Parallelogram : Parallelogram A parallelogram is a quadrilateral where the opposite sides are congruent and parallel.
A rectangle is a type of parallelogram, but we often see parallelograms that are not rectangles (parallelograms without right angles).
Area of a Parallelogram : Area of a Parallelogram Any side of a parallelogram can be considered a base. The height of a parallelogram is the perpendicular distance between opposite bases.
The area formula is A=bh A=bh A=5(3) A=15m2
Area of a Triangle : Area of a Triangle A triangle is a three sided polygon. Any side can be the base of the triangle. The height of the triangle is the perpendicular length from a vertex to the opposite base.
A triangle (which can be formed by splitting a parallelogram in half) has a similar area formula: A = ½ bh.
Example : Example A= ½ bh A= ½ (30)(10) A= ½ (300) A= 150 km2
Complex Figures : Complex Figures Use the appropriate formula to find the area of each piece.
Add the areas together for the total area.
Example : Example | 27 cm | 10 cm 24 cm Split the shape into a rectangle and triangle. The rectangle is 24cm long and 10 cm wide. The triangle has a base of 3 cm and a height of 10 cm.
Solution : Solution Rectangle A = lw A = 24(10) A = 240 cm2 Triangle A = ½ bh A = ½ (3)(10) A = ½ (30) A = 15 cm2 Total Figure A = A1 + A2 A = 240 + 15 = 255 cm2
Homework Time : Homework Time