Portugal Alcobaca Monastery, UNESCO World Heritage Site (A1)

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.nicepps.ro/prezentare-powerpoint-portugal-alcobaca1-20752.html http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/alcobaca1 Thank you! The Alcobaça Monastery (Mosteiro de Santa Maria de Alcobaça) is a Mediaeval Roman Catholic Monastery located in the town of Alcobaça, in central Portugal. It was founded by the first Portuguese King, Afonso Henriques, in 1153, and maintained a close association with the Kings of Portugal throughout its history. The church and monastery were the first Gothic buildings in Portugal, and, together with the Monastery of Santa Cruz in Coimbra, it was one of the most important of the mediaeval monasteries in Portugal. Due to its artistic and historical importance, it was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1989.

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Alcobaça 1

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Listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage site, in 1989, this magnificent monastery is one of the finest and most impressive examples of Cistercian architecture in Europe. Although it was built almost 900 years ago, the monastery still preserves the set of its mediaeval buildings. The church is the largest primitive Gothic church built in Portugal in the Middle Ages

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The monastery was built at the same time as the foundation of Portugal as a nation, and also shares some of its history. The Cistercian Order was founded by the Portugal's first king, D. Afonso Henriques, following the donation of lands in Alcobaça in return for victory over the Moors during the conquest of Santarém

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Building on the monastery began in 1178, following the model of the abbey of Claraval, the Order's mother church in France. The monks, who traditionally wore white habits, created a unique work of civilisation in the region, reflected in the public school that was founded in 1269.

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The regal donations received over the course of various reigns, led to the creation of the estates of Alcobaça - vast territorial domains that were populated and cultivated by the monks, and where they founded an agricultural school. In the façade of the monastery, only the Gothic portico dates back to the original design. The graceful statues of São Bento and São Bernardo, located either side of the portico, contrast with the Baroque frontispiece and the bell towers that were added in the 18th-century.

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The main façade of the Monastery has two plain-style wings with the church in the middle. The façade of the church is a mix of styles: the portal and the rose window above were part of the original church, while the statues and the two flanking towers were added in the beginning of the 18th century.

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Room of the Kings, located close to the entrance of the church, has a series of 17th-18th century statues representing the Kings of Portugal.

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The walls are decorated with blue-white 18th century tiles that tell the history of the Monastery of Alcobaça, since its foundation by Afonso Henriques.

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Room of the Kings (Sala dos Reis)

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Caldeira 1385

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Chapter House (Sala do Capitulo) This room, where the monks gathered to discuss the daily matters concerning the monastery, was the most important room after the church. Their daily gathering began by listening to the reading of a chapter from the Rule of St Benedict. The entrance to the house is done through a romanesque-looking portal with two similar windows on each side. The room is now filled with baroque statues created by the monks for the main chapel of the church.

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Entrance to the sacristy

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The sacristy had been built in manueline style in the early 16-th century, but had to be rebuilt after the 1755 quake. The corridor leading to the sacristy, covered by a splendid manueline rib vaulting, and the portal to the sacristy have survived the quake. The portal is a framed by intertwined vegetal branches that carry the coat-of-arms of Portugal.

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Sacristy of Mosteiro de Alcobaça

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Sound : Golden Age of Portuguese Music. Rebelo – Magnificat Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Gabriela Cristescu Internet Copyrights of the photos belong to each photographer Presentation : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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