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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder : 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder “ A Neurological disorder that impacts individuals BY: ABHA ADLAKHA

Impacts individuals in four main categories : 

Impacts individuals in four main categories Easily Bored - Unless the task is very stimulating,

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PREVALANCE Less than half of children with ADD ever "out-grow" it in adolescence or adulthood. If untreated, the disorder can have long-term adverse effects into adolescence and adulthood

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The disorder has different "looks" or "types."

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ADHD Comes in Different Types "Inattentive": Just like Winnie the Pooh "Classic ADHD": Tigers like to bounce... "Over-Focused": Rabbit tends his garden "With Anxiety": Piglet is nervous and worries... "With Depression": Eeyore says, "Thanks for noticing me..."

Feature's of ADHD : 

Feature's of ADHD Distractibility Interrupting Impulsivity Fidgeting Inattention Impulsivity Motor Activity Mood Swings Poor Organization and planning Problem in compliance and socialization

Setting Up Your Classroom to Help ADHD Children for elementary class : 

Setting Up Your Classroom to Help ADHD Children for elementary class POST : rules logical consequences reward prompting and redirection He/She is very auditory distractible Is more visually distracted. "Management By Walking Around"

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To minimize distractions Help him/her anticipate times requiring increased concentration. Make a copy day's schedule and post it. If student tends to lose focus, and his activity-level increases during the day, schedule the most demanding attention tasks in the morning. Seat those really smart and quiet girls/boys next to the ADHD child. Use the ADD ADHD student's worksheet as an example Many students often bring their own distractions (toys) from home. Try to make a classroom rule about appropriate time/place to share them with classmates and limit their appearance in the classroom and on the desks Allow the ADD ADHD student to tutor a younger child

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Interact frequently (verbally and physically) with them. Write personal notes to the student about key elements of the lesson. Establish eye contact when receiving direction/instruction. Your student will be more successful when given directions one step at a time. have him/her paraphrase what the teacher has said. This will increase his comprehension and provide an opportunity to check for understanding. Make lessons brief or break longer presentations into discrete segments

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Allow the ADD ADHD child to move a pencil or his finger across the page while reading. If he's writing, allow him/her to use one or two fingers for spacing between words Consider having the ADD ADHD student complete every second or third problem, instead of answering each one. Require him to show mastery of concepts. Give a minute timer to keep on his desk. Ask the ADD ADHD child how long he thinks it would take to perform a certain task with accuracy. Let him set his own time and race against the timer.

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Dealing with Impulsive Behaviors ADHD" children tend to act without thinking first. Behaviorally, this shows itself in a lack of understanding of cause and effect. Attention Deficit students do things without thinking about the consequences of their actions. They say things without considering how others will respond. Attention deficit students can often verbalize the rules in place for behavior but have difficulty internalizing them and translating them into thoughtful behavior. . Difficulties in delaying gratification also add to the impulsivity.

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think "out loud" when they are problem-solving Teach Stop and Think" Encourage thoughtful responding and decrease impulsivity by waiting 10 to 15 seconds to receive responses during whole group instruction. To improve out-of-the-classroom behavior allow the class to earn a reward based on compliments Praise specific behaviors. For example, "I like how you wrote down all your assignments correctly," rather than, "Good boy!"

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Treat him with respect. Never belittle him in front of his peers. Children can be cruel Help developing a "friendship plan" for the home and school setting Give him a break once in a while, don't confront him on each little thing. It is hard for these children to control themselves all of the time. Be alert to how much movement they may need. Help the child find his areas of strength so that he can build his self-esteem Allow student to stand at times.

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can have good days and bad days, good hours and bad hours Your ADD ADHD student may need a place to unwind and reduce stress during the school day. A simple nod, wink, smile, or touch on the shoulder can be very powerful reward Instead of confronting your student continually on activities/behaviors that are inappropriate, point out the alternative choices that are available Remember that behavior that is rewarded tends to re-occur. Behavior that is ignored tends to go away, unless it is anti-social behavior (which is self-rewarding if one "gets away with it"). Purposefully reward on-task and compliant behaviors ASAP to increase the likelihood that they will happen again

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Develop a “secret language” with the child. Seat child with a “study buddy” Increase distance between desks Acknowledge positive behavior of nearby child Seat child near good role model or near teacher Set up behavior contract

Mood fluctuations : 

Mood fluctuations Look for opportunities for the child to display leadership role Initiate communications with teacher/parent Send positive notes between home and school Take time to talk alone with the child Encourage social interactions if the child is withdrawn or excessively shy Reinforce frequently when signs of frustration are noticed Look for signs of stress build up and provide encouragement or reduced work load to alleviate pressure and avoid temper outburst

Know the difference between big things and little things : 

Know the difference between big things and little things ``Without deviation from the norm, progress is not possible.`` --Frank Zappa THANK YOU

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