mathematics in india past present and future

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THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA IS CELEBRATING THE YEAR 2012 AS THE NATIONAL MATHEMATICAL YEAR TO COMEMORATE THE 125 BIRTH ANIVERSARY OF MATH WIZAD SRINIVASA RAMANUJAN. HE IS ONE OF THE GREATEST MATHEMATICIAN INDIA EVER PRODUCED. THE OTHER REASON IS THE EMPTINESS OF MATHEMATICAL AWERENESS IN INDIAN STUDENTS .ACCORDING TO STATISTICS 2 OUT OF 10 OPT FOR MATHE IN SECONDARY STAGE . OUT OF 10 STUDENT PASSED WITH A SUBJECT INSECONDARY CLASSES 3 STUDENT CHOOSE TO PURSUE UNDER –GRADUATION IN MATHE 90% OF THESE UNDERGRADUTES ARE TYHOSE WHO TRIED FOR ENGINEERING ENTRANCE EXAM BUT COULD NOT SUCCEED. THEY HAVE NO HEART IN MATHEMATICS . THEY ARE TRAINED TO WRITE IN THE EXAM. ONLY 2% GRADUATES GO FOR POST GRADUATIUON . THIS IS THE PRESENT POSITION OF MATHEMATICS IN INDIA

MATHEMATICS IN INDIA PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE BY-SAROJ KUMAR NAYAK M.K.C HIGH SCHOOL BARIPADA:

MATHEMATICS IN INDIA PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE BY -SAROJ KUMAR NAYAK M.K.C HIGH SCHOOL BARIPADA WE OWE A LOT TO INDIANS WHO TOUGHT US HOW TO COUNT WITH OUT WHICH NO MODERN SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY COULD HAVE BEEN MADE Father of Vedic Mathematics It was founded by Swami Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja who was theSankaracharya (Monk of the Highest Order) of Govardhan Matha in Puri . They are called “Vedic” as because the sutras are said to be contained in the Atharva Veda – a branch of mathematics and engineering in the Ancient Indian Scriptures. 16 Sutras and 13 Upasutras Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Past Indian mathematics

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RIK- SAMHITA—It is remembered that the sunlight travels 2202yojanas in half a nimisha - which is nearly equal to the modern calculated value of light The present method of extracting the square and cube was invented by Aryavatta in A.D.476 The modern Pythagoraus Theorem was known to Indian 1000 years before Pythagoraus which was popularly known as Bhudhayan Sutra . VERTICALLY AND CROSSWISE to write the answer straight down Quick way to square numbers that end 5 => BY ONE MORE THAN THE ONE BEFORE .---------  i)We multiply 3x4=12; ii)We multiply the last figures * VEDIC MATHEMATICS helps a person to solve problems 10-15 times faster His work Mahabhaskariya divides into eight chapters about mathematical astronomy. In chapter 7, he gives a remarkable approximation formula for sin x, that is BHASKARA ARYAVATA Aryavatta in A.D.476 Aryavatta discovered the modern method of determining area of a triangle[Area of a triangle = ½ base x altitude Aryabhata provided elegant results for the summation of series of squares and cubes

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Bhrahmagupta VARAHAMIHIRA Brahmagupta uses 3 as a "practical" value of π , and as an "accurate" value of π . given the lengths p , q , r and s of a cyclic quadrilateral, the approximate area is while, letting , t he exact area is Some important trigonometric results attributed to Varahamihira SRIDHARACHAYA was one of the first to give a formula for solving quadratic equations . He Found that Formula :- 2ax + b - √D = 0 α = (-b - √(b^2-4ac))/2a β = (-b + √(b^2-4ac))/2a ax^2 + abx + c = 0 PRESENT INDIAN MATHEMATICS Ramanujan , had his work published in the Journal of Indian Mathematical Society .One of the first problems he posed in the journal was: He waited for a solution to be offered in three issues, over six months, but failed to receive any At the end, Ramanujan supplied the solution to the problem himself. On page 105 of his first notebook, he formulated an equation that could be used to solve the infinitely nested radicals problem.

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R BALASUBRAMANIAN , CURRENTLY DIRECTOR OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCE (IMSC) CHENAI ,IN COLLBORATION WITH TWO FRENCH COME UP WITH THE LAST WORD OF THE PROBLEM. M.S NARASIMHAN AND C.S SESHADRI ---- ARE THE TWO PRESENT INDIAN MATHEMATICIANS ,NARASINMAHA IS A VERSATILE RESEARCHER OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION , DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY, ALGEBRIC GEOMETRY , LIE THEORY AND MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS,(RECIPIENT OF PRESTIGIOUS KING FAISAL ,AN INTERNATIONAL AWARD INSTITUTED BY SAUDI ARABIA) . SESHADRI’S WORK IS LARGELY INALGEBRIC GEOMATRY WHILE (AWARDED APRIZE GIVEN BY THE INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR THEORETICAL PHYSICS IN TRIESTE ,ITALY) C.R RAO CONTRIBUTTED A LOT IN THE FIELD OF STATISTICS MANINDRA AGARWAL---- OF IIT ,KANPUR , RECEIVED THE GODEL AS WELL AS FULKERSON PRIZE FOR HIS WORK ON”PRIMARILITY TESTING ” IN 2006 , WHILE SUJATA RAMDORAI OF TATA INSTITUTE OF FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH (ITFR) RECEIVED THE 2006 RAMANUJAN PRIZE THE NRI LIKE HARISH-CHANDRA AND S.R.S VARADHAN HAVE HAD AMAJOR ROLE IN THE EVERY EVOLUTION OF THEIR FIELD , VARADHAN ‘S FORMATIVE YEARS WERE SPENT AT THE ISI, KALKATA S.S PILLA (WORKING THEN IN ANNAMALAI UNIVERSITY) MADE AN IMPRESSIVE PROGRESS ON WHAT IS KNOWN AS WARING’S PROBLEM. He worked in particular on the determination of exact values for the function g ( n ). SOME 50 YEARS AFTER PILLAI SAKUNTALA DEVI In 1977 In Dallas she competed with a computer to see who give the cube root of 188138517 faster, she won. At university of USA she was asked to give the 23rd root of 91674867692003915809866092758538016248310668014430862240712651642793465704086709659 32792057674808067900227830163549248523803357453169351119035965775473400756818688305 620821016129132845564895780158806771.She answered in 50seconds. The answer is 546372891. It took a UNIVAC 1108 computer, full one minute (10 seconds more) to confirm that she was right after it was fed with 13000 instructions. [2] On June 18, 1980 she demonstrated the multiplication of two 13-digit numbers 7,686,369,774,870 x 2,465,099,745,779 picked at random by the Computer Department of Imperial College, London. She answered the question in 28 seconds. However, this time is more likely the time for dictating the answer (a 26-digit number) than the time for the mental calculation (the time of 28 seconds was quoted on her own website). SUJATA RAMDORAI HARISH-CHANDRA S.R SRINIVAS VARADHAN R BALASUBHAMANIUM

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FUTURE OF MATHEMATICS IN INDIA MATHEMATICS IS THE QUEEN OF ALL SCIENCE . WITHOUT MATHEMATICS THERE IS NO SCIENCE , TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING . THE HIGG’S BOSSON EXISTANCE WAR PROVED TODAY EXPEPIMENTALLY BUT MATHEMATICALLY IT WAS CALCULATTED MANY YEARS BEFORE. SO IT IS ESSENTIAL TO DEVELOP THE THEORITICAL MATHEMATICS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY . THE COMPUTER OR THE ROBORT UNDERSTAND ONLY THE MATHEMATICAL PRINCIPLE AND RECEIVE THE COMMAND ONLY IN DIGITAL FORM (BINARY 0,1). SO FOR MAKING COMPUTER INTELLIGENT AND AUTOMATED RESEARCH IN VARIUOUS REPUTED INSTITUTES LIKE IITS IISC INSTITUE OF MATHEMATICS IS ON PROGRESS IN THE NAME OF DIGITAL SPEECH PROCESSING . IT IS EXPECTED THAT COMPUTER CAN VERY SOON RECOGNIZE A PERSON BY HIS SPEECH. INDIA HAS MADE SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS IN VARIOUS MISSILE DEVELOPMENT WHICH REQUIRED MATHEMATICAL PATICULARLY TRIGONOMATRIC APPLICATION .HENCE HIGHER MATHEMATICAL RESEARCH IS GOING ON IN MANY DEFENCE INSTITUTES . IN ORDER TO MAKE INDIA SELF SUFFICIENT IN FOOD, CLTHES AND DEFENCE MATHEMATICAL RESEARCH IS ON SPEEDY PROGRESS IN INDIA AND BASING ON THE ACTIVE RESEARCH IN MATHEMATICS IT CAN BE TOLD THAT THE MATHEMATICS FUTURE IN INDIA IS BRIGHT

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