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INDO-AFGHAN FRIENDSHIP Ehsanullah Hassani, July 2012


AGENDA Geographical Overview Early History Afghanistan after Indian Independence (1947-2001) Modern Afghanistan and India A short clip “Humsaye ,Two Nations, Two Neighbors“

Geographical Overview :

Geographical Overview The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country in south central Asia Known as Heart of Asia, Paid enormous price for its location Crossroads between the East and the West, and was an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and migration

Geographical Overview :

Geographical Overview

Geographical Overview :

Geographical Overview Iran, in the south and west Pakistan, in the south and east Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north China in the far northeast

Early History :

Early History Indo-Afghan history can be traced back to Indus Valley Civilization Buddhist, Hindu and Zoroastrian cultures had influences in Afghan culture Despite acceptance of Islam Muslims and Hindus lived side by side. Afghanistan- Aryana . India- Aryavarta It was a world without border, there was free flow of Caravans sharing history, culture and heritage resulting in common folklore Buddhism spread across Afghanistan on Eight fold moral of conduct. Resulted not much in Imperial invasions, but rather in evolution of cultural value system through peaceful means Islam made its advent both in Afghanistan and India in early 7th Century AD Mohenjo Daro Buddha

Afghanistan and India (1947-2001) :

Afghanistan and India (1947-2001) During independence struggle Gandhi ji got attracted foreign wide. among them was Khan Abdul Ghafar Khan and Khan Sahib. They were prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement and active supporters of the Indian National Congress. Subhas Chandra Bose (Netaji) went to Europe through Afghanistan. Got all sympathy and support from friends in Afghanistan Relation between the both countries does not merely tie on political bases but rather people to people intermingling More concrete steps were taken when Dr. Zakir Hussein laid the foundation of IGICH in 1966 1973- Dawood’s Republic 1978- Democratic Republic 1979- Russian Invasion 1990’s- Civil war

Modern Afghanistan and India :

Modern Afghanistan and India India and Afghanistan are building a partnership between the world’s largest and most recent democracies In 2005, India proposed Afghanistan's membership in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). Three MOUs for strengthening cooperation in the fields of rural development, education and standardization between the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and Afghan National Standardization Authority were signed between Afghanistan and India during Hamid Karzai's visit to India in April 2006 May 2011, after PM Singh’s reached Kabul, India’s pledge to Afghanistan reached $2 billion October 2011, Afghanistan signed its first strategic pact with India. The military assistance will include training of Afghan security personnel.

Major Infrastructure Projects:

Major Infrastructure Projects Construction of 218 km road from Zaranj to Delaram to facilitate movement of goods and services from Afghanistan to the Iranian border and, onward, to the Chahbahar Port (completed). Construction of 220kV DC transmission line from Pul -e- Khumri to Kabul and a 220/110/20 kV sub-station at Chimtala to bring additional power from the northern grid to Kabul ( compled ). Construction and commissioning of Salma Dam power project in Herat province Construction of the Afghan Parliament Expansion of national TV network

Education and capacity development :

Education and capacity development Reconstruction of Habibia High school 500 annual long-term university scholarships sponsored by ICCR 500 annual short-term ITEC (Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation) training programs for Afghan public servants in Indian technical and professional institutions School Material (desk-cum-benches) Computer Training Centres . Small Development Projects Indian Medial Mission Polyclinics Military Aids

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Humsaye ,Two Nations, Two Neighbors “

PowerPoint Presentation:

THANK YOU Hope for Indo-Afghan ties grow from strength to strength 2012: 2012

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