Electronic Voting (E-Voting)

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Electronic Voting or E-Voting or Global Wireless Voting System is a technologically upgraded voting system.

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ELECTRONIC Voting (e-voting) :

E LECTRONIC Voting (e-voting) Presented by: Sushma Golla (SNIST) Benny Moses (JNTU Karimnagar) B.Tech III-II, Dept. of IT

Contents :

Contents Introduction Present System (EVM) Disadvantages of the Present S ystem Proposed System (E-Voting System) Block Diagram of the System Working of the Whole System Block Diagram of the Voting Machine Eye Retina Scanner Interface Device Hurdles in the Path of Implementation Future Enhancements Conclusion References 2

Introduction :

Introduction Global Wireless E-Voting Machine: Proposed by International IDEA. ICT Application Automatic Eligibility Detection. Remote Storage of Votes. Wireless Transmission System Instant Result Display Mechanism 3

Present system:

Present system Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) which stores the votes. Control is under In-charge Officer who also checks the Eligibility. Voting Machines are collected at a place and sent for counting. 4

Disadvantages of the present system :

Disadvantages of the present system Eligibility of a candidate is not recognized. Corrupted Officers may increase the count of the voting. Technical problems with the machines, leads to re-elections. Status of the machines may be changed. Not cost effective, lot of manpower required. Voting takes place only at the place where the voting machine is present. 5

Proposed System:

Proposed System Called as E-Voting System Use of a Remote Secured System for storage of votes. An electronic circuit is used which enables the voter to vote and transfer this vote to the remote system by converting it into radio waves through mobile towers. Automatic Eligibility Detection. Eligibility is checked by a Retina-Scanner. 6

Block diagram:

7 Block diagram Alert alarm Voting machine Interface Device Server or Distributed LAN +Interface device Retina scanner 5 5 Ready signal 6 Vote flow channel 4 1 Mobile tower 3 2

Eye Retina Scanner:

Eye Retina Scanner The Eye Retina Scanner can be a simple web cam or a device which can capture the images effectively. The captured image will be represented in the form of a matrix where each pixel represents 24-bit (RGB, 8+8+8 format). 8

Interface device :

Interface device This is an electronic kit which converts the input digital signals such as, (retina pattern + votes + secure bits) to radio waves. 9

Working of whole system :

Working of whole system Whenever a voter enters into the voting booth, he will be instructed to directly look at the Retina Scanning Machine and the machine scans his retina (Eye Pattern). Once the retina scanning is properly confirmed, then the voter is made to vote. Now the whole data including the retina pattern is sent to the Interfacing Device which converts it into radio waves and these radio waves are sent to the mobile tower. And then to the remote server, where the authentication and voters identification is stored into a secured database. 10

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE CLIENT SIDE CIRCUIT:

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE CLIENT SIDE CIRCUIT 11

Contd…:

Contd… The received data is first converted into digital format from the radio waves through the interface device kept at the server side, and then the retina pattern and vote are separated. Next the retina pattern is matched against the existing database. If a match is found, then flag is checked which indicates its voting status i.e. +ve ack. This acknowledgement is recognized by the receiver kept at the voter side and machine is made to scan next retina pattern and vote, otherwise if a –ve acknowledgement, then an alert alarm is made to ring. 12

HURDLES IN THE PATH OF IMPLEMENTATION :

HURDLES IN THE PATH OF IMPLEMENTATION Security Efficiency Geographical Problems 13

Security:

Security Uses Key Complex Encryption Algorithm First it finds the length of the string. Generates random numbers equal to the length of the string. Adds the corresponding characters from the given string and the random values. 14

Example of KCE algorithm:

Example of KCE algorithm E.g. KSHITIJ 8 12 34 4 11 9 26 The ASCII values for KSHITIJ are K S H I T I J B) 75 83 72 73 84 73 74 Add corresponding A and B values as 8+75 12+83 34+72 4+73 11+84 9+73 26+74 83 95 106 77 95 82 100 15

Contd…:

Contd… 16 The corresponding ASCII characters for these are: S _ j M _ R d The corresponding characters for random values:        Final encrypted data is: S  _  j  M  _  R  d 

Efficiency:

Efficiency Applying Compression Algorithms Using distributed Operating System environment with multiple servers. 17

Geographical Problems :

Geographical Problems It occurs, where the technical facilities like mobile tower or Internet service is not present. In this case, we will convert the vote and retina pattern into electrical information. Then pass it through electrical conductors until we reach the area where the technical facilities like internet or mobile tower is available. Here the eye scanner will be a typical web camera. 18

PowerPoint Presentation:

FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS 19

Contd… :

Contd… SMS (Text Messaging) Interactive Digital Television Internet (Mobile WAP/GPRS) SSL Website Voting Operating System 20

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION Provides high level of security, authentication, reliability, and corruption-free mechanism. We can get the results within a minute after the completion of voting. Minimum manpower utilization, hence mechanism is error free. 21

PowerPoint Presentation:

22 REFERENCES Electronic Circuits by Boylestead Digital Integrated Electronics by Herbert Taub & Donald Schilling Google Wikipedia www.howstuffworks.com

Feel free to ask any QUERIES!!:

Feel free to ask any QUERIES!! 23

THANK YOU  -- Sushma Golla & Benny Moses:

T HANK YOU  -- Sushma Golla & Benny Moses 24

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