Pavia, town of art, cradle of culture

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/pavia-town-of-art-cradle-of-culture Thank you! The “Studium” in Pavia was founded in the 10th centuty and it is reported in Lotario’s Diploma in 961. It was reorganized four centuries later by the Visconti family who settled it in the present place and gave it the statute of a free University. Petrarca, whom Galeazzo the Second had entrusted with the task of collecting the Library of the Visconteo Castle, gives a similar description of Pavia in a letter to Boccaccio in 1365: “The position of the town is much more striking than other towns [...], Pavia emerges from the plain, just enough to dominate it and, stretching on a hillside, the town raises its numerous towers to the sky in such a free and panoramic view that I do not believe another lowland town has a more magnificent and wonderful sight”.

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8 Pavia

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A small city with a charming and well preserved historic centre by the banks of the Ticino River, Pavia is less than half-an-hour by train from Milan. Pavia hosts the largest college system in Italy, comprising 15 colleges (two of them dating from the 16th century).

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The historic branch of the University of Pavia is an ample complex composed of buildings and courts: it extends in the north eastern area of the city centre and occupies many blocks. The principle prospect, of neoclassic forms, faces the Corso Strada Nuova, supporting axle of the historic centre, and corresponds with antique cardo of the roman city. The university is one of the most antique and prestigious in Europe, where all of the most important faculties are offered and is attended by students from every part of the world.

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Pavia - University (Main Entrance) On the sides of the main entrance are portraits of the founder, Galeazzo Secondo Visconti, and of the king of Italy Lotario who, in the 9th century, established the Pavese Studium, forerunner of the university. In Pavia, in fact, lives an antique cultural tradition that has roots in the era in which the city was the capital of the Longobardo reign Pavia - University (Main Entrance) On the sides of the main entrance are portraits of the founder, Galeazzo Secondo Visconti, and of the king of Italy Lotario who, in the 9th century, established the Pavese Studium, forerunner of the university. In Pavia, in fact, lives an antique cultural tradition that has roots in the era in which the city was the capital of the Longobardo reign

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Pavia - Cortile Università

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Pavia’s university is one of the oldest and most famous in Europe. Throughout its history, the university has benefited from the presence of the physicist Alessandro Volta (Pavia chair of natural philosophy 1769-1804), the poet Ugo Foscolo (chair of Italian eloquence 1809-10), and the physician Camillo Golgi (at Pavia from 1861).

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Aula Volta

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Aula Magna The University of Pavia's Aula Magna

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The funeral gravestones of the first twelve docents of the Studium, that today can be seen walled under the portico of the Volta courtyard, well illustrate how the lessons were carried out during the first centuries of life of the university. The docents sitting in their richly decorated posts, bestowed the teachings to the students, that instead were seated on simple benches. Learning was thereby only entrusted in concentration and memory

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University of Pavia – Alessandro Volta inventor of the battery. University of Pavia – Camillo Golgi

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University of Pavia – statues courtyard

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An edict issued by the Frankish king of Italy Lothar I (ruled 818-55) mentions the existence of a higher education institution at Pavia as early as AD 825. This institution, mainly devoted to ecclesiastical and civil law as well as to divinity studies, was then selected as the prime educational centre for northern Italy. Officially established as a studium generale by the Holy Roman emperor Charles IV (r. 1355-78) in 1361, the institution was enlarged and renovated by the duke of Milan, Gian Galeazzo Visconti (ruled 1385-1402), becoming the Duchy's sole university.

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A number of renowned scholars have taught at the Alma Ticinensis Universitas, including the inventor of the electric cell, Alessandro Volta, the poet Ugo Foscolo and Nobel Laureates Camillo Golgi, Giulio Natta and Carlo Rubbia.

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The University of Pavia (Italian: Università degli Studi di Pavia, UNIPV) is a university located in Pavia. It was founded in 1361 and has nine faculties you are in the so-called medical courtyard

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In 1997, were established the IUSS, which is an Higher Learning Institution (in Italian, "Istituto Universitario di Studi Superiori"). The IUSS is the federal body that links the 5 colleges of Pavia which constitute the Pavia University System. University of Pavia – Biblioteca

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The Visconti Castle, which was built for Gian Galeazzo Visconti

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The northern side of the castle with its two towers was destroyed by the artillery of Francis I in 1527. The three still existing wings show several kinds of windows in the first floor loggia looking onto the inner yard and they refer back to the restorations made during the first century of life of the building. In the castle there was also a large library with miniated codexes and some Petrarch’s manuscripts and an astronomic clock showing the motion of all known planets.

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The great Italian poet Francesco Petrarca worked here; he was called by Gian Galeazzo Visconti to take care of his library.

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Sala Azzurra

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the Renaissance wooden model of the Cathedral as it was originally designed.

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The City Museums of Pavia since 1950 have been accommodated in the Visconti Castle 19th century paintings section, Morone donation

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Federico Zandomeneghi (Italian, 1841-1917) Reflection

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Plinio Nomellini, Lucilla (La Ninina), 1881-1889

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Tranquillo Cremona (1837 – 1878) Portrait of Nicola Massa

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Sole di bronzo

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Scuderie del Castello Visconteo

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The Romanesque reliefs collection is particularly remarkable as it comes from the no more existing churches.

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Text: Internet Pictures: Internet & Melinda Horvat Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Mauro Giuliani - Gran duetto concertante (Op. 52) III Rondo militaire - Allegretto

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