Sejarah Palestine Bab 2

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Slide 1: 

Prev Next My Readlist Bab 2

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Memahami Sejarah PALESTIN Bab 2 KEBANGKITAN BAGI UMAT ISLAM DARIPADA PENJAJAHAN Prev Next My Readlist 1/1

Kertas Putih MacMahon : 

Kertas Putih MacMahon 24 Oktober 1915 Surat menyurat di antara Sir Henry MacMahon, Pesuruhjaya British di Kaherah, dan Sharif Hussein (Mekkah) Menjanjikan pemerintahan Arab di Palestin apabila ianya “dibebaskan” dari kekuasaan Turki Orang Arab harus membantu Inggeris Prev Next My Readlist 1/1

Perjanjian Sykes Picot : 

Persefahaman antara British dan Perancis, dengan persetujuan Russia, 1916 Membahagi-bahagikan tanah Arab dan Timur Tengah ke bawah pengaruh mereka Memecahkan tanah-tanah Arab kepada negeri-negeri kecil Menghadkan dan mengawal pengujudan negeri-negeri Arab Perjanjian Sykes Picot Prev Next My Readlist 1/1

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Palestin pada 1916.. Pembahagian oleh penjajah melalui perjanjian Sykes-Picot Awal 1800- bilangan Yahudi tidak lebih 5,000 orang sahaja. Sebelum 1918 Yahudi memiliki tidak sampai 1.6% dari Palestin Bagaimana Negara Haram Israel ditubuhkan? Prev Next My Readlist 1/2

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1918 – Kerajaan Othmaniah kalah WW1. Palestin jatuh ke tangan British Gelombang pertama Yahudi Eropah seramai 25,000 orang memasuki bumi Palestin Bilangan meningkat 55,000 (8% penduduk) dan Zionis berjaya memiliki 42,000 hektar tanah (1.6% Palestin) dari merasuah pihak pentadbiran Kerajaan Othmaniah Perubahan Demografi Prev Next My Readlist 2/2

Tindakan British Apabila memerintah Palestin: : 

Tindakan British Apabila memerintah Palestin: Akta baru memudahkan kemasukkan pendatang dan pembelian tanah kepada Yahudi (Suruhanjaya Peel) Memberi autonomi serta membenarkan Yahudi mempunyai pasukan bersenjata Tindas orang Arab (cukai tinggi, tidak benarkan beli tanah dan ada senjata) Prev Next My Readlist 1/1

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November 2nd, 1917Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. “His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.” I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely,Arthur James Balfour Perisytiharan Balfour Prev Next My Readlist 1/6

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November 2nd, 1917Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. “His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.” I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely,Arthur James Balfour Perisytiharan Balfour Prev Next My Readlist 2/6

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November 2nd, 1917Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. “His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.” I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely,Arthur James Balfour Perisytiharan Balfour Prev Next My Readlist 3/6

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November 2nd, 1917Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. “His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.” I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely,Arthur James Balfour Perisytiharan Balfour Prev Next My Readlist 4/6

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Program memindahkan orang Yahudi ke Palestin Prev Next My Readlist 5/6

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Antara pemimpin yang pertama yang bangkit menentang British dan Yahudi adalah Haj Amin Al-Husayni (Mufti Baitiulmaqdis) dan Sheikh Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Prev Next My Readlist 6/6

Pembantaian Orang Awam Oleh Pengganas Yahudi : 

Pengeboman Hotel King David pada 22 Julai 1946 92 orang terbunuh Dilakukan oleh kumpulan pengganas Irgun dengan persefahaman Agensi Yahudi yang diketuai oleh David Ben Gurion Pembantaian Orang Awam Oleh Pengganas Yahudi Prev Next My Readlist 1/6

Pembantaian Orang Awam Oleh Pengganas Yahudi : 

Pembunuhan beramai-ramai orang awam Palestin di Desa Deir Yassin pada 9/10 April 1948 250 orang terkorban Mangsa disiksa dan dikelar-kelar Angkara kumpulan pengganas Haganah di bawah Benahem Begin Pembantaian Orang Awam Oleh Pengganas Yahudi Prev Next My Readlist 2/6

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Pengganas Yahudi – Haganah Prev Next My Readlist 3/6

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Peta Perancangan Pembantaiandi Deir Yassin (Dari Arkib Irgun) Prev Next My Readlist 4/6

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Sebelum 1948 - Yahudi memiliki tidak sampai 6.7% dari negara Palestin yang diperolehi dari warga bukan Palestin Untuk menghalang lebih banyak pertempuran selepas mandat British tamat,(yg dicipta oleh British) PBB tubuhkan UNSCOP Prev Next My Readlist 5/6

Siapa Anggota UNSCOP? : 

Netherlands Peru Canada Sweden Czechoslovakia Uruguay Guatemala Australia India Yugoslavia Iran Siapa Anggota UNSCOP? Prev Next My Readlist 6/6

Resolusi 181 : 

PBB menerima ‘majority report’ dan membentangkan resolusi 181 Nasib dan masa depan Palestin was put to vote and not even the locals, the true legitimate inheritors of palestine was consulted.. 33 negara menyokong, 13 menentang dan 10 berkecuali. Resolusi 181 Prev Next My Readlist 1/7

Bagaimana Keputusan Pengundian Resolusi 181? : 

Sokong 33 Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Byelorussia SSR, Canada, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Rep., Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Iceland, Liberia, Luxemburg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Sweden, Ukrainian SSR, Union of South Africa, USA, USSR, Uruguay, Venezuela Membantah 13 Afghanistan, Cuba, Egypt, Greece, India, Lebnon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Yemen Berkecuali 10 Argentina, Chile, China, Colombia, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Honduras, Mexico, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia Bagaimana Keputusan Pengundian Resolusi 181? Prev Next My Readlist 2/7

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November 1947, Resolusi 181 PBB: 55% dari negara Palestin diserahkan pada Yahudi Nota 1: Penduduk Palestin 68% dan memiliki 93.5% tanah Nota 2: Resolusi 181 menyatakan 498,000 Israel dan 407,000 Palestin Prev Next My Readlist 3/7

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1948 : Perang Arab (Mesir, Syria, Transjordan, Lebanon dan Iraq) dan Israel. Prev Next My Readlist 4/7

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77% wilayah dikuasai oleh Israel. Tebing Barat dijaga Jordan dan Gaza oleh Mesir. PBB memperakui penalukkan ini melalui “The Rhodes Armistice” 1949, perjanjian dengan negara jiran; Mesir, Syria, Lubnan dan Jordan Prev Next My Readlist 5/7

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1948 1949 14 Mei 1948 Negara Israel ditubuhkan 15 Mei 1948 Mandat British tamat Prev Next My Readlist 7/7

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Tentera Israel memasuki Baitul Maqdis Perang Enam Hari 1967 Prev Next My Readlist 1/4

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Menggempur Masjidil Aqsa, memasukki serta mencemarkan masjid tersebut Prev Next My Readlist 2/4

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“Letakkan apricot atas epal, Agama Muhammad telah hancur dan musnah, Muhammad telah mati, Yang tinggal hanyalah anak-anak perempuan yang lemah” Berpesta setelah menalukki masjid al-Aqsa Prev Next My Readlist 4/4

Pengkhianatan berterusan : 

Perang June ’67 Seluruh Tebing Barat termasuk Baitul Maqdis Timur dan Gaza dikuasai Israel. PBB meluluskan ketetapan 242 – Isreal kena keluar pada Garis Armistice 1949. Kenapa ketetapan ini tidak dikuatkuasakan? Malah Israel menyatukan Baitul Maqdis barat dan timur dan istihar sebagai ibu negara abadi Israel. Pengkhianatan berterusan Prev Next My Readlist 1/7

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1946 1947 1967 2000 Prev Next My Readlist 2/7

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2.8 juta Yahudi dibawa masuk ke Palestin dari 1949 - 2000 6.3 juta orang Palestin menjadi pelarian termasuk 1.6 juta di tanah air sendiri Prev Next My Readlist 3/7

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Rakyat Palestin masih memegang kunci rumah mereka : 

Rakyat Palestin masih memegang kunci rumah mereka Prev Next My Readlist 5/7

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Zionis melakukan banyak serangan untuk menghapuskan masjid Al-Aqsa (112 serangan antara 1967-1998; 72 serangan dilakukan selepas Perjanjian Oslo) Prev Next My Readlist 6/7

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Sekian Dahulu Daripada Kami Prev Next My Readlist 7/7

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