Super Senses of Animals

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Super Senses of Animals:

Sight Smell Hear Touch and Taste Super Senses of Animals

Super Senses:

Our five senses help us to get information about the world around us . Like this only animals also use their five senses to know about their surroundings . They have a very strong sense of sight , smell , hear , touch , taste . These well developed senses help them to survive better in their environment . Super Senses

Super Sense - Sight:

Some animals have strong sense of sight. Their eyes are fixed and located on either side of the head . They tilt their head quite often . Most of the birds have their eyes fixed on either side and so they can see different objects at a time . They move their heads so as to focus each eye on different objects . When they look straight, they do have the vision like human beings focusing on only one object . Super Sense - Sight

Examples of Super Sense Sight:

Examples of Super Sense Sight Eagles -     All eagles are renowned for their excellent eyesight, and the bald eagle is no exception. They have two foveae or centers of focus, that allow the birds to see both forward and to the side at the same time. Bald eagles are capable of seeing fish in the water from several hundred feet above, while soaring, gliding or in flapping flight.  Eagles, like all birds, have color vision. An eagle's eye is almost as large as a human's, but its sharpness is at least four times that of a person with perfect vision. The eagle can probably identify a rabbit moving almost a mile away. That means that an eagle flying at an altitude of 1000 feet over open country could spot prey over an area of almost 3 square miles from a fixed position.

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Owls - Owl, unlike the other birds, has eyes in front of the face It focuses with its eyes on a single object at a time as we do When the birds focus their eyes on an object they assess the distance of the object and they increase their span of vision when they look at it with both the eyes. Many owls are active only at night. Because of their keen senses of sight they can hunt successfully in dim light or in the dark. Night-hunting owls can also see in daylight. An owl must turn its head in order to see in any direction other than straight ahead. It can turn its head completely around so that it can see directly behind it.

Super Senses - Smell:

Some animals have strong sense of smell . The sense of smell help animals to find food. They also help from staying out of danger. Man uses the sniffing capacity of dogs for detecting lethal weapons , criminals and for defusing bombs. Super Senses - Smell

Examples of Super Sense of Smell :

Examples of Super Sense of Smell Dogs - Smell is the dog’s dominant sense, so much so that a huge part of its brain is devoted to analysing odours. Dogs can detect odours that are up to 40 feet underground. Dogs can smell human fingerprints that are a week old.  Dogs can detect cancer in humans. Scientists think that simply by sniffing samples of human’s breath, dogs can detect lung, breast and other cancers with an accuracy rate of between 88 and 97 percent. The accuracy rate of a multi-million-pound hospital scanner is between 85 and 90 per cent. Dogs can also be trained to alert people with heart conditions they are about to suffer a seizure.  Dogs help Police and Forensic department to extract information on theft and murder.

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Bears - Bears are thought to have the best sense of smell of any animal on earth. For example, the average dog’s sense of smell is 100 times better than a humans. A blood hound’s is 300 times better. A bear’s sense of smell is 7 times better than a blood hound’s or 2,100 times better than a human. Bears acute sense of smell evolved in order to help them find food, mates, keep track of their cubs and avoid danger, particularly between competing individuals. A bear’s sense of smell is so acute that they can detect animal carcasses upwind and from a distance of 20 miles away .Bears have an incredible sense of smell because the area of their brain that manages the sense of smell, called the olfactory bulb, is at least 5 times larger than the same area in human brains even though a bear’s brain is one third the size

Super Sense - Hearing:

Some animals have strong sense of hearing. Most of the noises that bats make are above the range of human hearing. Many animals have the ability to detect sounds that we can’t hear. Some, such as cats and dogs, can hear noises higher than a mouse’s squeak. Others, such as elephants and some birds, can hear sounds lower than the rumble of distant thunder. All of these animals have a super sense of hearing. People can only detect these superhigh or superlow sounds with the help of special listening devices. Super Sense - Hearing

Examples of Super Sense of Hearing:

Bats - Examples of Super Sense of Hearing Bats are the experts of the ultrasonic world. They are divided into two groups, the  microbats  and the  megabats . Most microbats are insect eaters. All microbats rely on ultrasound to guide them when they fly and to help them find food and communicate with each other. The large, fruit-eating megabats can make ultrasounds too, but they do not use them when flying or searching for food. Bats make sounds in their voice box just like you do. Some bats send out sound through their mouths. Other bats use their noses. These bats often have flaps of skin on their faces called nose leaves. Scientists think that they may use these flaps to point the sound in a certain direction. Bats can direct their cries very precisely, in the same way that you can point a flashlight to shine a narrow beam of light.

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Dolphins - The dolphin has an external, vertical ear "slit" located just posterior to each eye. The auditory cortex of the dolphin brain is highly developed, evidence of its complex hearing abilities. Dolphins hear in a frequency range 7.5 times wider than the human. Hearing in the high frequencies is important for communication purposes.  They can hear both in the water and on the surface of it. They don’t just use their ears to hear though, they also rely on their lower jaw region. It is able to send sound to the middle ear through the melon which is in the head and full of fat.

Super Sense –Touch and Taste:

Animals have also evolved a wide variety of touch organs, including whiskers and antennae, which they use to navigate, find food or even to communicate. Some animals live in complete darkness in caves or underground, where they cannot see anything. Their eyes often no longer work, but they have developed an extra-sensitive sense of touch to feel their way around. Super Sense – Touch and Taste

Examples of Super Sense of Touch and Taste:

Examples of Super Sense of Touch and Taste Snakes - Snakes have an amazingly sophisticated sense of touch .Thanks to their sense of touch they can respond immediately to stimuli from their environment and they can feel the slightest changes in their habitat.  Additionally touch is important for snakes socially and is a primary means of communication between snakes of the same species. They ca sense music through vibrations it produces on the ground .

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Cows - Cows have taste buds ranging from 25,000–35,000, which give them an excellent sense of taste―about two to three times more as compared to humans. Cows, being herbivores, it is thought that, in order to help them distinguish between poisonous and non-poisonous plants, they have so many taste receptors. These taste buds help them identify toxic and non-toxic plants, and thus, help decide what is beneficial for them. The taste buds also help discard poisonous substances. Thus, they swallow the good substances, and later, ruminate at leisure and digest the consumed food.

Facts on Super Senses:

Hearing Sharpest hearing – The owl Best natural sonar system – Bats & dolphins Best rain detector – The elephant Best navigator using sound – The pigeon Best hearing defence – The tiger moth Smelling Champion sniffer – The bear Best lunch detector – The Shark Best ‘mate’ detection – The Moth Best detective – The dog (Bloodhound) Best air sniffer - The snake Best landmine detector – The rat Best bird sense of smell – The albatross Cancer Detector – Sniffer Dogs Facts on Super Senses

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Sight Sharpest eyesight – Bald Eagle Best bird night vision – Owls Best underwater vision – Sharks Best thermal vision – Snakes Best mammal night vision – Cats Best all-round view – Grazing mammals Touch Best earthquake detector – The catfish Best fire detector – The jewel beetle Deadly vibrations – The crocodile & alligator Best ‘touch at a distance’ – The sea cow (Manatee) Good vibrations – The spider Some large catfish can have as many as 175,000. Rabbits possess about 17,000 taste buds which are located in the mouth and pharynx. Like humans, they too are able to differentiate between sweet, bitter, sour, and salty tastes

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Thank you Saransh Rathi

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