Pavia, un breve giro della città

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/pavia-un-breve-giro-della-citt Thank you! Dating back over 2,000 years, the city of Pavia (pop. 71,000) served as the capital of Lombard and Carolingian Empires from ca. 600AD - 1100AD

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5 Pavia

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Dating back over 2,000 years, the city of Pavia (pop. 71,000) served as the capital of Lombard and Carolingian Empires from ca. 600AD - 1100AD.

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The construction (presently still unfinished in some minor details) of The Cathedral of Pavia was begun in the 15th century on the site of two pre-existing Romanesque cathedrals (Santo Stefano and Santa Maria del Popolo). The cathedral houses the remains of St. Sirus, first bishop of Pavia..

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The cathedral was begun in 1488 under architect Cristoforo Rocchi, soon replaced by Giovanni Antonio Amadeo and Gian Giacomo Dolcebuono.

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The original project, with a nave and two aisles flanked by semicircular niches and a large central dome, was influenced by Bramante, some details of it later appearing in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Also Leonardo da Vinci is known to have contributed to the project.

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The central dome, with an octagonal plan, is 97 m tall. It is the fourth in Italy in size, after St. Peter's, the Pantheon and Florence Cathedral. The Cathedral houses the Christ Crown's Thorns.

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On the background the majestic octagonal dome of Pavia's Cathedral. In close up the Broletto Palace, the oldest in all Lombardy, which was in the middle age the symbol of the municipal independence. Next to the cathedral was the Civic Tower (Torre Civica ).

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Next to the cathedral was the Civic Tower (Torre Civica), known in 1330 and enlarged in 1583, which collapsed on March 17 1989, killing several people. Both Broletto and the Civic Tower were for more than a thousand years the symbol of the autonomy and authority of the Free Commune. The former as the seat of the powers, of the election meetings and sometimes of the Notaries and Merchants’ Corporations; the latter, symbol built toward the sky to call and gather the people with the sound of its bells and to reassert the Commune’s power just beside the Cathedral.

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The Broletto Palace and Pavia's Cathedral It is a composition that cannot be conceived separately even if between the two monuments there is a distance of several metres . The Broletto is the oldest building in Lombardy belonging to the Commune Age. Its name comes from “ Brolio ” that is the area in which the people of a Free Commune used to gather. For almost a thousand years it has been the heart of Pavia

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Palazzo del Broletto

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The Regisole ("Sun King") was a bronze classical or Late Antique equestrian monument, highly influential during the Italian Renaissance but destroyed in 1796.

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The Regisole ("Sun King") was originally erected at Ravenna, but was removed to Pavia in the Middle Ages, where it stood on a column before the cathedral, as an emblem of communal pride and Pavia's deep connection with imperial Rome

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According to different modern scholars the subject was possibly Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths (reigned 471-526), or it was "probably a Roman work of the third century AD", or "possibly Septimius Severus, with several later modifications" (he was emperor 193-211)

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After the French Revolution, the Regisole was destroyed by the Jacobin Club in Pavia in 1796, since it was considered a symbol of monarchy. In 1937 sculptor Francesco Messina was entrusted with the execution of a copy, according to ancient reproductions. The new Regisole, a 6-meter high bronze statue placed on a base of travertine, was relocated to the front of the Cathedral of Pavia and solemnly inaugurated on December 8, 1937. The most recent monograph of its history is Cesare Saletti, Il Regisole di Pavia, 1997.

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La Cupola Arnaboldi (1882) Corso Mazzini Arnaboldi Gallery was built by the Mayor of Pavia, count Bernardo Arnaboldi Cazzaniga, between 1880 and 1882, perhaps inspired by the magnificent Gallery of Milan in 1867.

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Arnaboldi Gallery i n Pavia was place for commercial and agricultural trading and was also known as the indoor market.

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Arnaboldi Gallery is composed of a single central octagonal room, covered by a glass and iron Dome, two short tunnels for entrance and exit and a portico to the square of linen.

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"Piazza della Vittoria" (Victory Square) in the hearth of Pavia, is about 700 years old.

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Piazza della Vittoria Pavia

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Piazza della Vittoria Pavia Victory Square

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The walls and the bastions were demolished between the end of the last century and the beginning of the present one. Some parts of them can still be seen; All that remained of the huge medieval fortifications of the famous battle between King Francis I of France and the German emperor Charles V. The Battle of Pavia, fought on the morning of 24 February 1525, was the decisive engagement of the Italian War of 1521–26. Fresco Chiesa di S.Teodoro

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Pomegranate ( Punica granatum )

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the monument to the Cairoli family, heroes during the Risorgimento dedicato dalla Patria 1900 opera dello scultore Enrico Cassi Piazza del lino

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Palazzo Mezzabarba the Town Hall The residence of Mezzabarba Counts was planned following the Late Baroque style ( Rococò ) by architect Giovanni Antonio Veneroni in the years 1728-1730 and it became seat of the Town Hall in 1875.

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The statue of Augustus Caesar in Town Hall Square is a replica of the original statue that depicts Caesar Octavian, later called Augustus Caesar, born in 63 BC and died in A.D. 14 in Nola near Naples.

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From the entrance and the hall rich in columns, it is possible to reach the hall on the first floor (presently the Council Hall) painted with mythological themes by Giovanni Antonio Borroni from Cremona. Some other halls still preserve painted decorations and sometimes curious pieces of furniture.

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The statue that we admire in Piazza Municipio is cast in bronze and is perfect in every detail. It was donated to the Municipality of Pavia in 1936 by the Head of the Government at the time, Benito Mussolini during his visit to Pavia to usher in the new City Hall and the Imperial Bridge just been completed.

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Orto Botanico

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Teatro Fraschini

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San Michele Maggiore can be considered the prototype of other important medieval churches in Pavia such as San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro and San Teodoro

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Basilica di San Michele Maggiore, striking example of Lombard-Romanesque style.

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The church of the Franciscan Preaching Friars was begun in 1228 and ended in 1298. The apse, shaped as a Greek cross, is built on five large spans covered by pointed arches cross-vaults. The long nave has a wooden truss roof. The building material is terracotta bricks like other churches in Pavia.

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San Francesco Il Gotico lombardo

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San Francesco Il Gotico lombardo Piazza San Francesco d'Assisi

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Parco dei bersaglieri

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Parco dei bersaglieri Garibaldi and the Resorgimento monument (by Egidio Pozzi di Milano) Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 –1882) was an Italian general and politician. He is considered, with Camillo Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II and Giuseppe Mazzini, as one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland".

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Text: Internet Pictures: Internet & Melinda Horvat Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Giulio Briccialdi - Solo Romantico Op.72

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