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Premium member Presentation Transcript INTELLIGENCE: INTELLIGENCEDefinition of Intelligence: Definition of Intelligence Intelligence is the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment. -Weshler Mesurement of Adult Intelligence. 1939Components of Intelligence: Components of Intelligence Understand complex ideas Adapt to the environment Learn from experience Ability to reason Problem solving skillsTheories of Intelligence: Theories of Intelligence Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences logical/mathematical linguistic spatial musical bodily kinesthetic interpersonal intrapersonal Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory Componential Intelligence (book smarts) Experiental Intelligence (creativity) Contextual Intelligence (street smarts)Slide 5: Gardner’s Theory of Intelligence *Verbal/ Linguistic *Visual/ Spatial *Interpersonal *Musical/ Rhythmic *Logical/ Mathematical *Intrapersonal *Bodily/ KinestheticSlide 6: The theory of multiple intelligences has encouraged the idea that a person is not born with all the intelligence they will ever possess. Each of the intelligences will be explained to give you a better understanding of Howard Gardner’s theory.Intelligence: Intelligence Linguistic IntelligenceSlide 8: ~*Linguistic Intelligence*~ Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart) is the capacity to use language, your native language, and perhaps other languages, to express what's on your mind and to understand other people. Gardner's Definition: Criteria Used for Linguistic Intelligence Can understand words and manipulate the structure of language Has highly developed communication skills including writing, speaking, and story-telling Knows and correctly uses rules of grammar Enjoys reading, writing, and speaking Has a large vocabulary This person learns best by: Saying, hearing, and seeing words, Writing, Talking and ReadingSlide 9: Careers Author Journalist Poet Playwright Radio Announcer Speech Pathologist (one who interprets) Typist Novelist Comedian Politician Actor These people would do well in these careers.Activities These People Would Enjoy: Activities These People Would Enjoy Book reporting Telling jokes Writing words Reading Journal writing Speaking Letter writing Storytelling Discussing Creative writing DebatingSlide 11: Logical-Mathematical IntelligenceSlide 12: Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Logical-mathematical intelligence is the capacity to use numbers effectively and reason well. Someone who has this kind of intelligence is able to see cause and effect really well; also, they are able to identify a problem and solve it right there on the spot. People with this intelligence think by reasoning, and they love experimenting, questioning, figuring out logical puzzles, and calculating.What kinds of processes are used in the logical-mathematical intelligence sequence?: What kinds of processes are used in the logical-mathematical intelligence sequence? Categorization Classification Inference Generalization Calculation Hypothesis testingCareers: Careers Accountant Auditor Banker Bookkeeper Businessperson Computer Analyst Computer Programmer Doctor Economist Legal Assistant Mathematician Purchasing Agent Science Researcher Science Teacher Statistician TechnicianSpatial Intelligence: Spatial IntelligenceWhat is spatial intelligence?: What is spatial intelligence? Spatial intelligence is the brain’s ability to perceive and interpret visual stimuli. In other words, it’s how our minds process what we see. Although not very recognized, spatial intelligence is very important in the arts and in everyday life.Possible Careers: Possible Careers Advertising Agent Architect Cartographer(Map Maker) Drafter Engineer Fine Artist Graphic Designer Fashion Designer Interior Designer Inventor Painter Photographer Pilot Sculptor Surveyor Urban PlannerSlide 18: Bodily-Kinesthetic IntelligenceWhat is Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence?: What is Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence? It is expertise in using one’s whole body to express ideas and feelings. Examples: acting, dancing, sports, and using body language It is the ability to use one’s hands to produce or transform things. Examples: sculpting clay and hands-on learningBodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence Love Dancing Running Jumping Building Touching Gesturing Need Role play Drama Movement Things to build Sports and physical games Tactile (touchable) experiences Hands-on learning Thinking through physical sensationsPossible Career Choices: Possible Career Choices Actor Athlete Carpenter Choreographer (creates and arranges dances) Craftsman Dancer Farmer Forest Ranger Inventor Jeweler Mechanic Mime P.E. Teacher Physical Therapist Recreational Director ActressSlide 22: Musical IntelligenceWhat is Musical Intelligence?: What is Musical Intelligence? Being musically intelligent means that you are able to distinguish the sounds around you and that you have the ability to make your own melodies. Even if you are only singing a song or making music, you are using your musical intelligence! If you are musically intelligent, you are able to: Perceive Discriminate Transform Express All kinds of musical formsTypes of Musical Intelligence: Types of Musical Intelligence Figural and Formal This means that you This means that you are very intuitive about analytic and technical the nature of music and about music and its its creation. creation. *Anyone can have either both or one of these forms * Careers This will give you just a taste for the jobs available in this growing field. : Careers This will give you just a taste for the jobs available in this growing field. Advertising Agent Conductor Film/Instrument Maker Composer Music Teacher Sound Engineer Music Therapist • Song Writer • Performing Musician • Piano Turner • Singer • Musical Theater Actor/ Actress • Studio Engineer • Instrument ManagerInterpersonal Intelligence: Interpersonal IntelligenceInterpersonal Intelligence: Interpersonal Intelligence Gardner's Definition: Interpersonal intelligence, (people smart), is understanding other people. It’s an ability we all need, but is at a premium if you are a teacher, clinician, salesperson, or a politician. Anybody who deals with other people has to be skilled in the interpersonal intelligence.Interpersonally intelligent people enjoy: : Interpersonally intelligent people enjoy: Understanding other's feelings Person-to-person communication Cooperative learning strategies Receiving feedback Group projects Teaching someone else something new Learning from someone outside of school Acting in a play or simulation Conducting an interview Sensing others’ motives Creating group rules Giving feedback to the teacher or to classmatesInterpersonal Careers: Interpersonal Careers Administrator Anthropologist Counselor Manager Nurse Personnel Director Politician Public Relations Salesperson School Principal Sociologist Therapist Teacher Travel Agent Religious Leader PsychologistSlide 30: Intrapersonal Intelligence “What is intrapersonal intelligence?” Intrapersonal intelligence is self-knowledge and the ability to act adaptively on the basis of that knowledge. This intelligence includes having an accurate picture of oneself (one’s strengths and weaknesses); awareness of inner moods, intentions, motivations, temperaments, and desires; and the capacity for self-discipline, self-understanding, and self-esteem. Essentially, it’s how well you know yourself.Slide 31: Careers • Program planner • Psychiatrist • Psychology Teacher • Philosopher • Researcher • Spiritual Counselor • PsychologistSternberg’s Successful intelligence: Sternberg’s Successful intelligence Three abilities to meet one’s own goals Analytic: Analytical abilities are the skills tested in traditional IQ tests and may be assumed to basically reflect general intelligence. Creative: the ability to address new ways of addressing issues and problems; artistic creativity is not correlated with general intelligence. Practical: Practical abilities often involve tacit knowledge-- practical knowledge needed to do a job; e.g., a mechanic's knowledge of socket wrenches.Intelligence Quotient (IQ): Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Evaluate intelligence with respect to age IQ = (mental age / chronological age)*100 IQ = (MA/CA) * 100Intelligence Quotient (IQ): Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Thus, if a 9-year old can answer questions of the same difficulty level as most 12-year-olds then IQ = (12/9) * 100 = 133 Also, add up many different scales to calculate a total score General reasoning abilityWhat is IQ?: What is IQ? Intelligence quotient (IQ): A numerical measure of a person’s performance on an intelligence test relative to the performance of other examinees Test Norms: standards of normal performance on IQ tests based on the average & range of scores of a large, representative sample of test takers IQ = MA/CA * 100Extremes of Intelligence: Extremes of Intelligence Mental retardation Refers to a wide variety of mental deficits Defined as significantly sub-average general intelligence functioning that is accompanied by significant limitations in adaptive functioning Some people with retardation show good performance on particular skillsExtremes of Intelligence: Extremes of Intelligence Giftedness Refers to superior IQ combined with ability in academics, creativity, and leadership Giftedness is often in specific areas “Globally” gifted people are rareDeterminants of Intelligence: Determinants of Intelligence 50% genetic 50% environmental Mental Abilities and Human Diversity: Mental Abilities and Human Diversity Gender Overall, men and women do not differ significantly in general intelligence Women may show slight advantage in mathematical computation skills Men show an advantage in spatial ability Men are more likely to fall in the extremes of intelligence rangeSlide 40: THANK YOU You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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