National Curriculum Frameworks

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National Curriculum Frameworks:

National Curriculum Frameworks By S P Mohanty

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A Curriculum Framework indicates the directions in which the educational system of a country has to proceed in order to implement its educational policy The NPE and POA (1986, 1992) documents proposed a national framework as a means of evolving a national system of education capable of responding to India’s diversity of geographical and cultural milieus while ensuring a common core of values along with academic components. Both documents envisioned NCF as a means of modernizing the system of education.

Significant milestones:

Significant milestones Significant milestones in the Curriculum, syllabus and textbooks for schools are developed by NCERT “ The Curriculum for the Ten Year School – A Framework” in 1975 ‘National Curriculum for Elementary and Secondary Education – A Framework ’ in 1988 National Curriculum Framework for School Education (NCFSE ) in 2000 National Curriculum Framework 2005

The Curriculum for the Ten Year School – A Framework (1975) :

The Curriculum for the Ten Year School – A Framework (1975) The first attempt to develop the national curriculum for school education was initiated by the then Ministry of Education and Social Welfare in 1973 to develop the curriculum for the 10+2 pattern For this purpose an Expert Group was appointed. The Group was expanded in 1974 and the NCERT organized the massive exercise of curriculum development.

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Finally, in 1975, a curriculum with curricular inputs and curricular sub-processes was prepared entitled, “The Curriculum for the Ten Year School – A Framework

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The framework provides the aspects: teaching of environmental studies, science and Mathematics as a part of general education curriculum from the primary level.

Features:

Features Flexibility within a Framework of Acceptable principles and values: Discrepancy to be reduced between Hidden and prescribed curriculum Life needs and aspiration of people Science and Math for productive out look Work experience as source of learning Social justice democratic values and national integration

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Three language formula Artistic experience and expression Physical education Character building and human values Implications of UNESCO Learning to be Drop out and multiple entry Semester system Core curriculum and beyond

Objectives at Primary stage :

Objectives at Primary stage Literacy Numeracy Technocracy: Method of enquiry in science National symbols Plural culture of India Dignity of labour Cleanliness and health Beautiful surrounding knowledge Character and personality, values development Habit formation

Middle stage VII- VIII:

Middle stage VII- VIII Learn to adjust with society Three language National integration, understanding Social studies and others Evn edu, nutrition, population education Work education, agriculture, technological process

Lower Secondary IX-X:

Lower Secondary IX-X Knowledge and skill to carry area of work Physical edu, game, sports Values Cultural heriatge

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Subjects of study

The stage wise school curriculum of 1975 Primary Stage (Classes I to V) :

The stage wise school curriculum of 1975 Primary Stage (Classes I to V) Class I-II (Areas of School Work and Time allocation) First Language 25% Mathematics 10% Environmental Studies (Social Studies and General Science) 15% Work Experience and the Arts 25% Health Education and Games 25% Total 100%

Class-III-V (Areas of School Work and Time allocation) :

Class-III-V (Areas of School Work and Time allocation) First Language 25% Mathematics 15% Environmental Studies – I (Social Studies) 10 % Environmental Studies-II (General Science) 10% Work Experience and the Arts 20% Health Education and Games 20% Total 100%

Upper Primary Stage (Classes VI to X):

Upper Primary Stage (Classes VI to X) Upper primary and lower secondary schools should work for six days in the week. Assuming that there would be 48 periods per week, each of 30-40 minute duration

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First Language 8 Second Language 5 Mathematics 7 Science (Life Science and Physical Science) 7 Social Science (History, Geography, Civics and Economics ) 6 Arts 4 Work Experience 5 Physical Education, Health Education & Games 6 Total 48 Class-VI -VIII (Areas of School Work and Time allocation )

Class-IX-X(Areas of School Work and Time allocation) :

Class-IX-X(Areas of School Work and Time allocatio n) First Language 6 Second Language 5 Third Language 2 Mathematics 7 Sciences (Life Sciences and Physical Sciences) 7 Social Sciences (History, Geography, Civics and Economics etc .) 7 Arts 3 Work Experience 5 Physical Education, Health Education and Games 6 Total 48

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