Portugal Mosteiro da Batalha6

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://ma-planete.com/pps/websiteview/catid_45/id_454275/title_Portugal-Mosteiro-da-Batalha6/ Thank you! Always good to come back to Batalha!!! The Monastery of Santa Maria da Vitória, today known as the Monastery of Batalha, was built as a result of the promise made on the battlefield, by King João I to the Virgin Mary, under the pressure of all that was at stake, to build a monastery if victory were his. The importance of the building of the monastery did not end with the fulfillment of that promise; from the very beginning it also embodied the consecration of King João I as King of Portugal, the symbolic and real personification of a new dynasty, as expressed and legitimised by divine will.

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Slide1:

Batalha Santa Maria da Vitória 6

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Batalha's abbey is one of Europe's greatest Gothic masterpieces and is protected as a World Heritage monument. It was built in 1388 after King João I made a vow to the Virgin that he would build a magnificent monastery if she granted him a victory over the Castillians in the Battle of Aljubarrota

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An equestrian statue of Nuno Alvares Pereira, the king's commander at the battle, stands before the southern façade

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Nuno Álvares Pereira later became a mystic and was beatified by Pope Benedict XV, in 1918, and  canonised  by Pope Benedict XVI in 2009. He is often referred to as the Saint Constable (Santo Condestável ) or as Saint Nuno of Saint Mary (São Nuno de Santa Maria)

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Batalha Monastery was added to UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1983 because it commemorates an important historical event and "here a highly original, national Gothic style evolved, profoundly influenced by Manueline art, as demonstrated by its masterpiece, the Royal Cloister." Batalha is located 118km (73 miles) N of Lisbon and not far from Fatima and Alcobaça.

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Lateral Portal

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Lateral Portal

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The portico entrance to the Monastery, by Huguet 

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The main facade of the Batalha monastery 

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Capela do Fundador (Founder’s Chapel), Masterpiece of the Gothic

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Capela do Fundador (Founder’s Chapel)

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Capela do Fundador

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Capela do Fundador Lateral entrance Unfinished Chapels

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Tomb of King Joao I and his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster. Born into the royal family of England, her marriage secured the Treaty of Windsor and produced several children who became known as the "Illustrious Generation" in Portugal

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One feature of Portuguese history is its long-standing alliance with England. England and Portugal frequently supported each other militarily, but there was also cooperation over trade and a profound connection in the exchange of art and science. English influence is seen also in the architecture and art of Batalha Monastery: the Portuguese masters designed it in the style of Perpendicular Gothic, a uniquely English architectural style

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Tomb of King Joao I and his wife Queen Philippa of Lancaster

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Capela do Fundador

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Capela do Fundador

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“Batalha Monastery is not just a monastery; it is a lot more than this. It is a monument to the unity of a nation, a union with England, an expression of the power of Aviz dynasty and, above all, a wonderful monument of architecture and art” Tomb of the Infants

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Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Chapter House

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Lit by the so-called ‘Flame of the Mother Country’ of the Monumental Lamp created by Lourenço Chaves de Almeida, a Guard of Honour watches over the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the protective eye of the maimed ‘Christ of the Trenches’ that had been the constant companion of the Portuguese troops in the campaign of Neuve-Chapelle, Flanders

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Joao I Queen Philippa Henry the Navigator  On 15th August 1385, the decisive battle took place between the Portuguese and the Castilians: the Battle of Aljubarrota. Portugal won, under the leadership of King John I (Dom João I), thereby preserving its independence from Castile. In order to commemorate this historic event and to promote the unity of Portugal, King John I (the first king in the Aviz dynasty) ordered the building of a church and monastery of unseen beauty and scale, to be devoted to the Virgin Mary. Philippa of Lancaster (1360 –1415) was Queen of Portugal from 1387 until 1415 by marriage to King John I. She became Queen consort of Portugal through her marriage to King John I. This marriage was the final step in the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance against the Franco-Castillian axis.

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Construction of this grand building took more than a century and there were fifteen main architects. Although the Monastery of Batalha (the Monastery of the Battle) drained both the manpower and the financial resources of Portugal, it also helped spur the development of arts, architecture and structural engineering in the nation

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“A souvenir can be any object that can be collected or purchased and transported home by the traveler as a memento of a visit”

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Nerium oleander

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Nerium oleander

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Modern art: Filipe Curado - Transgression

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Sound : Tereza Salgueiro - Madredeus - O sonho Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foi ş oreanu Gabriela Cristescu Internet All  copyrights  belong to their  respective owners Presentation : Sanda Foi ş oreanu https://plus.google.com/+SandaMichaela 2017

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