Modals for Speculation

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A simple grammar guide and exercise to practice modals for speculation

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Modals for Speculation 1 Gita Siva

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We use the modal verbs must, may, might, could or can’t to speculate about events in the present, past or future. When can we use them? 2 Gita Siva

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Degrees of certainty LESS CERTAIN : may, might and could MORE CERTAIN : must CERTAIN THAT THE STATEMENT IS FALSE : must not, can’t, could not 3 Gita Siva

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Modals for Speculation Definite -100% must may may not might might not could could not must not Impossible - 0% Which one should I use? can’t 4 Gita Siva

Guesses about the PRESENT or the FUTURE :

Guesses about the PRESENT or the FUTURE Must May Might Could Can’t + VERB 5 Gita Siva

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She could be tired . She might have a headache. 6 Gita Siva

Guesses about the PRESENT MOMENT :

Guesses about the PRESENT MOMENT Must May Might Could Can’t + BE + V + ING 7 Gita Siva

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She might be crying . 8 Gita Siva

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They may be eavesdropping . 9 Gita Siva

Guesses about the PAST :

Guesses about the PAST Must May Might Could Can’t + HAVE + V 3 10 Gita Siva

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She might have received some bad news. 11 Gita Siva

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She must have lost her cell phone. 12 Gita Siva

Let’s speculate about the following situations.:

Let’s speculate about the following situations. 13 Gita Siva

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Example: He must have graduated from College. 14 Gita Siva

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