility & Ethics Business Strategy Business Plan & Goals, Culture People, Technology Teamwork Strategy Leadership, Communication Conflict Management, Interpersonal Skills, Project Orientation, Self Managed Teams (SMT) Role Strategy Ability, Autonomy, Multiskilling, Task identity, Performance Evaluation & rewards and performance development Core Competencies (Organizational wide) Business Competencies (SBU specific) Team Competencies (Project driven) Role Competencies (Role wise) Stakeholder Interest Market Positioning Achieving Business Targets Employee Satisfaction Profit Center Orientations Team Development & Synergy Performance Accomplishment Individual Development STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK COMPETENCY MODELING FRAMEWORK

PROGRAM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION : 

PROGRAM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK Core competencies (Organization wide Business competencies (SBU specific) Team Competencies (project driven) Role competencies (Role wise) COMPETENCY IDENTIFICATION Identification process (4 steps) Consolidation of checklist Rank Order and finalization Validation and Benchmark COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT Psycho-metric tool 360 Degree approach COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT Maturity framework & matrix Areas of improvement Action Plan COMPETENCY MAPPING Strategy-Structure Congruence Structure Role Congruence Vertical & horizontal Role linkages Positioning to bring in competitive advantage INTEGRATION OF HR FUNCTION PMS 5. R&S CP & CD 6. RS SP & SD T&D

ROLE COMPETENCIES : 

ROLE COMPETENCIES A set of competencies required to perform a given role Each competency has a skill set Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

IDENTIFICATION OF ROLE COMPETENCIES : 

IDENTIFICATION OF ROLE COMPETENCIES Structure and list of roles Definition of roles Job description Competency requirement Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

STRUCTURE AND LIST OF ROLES: STEPS : 

STRUCTURE AND LIST OF ROLES: STEPS Organizational structure study and examination List all the roles in the structure Identify redundant and overlapping roles Final list of roles Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

DEFINITION OF ROLE: STEPS : 

DEFINITION OF ROLE: STEPS Identify KPAs of the role Link the KPAs with Dept. and Organizational goals State the content of the above in one or two sentences Position the role in perspective with that of others Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

JOB DESCRIPTION: STEPS : 

JOB DESCRIPTION: STEPS List down all the activities/tasks small and big Routine and Creative Categorize activities under major heads Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

COMPETECNY IDENTIFICATION: STEPS : 

COMPETECNY IDENTIFICATION: STEPS Identify against each activity the following: Role holder interview and listing Day in the Life of Study Internal/External customer interview and listing Star performer interview and listing Role holder critical incident analysis Management Climate Study Benchmarking Consolidate the above and make a checklist of competencies Rank- order and finalize on 5/6 competencies critical to the role Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

COMPETENCY IDENTIFICATION TOOLS : 

COMPETENCY IDENTIFICATION TOOLS Behaviour & Skills Benchmark Job Requirements Café Coffee Day Requirements for a Unit Manager , Area Manager against a Key Competitor : Pizza Hut Key skill requirements of other service organizations like ICICI Bank Outcomes : Organizational, Team & Individual Requirements Performance Benchmark Performance Measures Café Coffee Day Requirements for a Unit Manager , Area Manager against a Key Competitor : Pizza Hut Outcomes : Organizational, Team & Individual Requirements Benchmarking Customer Expectations Quantitative Questionnaire comparing Café Coffee Day , Barista & Pizza Hut in Mumbai market with a valid sample size Outcomes : Organizational, Team & Individual Requirements & Gaps

Example : Benchmarking Job Requirements : 

Example : Benchmarking Job Requirements

Example : Benchmarking Customer Expectations : 

Example : Benchmarking Customer Expectations

COMPETENCY IDENTIFICATION TOOLS : 

COMPETENCY IDENTIFICATION TOOLS Attitude – Management Climate & Attitudinal Study Set of Questions measuring 8 characteristics of Attitudinal Capability Measures & identifies gaps Management Style System Orientation Organisation Culture/Decision Making Quality Customer Service Change Communication Accountability Also looks at perceived performance & opportunities for improvement Benchmarking against other capable organizations Outcomes : Organizational, Team & Individual Gaps

Example of Individual Attitudinal Capability : 

Example of Individual Attitudinal Capability System orientation, customer service, accountability are areas of concern

Example of Organizational Attitudinal Capability : 

Example of Organizational Attitudinal Capability Change orientation & management style more worrisome

COMPETENCY IDENTIFICATION TOOLS : 

COMPETENCY IDENTIFICATION TOOLS Behaviour & Skills- Day in the Life of Outlet Manager Snapshot of Productivity & Effectiveness of Key Managers 4 -8 Hours observation of critical skills, behaviour & attitude to succeed Measurement of AS-IS, DESIRED & SHOULD-BE Outcomes : Organizational, Team & Individual Gaps Behaviour & Skills- Top Performer Survey 20 top performers of Café Coffee Day and let them calibrate and rank the necessary competencies for superior performance Outcomes : Organizational, Team & Individual Requirements Values : Top management interviews Outcomes : Key Values to Uphold

Example of Day in the Life of Study : 

Example of Day in the Life of Study A full day in the life of a salesman studied & time spent on Active selling Passive Selling Administration Delivery Order Taking Traveling Available/Free Comparison of Reality Perception Ideal Diagnosis of sales man’s productivity & alignment to business needs

Example of Day in the life of Study : 

Example of Day in the life of Study Pre-meeting, Meeting & Post-meeting issues analyzed on Preparation, Building relationship, Identifying needs & objections, closing & administration Diagnosis of sales man’s selling effectiveness & alignment to business needs

COMPETENCY ASESSMENT : 

COMPETENCY ASESSMENT Following methods are used: Assessment/Development Centre 360 Degree feedback Role plays Case study Structured Experiences Simulations Business Games Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

COMPETENCY ASESSMENT : 

COMPETENCY ASESSMENT Following methods are used: 360 Degree feedback Role plays Benchmarking & Case study Management Climate Study Structured Experiences/Simulations/Business Games Top Performer Survey Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

COMPTENCY DEVELOPMENT : 

COMPTENCY DEVELOPMENT Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

COMPETENCY MAPPING : 

COMPETENCY MAPPING Strategy structure congruence Structure Role congruence Each role to be unique Non-Repetitive Value adding Vertical and horizontal role congruence Ensure non repetitive tasks in two different roles Ensure core competencies for each task Link all the above and position to bring in competitive advantage Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

DELIVERABLES : 

DELIVERABLES Role Directory Competency profiles Competency Map Competency based HR systems Recommendations: Rationalization of structure and manpower Institutionalization of interventions Organization Diagnosis Report

INTEGRATION OF HR SYSTEMS(Competency based HR practices) : 

INTEGRATION OF HR SYSTEMS(Competency based HR practices) Reward System Performance Management System Recruitment & Selections Career Plan & Career Development Competency requirement Competency availability Competency acquisition/ Development Succession plans & Succession Development Training /development Plans & Programmes

CONCLUSION : 

CONCLUSION Inadequate Role Competencies -Two options: Develop the competencies within a timeframe Quit the Role No option other than to perform HRD function to ensure competencies in each role Dr. MG Jomon, XIMB

“You see, all the right things are written in books and research papers.The trick is to ensure that there is no gap between what is written in the books and your vision; from what is happening on the shop-floor and what is going on in the marketplace.That is execution. That is what makes the difference”Mukesh Ambani : 

“You see, all the right things are written in books and research papers.The trick is to ensure that there is no gap between what is written in the books and your vision; from what is happening on the shop-floor and what is going on in the marketplace.That is execution. That is what makes the difference”Mukesh Ambani www.mastersungroup.com http://strategy-execution.blogspot.com chandra@mastersunindia.com Sarvajeet Chandra: +91 9920803060 Jasravee Kaur : +91 9892301590