Certosa di Pavia1

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YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION HERE: http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/certosa-di-pavia1 Thank you! The Certosa di Pavia is a monastery and complex in Lombardy, northern Italy, situated near a small town of the same name in the Province of Pavia, 8 km north of Pavia. Built in 1396-1495, it was once located on the border of a large hunting park belonging to the Visconti family of Milan, of which today only scattered parts remain. It is one of the largest monasteries in Italy.

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1 Certosa di Pavia

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The Certosa di Pavia is a monastery and complex in Lombardy, northern Italy, situated near a small town of the same name in the Province of Pavia, 8 km north of Pavia. Built in 1396-1495, it was once located on the border of a large hunting park belonging to the Visconti family of Milan, of which today only scattered parts remain. It is one of the largest monasteries in Italy. Certosa is the Italian name for a house of the cloistered monastic order of Carthusians founded by St. Bruno in 1044 at Grande Chartreuse. Though the Carthusians in their early centuries were known for their seclusion and asceticism and the plainness of their architecture, the Certosa is renowned for the exuberance of its architecture, in both the Gothic and Renaissance styles, and for its collection of artworks which are particularly representative of the region.

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The entrance

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The entrance

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The entrance

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The façade of the church is famous for its exuberant decorations, typical of Lombard architecture, every part being decorated with reliefs, inlaid marble and statues. Sculptors who worked on it include Cristoforo Mantegazza and Giovanni Antonio Amadeo himself. In addition to applied sculpture, the facade itself has a rich sculptural quality because of the contrast between richly textured surfaces, projecting buttresses, horizontal courses and arched openings, some of which are shadowed, while those in the small belfries are open to the sky.

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Gian Galeazzo Visconti, hereditary lord and first Duke of Milan, commissioned the building of the Certosa to the architect Marco Solari, inaugurating the works and laying the foundation stone on August 27, 1396, as recorded by a bas-relief on the facade. The location was strategically chosen midway between Milan and Pavia, the second city of the Duchy, where the Duke held his court.

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The church was designed as a grand structure with a nave and two aisles, a type unusual for the Carthusian Order.

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The church was consecrated on May 3, 1497. The lower part of the façade was not completed until 1507.

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Details from the lower part of the façade

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Details from the lower part of the façade

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Details from the lower part of the façade

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Details from the lower part of the façade

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La fondazione della Certosa di Pavia Marble, detail of ornamental bas-relief façade about 1494-1497

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La fondazione della Certosa di Pavia Marble, detail of ornamental bas-relief façade about 1494-1497

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details of ornamental bas-relief

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details of ornamental bas-relief

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The church, the last edifice of the complex to be built, was to be the family mausoleum of the Visconti.

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T omb of Ludovico il Moro and Beatrice d'Este by Cristoforo Solari.

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The coat of arms of the Visconti family, showing a snake swallowing a Saracen (Arab). Tomb of Ludovico Sforza (The Moor), 7th Duke of Milan (1452 -1508)), and his wife Beatrice d'Este on the North side of the transept

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Text: Internet Pictures: Internet & Melinda Horvat Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound : Gioachino Rossini - Messa di Gloria - Domine Deus

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